Program in Science, Technology, and Society - MIT

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1 Program in Science, Technology, and Society Introduction ThePrograminScience,Technology,andSociety(STS),now27yearsold,currentlyhas 13activefacultymembers.DavidKaiser,LeoMarxcareerdevelopmentassistant professorofthehistoryandcultureofscience,wassuccessfullypromotedtotherankof associateprofessor.Wehavejusthiredahistorianofscienceandmedicine,DavidJones, whohasanMD/PhDfromHarvardandwhohasrecentlypublishedhisfirstbook, RationalizingEpidemics:MeaningsandUsesofAmericanIndianMortalitysince1600with HarvardUniversityPress.Dr.JonesofficiallybeginsasanassistantprofessorinJuly 2005,ashehasonemoreyearofresidencyandwillworkapproximatelyhalftimeinSTS untilthen. Doctoral Program ThedoctoralprogramintheHistoryandSocialStudyofScienceandTechnology (HSSST),approvedbytheMITFacultyin1988,representsacollaborationofSTS,the Historyfaculty,andtheAnthropologyProgram.Therearecurrently28HSSSTstudents. Weareplanningtoadmitfournewstudentsinthefall(theusualnumber).We graduatedfourstudents,allofwhomaregoingontoexcellentjobs:Dr.BabakAshrafito theCenterforHistoryofPhysicsattheAmericanInstituteofPhysicsasahistorian;Dr. RachelPrenticetoatenuretrackSTSassistantprofessorshipatCornell;Dr.William TurkeltoatenuretrackjobinthehistorydepartmentattheUniversityofWestern Ontario;andDr.TimothyWolterstoatenuretrackpositionatUtahStateUniversity. Ourstudentshavebeenhighlysuccessfulatwinningcompetitivefellowshipstosupport theirgraduatestudies.Forexample,inAugust2003,Mr.NickBuchananreceiveda UnitedStatesDepartmentofEducationJacobK.JavitsFellowship, whichprovidesa fouryearfullfellowshipinthehumanitiesandsocialsciences.Ms.CandisCallisonwas nominatedasamemberoftheMartinFamilySocietyofFellowsforSustainabilityfor 20042005.Mr.KieranDownes,afirstyearstudent,hasbeenappointedthefirst IntegrativeGraduateEducationandResearchTrainingProgramtraineeinthenew$2.9 million,fiveyearprogramsponsoredbytheNationalScienceFoundation(NSF)in emergingtechnologiesjointlyawardedtoSTS,theTechnologyandPolicyProgram,and PoliticalScience.Mr.NateGreenslitreceivedanNSFdissertationsupportgrant,an AmericanPsychoanalyticAssociationfellowship,andbecamearesearchfellowofthe BostonPsychoanalyticSocietyandInstitute.Mr.ShaneHamiltonreceivedafellowship incontemporaryhistory,publicpolicy,andAmericanpoliticsfromtheMillerCenterat theUniversityofVirginia.Ms.Margaret(Meg)Hiesinger,asecondyearstudent,has beenawardedahighlycompetitiveLucefellowshipforayearsstudyintheFarEast. Ms.JennySmith,afourthyearstudent,didresearchinRussiathispastyearonSoviet agricultureinthe1930sunderanInternationalResearchandExchangesBoardgrant, andhasjustbeenawardedaKenanfellowshiptocontinuethiswork. 965

2 MIT Reports to the President 20032004 AlongwithMs.Smith,HSSSTgraduatestudentsMr.AlexanderBrown,Mr.Peter Shulman,andMs.AnyaZilbersteinwereselectedthisspringasrecipientsoftheDibner Institutegraduatefellowshipsforthecomingacademicyear. Projects, Grants, and Initiatives ProfessorKaiserreceivedagrantfromtheSpencerFoundationforhisprojectTraining QuantumMechanics:PedagogicalPressuresandCurricularReforminModernPhysics. Thegrantwillsupporttheinvestigationofthechangingwaysinwhichphysicistsmade senseofquantummechanicsinpostwarUnitedStates,Europe,andJapan. ProfessorLorenGrahamcontinuedhisstudy,supportedbyNSF,ofthechangesinthe organizationofthescientificworkforceandfinancingofthebasicsciencesinRussia sincethecollapseoftheSovietUnion. TheKaporFoundationgrantsupportingtheMITInitiativeonTechnologyandSelf, headedbySherryTurkle,AbbyRockefellerMauzprofessorofthesociologyofscience, wasextendedthroughFebruary28,2005. AgroupofSTSfaculty,workingwithcolleaguesinAnthropology,continuedtheirwork onComputation,VisualizationandChangingProfessionalIdentities.Thisproject, fundedbyNSF,isexamininghowvariousprofessionsarebeingtransformedinthe digitalage,especiallythroughtheuseofvirtualexperience. Educational Activities TheSTSProgramoffered24undergraduatesubjectsand25graduatesubjectsin AY20032004.Undergraduateenrollmenttotaled505.Graduateenrollmenttotaled153. Fiveofthesewerenewsubjects.Inourteachingprogram,weemphasizecollaborations withotherpartsofMIT.Thisyearweoffered19subjectsjointlywithotherdepartments (Anthropology,ElectricalEngineeringandComputerScience,HealthSciencesand Technology,History,LinguisticsandPhilosophy,MediaArtsandSciences,Physics, PoliticalScience,WomensStudies,andWritingandHumanisticStudies).Some examplesfollow: ProfessorKaiserteachesaphysicsclass,STS.042J/8.225J Oppenheimer,Einstein, Feynman,thatfulfillsarequirementinthenewphysicsmajor,aswellasfulfilling CIMandCIHASSrequirements. FrancesandDavidDibnerassociateprofessorofthehistoryofengineeringand manufacturingDavidMindellhastaughtaclassinCourse6,6.933J/STS.420J The StructureofEngineeringRevolutions,thatfulfillsarequirementinitsMEng program. AssociateprofessorJosephDumitisteachingtwonewclassesonscientific visualization(oneonthegraduatelevel,oneoftheundergraduatelevel)intendedto 966

3 Program in Science, Technology, and Society attractstudentsthroughouttheSchoolofScience,especiallyintheDepartmentof BrainandCognitiveSciences. ProfessorMichaelFischerteachesEthicsandLawontheElectronicFrontierwith ProfessorHaroldAbelsonfromCourse6,wherestudentsmeetandquestion technologists,activists,lawenforcementagents,journalists,andlegalexperts;an ethnographycoursewithProfessorDumitforHSSSTgraduatestudents,aswellas studentsinComparativeMediaStudies,HSSST,andtheSloanSchool;andacourse offeredjointlywithHealthSciencesandTechnology,HST.930J SocialStudiesof BioscienceandBiotechnology,withHarvardMedicalSchoolprofessorsByronand MaryJoGood. STScurrentlyhasoneundergraduatemajor,eightminors(fiveofwhomaregraduating inJune04),and46concentrators(26ofwhomaregraduatinginJune2004).Weoffered fiveundergraduateHASSDistribution(HASSD)subjectsandfourcommunication intensivesubjects.OurHASSDclassSTS.011AmericanScience:EthicalConflictsand PoliticalChoicescontinuestodrawthelargestenrollmentamongSTSsubjects(68 studentsinfall2003).TheSTSprogramofferedsixUndergraduateResearch OpportunityProjects,andduringtheJanuary2004IndependentActivitiesPeriod,we sponsoredorcosponsoredthreeactivities. Ongoing Activities of the Program OngoingactivitiesoftheprograminSTSbringawidevarietyofdistinguishedscholars totheMITcampusonaregularbasis.ThelongestrunningoftheseactivitiesistheSTS colloquiumseries,whichthisyeargave13scholarsanopportunitytospeakonsubjects inthehistoryorsocialstudyofscienceandtechnology,aswellastomeetwithstudents andfacultymoreinformally.TwoofthemareAfricanAmericansandoneisNative American;twoareourowngraduatingstudents. Thefallseriesbeganwithaspecialcolloquium,CurrentEventsfromanSTSPerspective, commemorating9/11.ProfessorMichaelAdasofRutgersUniversitywasthemoderator andthespeakerswereprofessorsFischerandFitzgerald,andMerrittRoeSmith,whois LeverettHowellandWilliamKingCuttenprofessorofthehistoryoftechnologyatMIT. EveryyeartheSTSProgramalsosponsorstheArthurMillerlectureonscienceand ethics,whichisadvertisedtothelargerMITandBostonareacommunities.Thispastfall theMillerlecturerwasMargaretMellon,FoodandEnvironmentProgramdirectorfor theUnionofConcernedScientists,whosetalkwastitledTheWagesofHype: AgriculturalBiotechnologyafter25Years. Inaddition,twootherseriesoflectureshavebeenongoinginSTSduringthepast severalyears.ThefirstisDeepArch,thedeepseaarchaeologyinitiativeorganizedby ProfessorMindell,whichattractsresearchersandstudentsinOceanEngineeringand elsewhereatMIT,aswellasfromWoodsHoleandotherinstitutionswith 967

4 MIT Reports to the President 20032004 oceanographicprograms.ThesecondistheSawyerseriesonModernTimes,Rural Places,cosponsoredbySTSandtheHistoryfaculty. TheSiegelPrizeisanawardof$2,000forthebestessayonissuesrelatingtoscience, technology,andsocietywrittenbyanMITstudentinthepreviousyear.Mr.ChenPang Yeangwasthewinnerofthe2003SiegelPrizecompetitionforhispaper,When HobbyistsWereExperts.TheSiegelPrizecommitteefor2003consistedofProfessor EvelynFoxKeller(STS),whoservedaschair;ThomasMeloyprofessorofrhetoricand thehistoryofscienceKennethManning(STSandWritingandHumanisticStudies);and associateprofessorofphilosophyEdwardJ.Hall(LinguisticsandPhilosophy).There were32paperssubmittedforthecompetitionthisyear.Becauseofthehighqualityof thisyearsentries,thecommitteealsoawardedtwohonorablementions:Ms.Hiesinger forOvertheRainbow:BiotechnologicalNarratives,thePapaya,andtheRemakingof HawaiiandMr.ShulmanforScienceCanNeverDemobilize:TheUnitedStatesNavy andPetroleumGeology,18981924. Morerecently,STShashostedagrowingnumberofvisitingscholars,someofwhom havesupportfromvarioussources(fellowships,homeinstitutions)andwhowanttobe inourmidstforaresearchyear.Thisyearwehadadozenvisitingscholars,includinga numberwhohavealsobeenfellowsoftheDibnerInstituteatsomepoint:Claire Calcagno,JimenaCanales,JosephCorn,SlavaGerovitch,AnnaMcCann,Constance Perin,MichaelStiefel,EmilyThompson,UlrichWengenroth,SaraWermiel,Alan Davidson,andVictorMcElheny. Attherequestofsomeofthesevisitingscholars,STShasstartedasecondseriesoftalks, intheformofregularbrownbagluncheonsatwhichthey(andasprinklingofother speakers)presentedtheirworkinaninformalsetting.Mr.Davidson,a1993MIT graduateoftheTechnologyandPolicyProgramandassociatedirectoroftheCenterfor DemocracyandTechnologyinWashington,DC,gaveaseriesoffourlecturesthisspring onthecommonthemeofLibertybyDesign.Asalawyer,hediscussedchallengesto privacy,freespeech,andfairuseposedbyevolvinginformationtechnologies. STSisalsohostingagrowingnumberofvisitingprofessors.Thispastyear,we sponsoredthreesuchprofessors: KoffiMagloisaMartinLutherKingvisitingscholarwhoisbeingcosponsoredby thePhilosophyfacultyandSTS,withthecooperationoftheDibnerInstitute.Dr. Magloisahistorianandphilosopherofscience;hetaughtanundergraduateclass lastfallandagraduateclassinthespring.Hisappointmenthasbeenrenewedfora secondyear. SvanteLindqvist,directoroftheNobelMuseuminStockholm,washereforsix weeksthisfall,includingNobelWeek.Hetaughtafoursession(noncredit bearing)seminarinfourconsecutiveweeks,whichwaswellattendedandbrought togethermanydifferentpartsoftheMITcommunity. 968

5 Program in Science, Technology, and Society ManuelCastells,whosehomebaseisnowtheOpenUniversityofCatalonia, althoughheteacheseachfallattheUniversityofSouthernCalifornia,wasbrought toMITforaweekinJanuarybySTS,theMediaLab,andtheDepartmentofUrban StudiesandPlanning.Hetaughtaonesessionfacultyseminarandafivesession graduateseminarthatwereimmediatelyoversubscribedandwerebyallaccounts highlysuccessful.Hewillreturnforannualtwoweekvisitsduringthenextfive years. STSfacultyandstudentshavebeeninvolvedinawiderangeofothereventsthatattract participationfromaroundtheInstituteandbeyond.TheMITInitiativeonTechnology andSelf,headedbyProfessorTurkleandcloselyalliedwithresearchersintheMedia Lab,sponsoredanEvocativeObjectsSymposiuminKillianHallonMarch5,2004.It includedafulldayofpresentationsonobjectsandsupportingtheoreticalpapers,and examinedthepsychological,social,andepistemologicaldimensionsofmaterialculture. STSwasamajorparticipantintwoMITeventsthisspring:theEngineeringSystems SymposiumheldMarch2931,2004(distinguishedvisitingprofessorThomasHughes andProfessorMindellspokeinthefirstsession);andtheEmergingTechnologies symposiumheldonApril12,2004aspartoftheIntegrativeGraduateEducationand ResearchTrainingprogram,anNSFsupportedcollaborationofSTS,PoliticalScience, andtheTechnologyandPolicyProgramtostudyemergingtechnologies. Inaddition,STShasplayedamajorroleinsupportingthelearnedsocietiesandrelated activitiesinthehistoryofscienceandtechnology.Forexample,thisfallSTS,alongwith theHistoryofScienceDepartmentatHarvard,hosted(onthepremisesoftheDibner Institute)the2003annualJointAtlanticSeminarintheHistoryofthePhysicalSciences (JASHOPS)onthetopicofModernPhysicalSciencesandtheState.JASHOPSisan importantandsuccessfulmeetinggroundforgraduatestudentsinthehistoryofthe physicalsciences. ThisfallSTS,againincollaborationwithHarvardsHistoryofScienceDepartment, hostedtheannualmeetingoftheHistoryofScienceSocietyintheCambridgeHyatt RegencyHotel.Numerousfaculty,students,andvisitingscholarsassociatedwithSTS participatedinthesessions. Knight Science Journalism Fellowship Program Nowenteringtheirtwentysecondyear,theKnightfellowshipscontinuetoattract sciencejournalistsfromaroundtheworldtolearnmoreaboutthescienceand technologytheycover.Duringhissixthyearasdirectoroftheprogram,Boyce Rensbergerorganizedweeklongintensivefellowshipsforsciencejournalistsinmedical evidenceandbrainscience.InJanuarytheKnightfellowstraveledtoMexicotomeet withscientists,tourarcheologicalsites,andvisittheoverwinteringgroundsofmonarch butterflies. ThetwentysecondclassoffellowsincludesBrianBergstein,technologyreporterforthe AssociatedPress;IngfeiChen,afreelancesciencewriterwhoseworkappearsinScience 969

6 MIT Reports to the President 20032004 Online,theNewYorkTimes,andDiscover;JudyFahys,environmentreporteroftheSalt LakeTribune;JustinGillis,biotechnologyreporterfortheWashingtonPost;Taro Mitamura,televisionsciencereporterforNHK,theJapanBroadcastingCorporation; ColinNickerson,foreigncorrespondentfortheBostonGlobewhowillbepreparingto makeatransitionintofulltimesciencereporting;ValeriaRoman,scienceandmedical reporterforClarn,thelargestdailynewspaperinArgentina;JeffTollefson,science reporterattheSantaFeNewMexicannewspaper;MartinUhlir,sciencereporterforLidove Noviny,oneofthebiggestdailynewspapersintheCzechRepublic;andSylviaPagn Westphal,reporterforNewScientistmagazine. Fellowsattendover60seminarswithfaculty,whicharespeciallyorganizedforthem,as wellasotherseminarsandworkshopsdevotedtoscienceandtechnologyandtheir widerimpacts.ThefellowshipsaresupportedbyanendowmentcontributedbytheJohn S.andJamesL.KnightFoundationofMiamiandbyalumniandfoundationgifts.More informationabouttheKnightScienceJournalismfellowshipscanbefoundat http://web.mit.edu/knightscience/. Faculty Activities ProfessorDumitsbook,PicturingPersonhood:BrainScansandBiomedicalIdentity,was publishedbyPrincetonUniversityPressinFebruary2004.Hewillbespeakingatthe AmericanAcademyofArtsandSciences,theAssociationforBioethicsconference,and theNewYorkAcademyofSciencesthisyearontheusesandmisusesofbrainimages. Heiscurrentlyworkingonhisnextbookonmedicalfactsandpharmaceuticalsin Americanculture.HeisthechairofthePharmaceuticalsandIdentityWorkingGroup (InitiativeonTechnologyandSelfatMIT)andafoundingmemberofthespecialinterest groupontheAnthropologyofPharmaceuticalsintheAmericanAnthropological Association.HeistheassociateeditorofCultural,MedicineandSociety:An InterdisciplinaryJournal.Helaunchedanewcourseinspring2004onscientific visualizationacrossthedisciplines. Besideshisgraduateandundergraduateteaching,ProfessorFischerhelpedwritefour grantproposals,ledtwostudenttripstotheMiddleEast,publishedtwobookswith DukeUniversityPress(EmergentFormsofLifeandtheAnthropologicalVoiceandMute Dreams,BlindOwls,andDispersedKnowledges:PersianPoesisintheTransnationalCircuitry), andpublishedthreereviewessays.Heparticipatedinconferencesandworkshopsin Cambridge,England(oncitiesandfilm);Jerusalem,Israel(ontheMiddleEastconflict); Montreal,Canada(ontheMiddleEastconflict);atNewYorkUniversity(onreligionand media);andatColumbia(onIranianfilm).HealsoattendedtheSocietyforCultural AnthropologysconferenceinPortland,Oregon;meetingsoftheAmerican AnthropologicalAssociationheldinChicago,andSocietyforSocialStudiesofScience meetingsheldinAtlanta.HedoesreviewsfortheAES,AA,CulturalAnthropology, severalpresses,andservesontheexecutiveboardoftheSocietyforCultural Anthropology. ProfessorFitzgeraldtaughtfourcoursesthisyear.HerbookEveryFarmaFactory:The IndustrialIdealinAmericanAgriculturewontheTheodoreSaloutosPrizeforthebestbook 970

7 Program in Science, Technology, and Society inagriculturalhistory.SheservedaspresidentoftheAgriculturalHistorySociety.She gavepapersattheSocietyfortheHistoryofTechnologyannualmeeting,aswellasthe AmericanSocietyforEnvironmentalHistory.Shecosponsored(withArthurJ.Conner professorofhistoryHarrietRitvo)anotheryearofspeakersintheModernTimes,Rural Placesseminarseries.ShechairedasearchcommitteeinSTS,servedasactingdirectorof graduatestudiesforthespringterm,andservedontheCommencementCommitteeand theMITMuseumCollectionCommittee. AssociateprofessorHughGustersonwasonleavefromMITasprofessorofpublic policyatGeorgiaTech.HepublishedabooktitledPeopleoftheBombwithMinnesota Pressandthreearticles:NuclearTourism,intheJournalofCulturalResearch,andIfUS DumpsTestBanTreaty,ChinaWillRejoice,andLynneCheneysFreeSpeech Blacklist,bothinAnthropologistsinthePublicSphere,editedbyRobertoGonzalesand publishedbyRoutledge.HewastreasureroftheAmericanEthnologicalSocietyanda memberoftheeditorialboardofAnthropologicalQuarterly. ProfessorKaisercompletedhisbook,DrawingTheoriesApart:TheDispersionofFeynman DiagramsinPostwarPhysics,nowinpresswiththeUniversityofChicagoPress.Healso completedaneditedvolume,PedagogyandthePracticeofScience:Historicaland ContemporaryPerspectives,nowinpresswithMITPress.Inadditionhehastwoarticlesin pressinthejournalsAmericanQuarterlyandSocialStudiesofScience.Hedeliveredeight invitedlecturesthroughouttheUnitedStatesandJapan,servedaslocalorganizerforthe annualHistoryofScienceSocietymeetingheldinCambridgeinNovember2003,andas thefacultyorganizerfortheannualJointAtlanticSeminarfortheHistoryofPhysical SciencesheldinCambridgeinSeptember2003.Hewasalsoawardedaresearchgrant fromtheSpencerFoundation,andcontinueshisresearchwithseveralcollaboratorsin MITsPhysicsDepartmentintoearlyuniversecosmology. ProfessorKellerpublishedtwoarticles.Inadditionsheservedasvisitingprofessorand historianinresidence,NCBS,Bangalore,IndiainFebruary2004;organizedaworkshop onIntersubjectivity,Development,andDynamicalSystems,attheUniversityof MinneapolisinApril2004;wastheplenaryspeakeratthefirstAfricanHumanGenome ConferenceinMarch2003;wastheSnowdenlectureratWesleyanUniversityinOctober 2004;andlecturedasWintonvisitingchairofinterdisciplinarystudiesattheUniversity ofMinnesota. ProfessorKenistonhascontinuedworkoninformationandcommunicationtechnologies topromotedevelopment.Thebookheorganizedandedited,ITExperienceinIndia: BridgingtheDigitalDivide,waspublishedbySageNewDelhi.WithIndiancolleagues,he receivedgrantsfromthegovernmentofIndiaandfromIndianinformationtechnology firmstostudythecostsandbenefitsofegovernanceprojects.Hechairedthedecennial reviewcommitteeoftheNationalInstituteofAdvancedStudiesattheIndianInstituteof ScienceinBangalore,andwaselectedtothegoverningboardoftheIndianInstituteof InformationTechnology.HewasdirectoroftheMITIndiaProgram,andtaughtcourses oninformationtechnologyanddevelopment,Indian,andenvironmentalstudies. 971

8 MIT Reports to the President 20032004 ProfessorMindellhasbeenonsabbaticalthisyearasaseniorfellowattheDibner Institute.HehasbeenwritingabookonthehistoryoftheApolloprogram,andthe computersandhuman/machineinterfacethatledtothemoonlandings.Inthesummer of2003,heparticipatedinthesurveyandsamplingofa1,500yearoldshipwreckinthe BlackSeathatwasfeaturedinNationalGeographicinApril2004.Heisprincipal investigatorona$400K+grantawardedbytheNationalOceanicandAtmospheric AdministrationsOceanExplorationprogramtogotoAntarcticain2006tolookfor shipwrecksandhydrothermalvents.Mindellisintheprocessofcommercializinga highprecisionnavigationsonarhehasbeendevelopingoverthepast10years.His book,BetweenHumanandMachine,publishedbyJohnsHopkinsUniversityPressin2002, willappearinpaperbackthisfall.HealsoreceivedhisprivatepilotslicenseinMarch 2004. ProfessorSmithisworkingonthesecondeditionofhiscoauthoredtextbook,Inventing America,whichhasbeenadoptedatover200collegesanduniversities.Healso contributedanessaytitledWhatHistoryCanTellUsaboutInventionandCreativity forabookofessaysonthesubjectofinventionthatformedthecorereadingforan InventionAssemblyheldattheNationalAcademyofEngineeringinMarch.Healsois servingascoprincipalinvestigatorforanIntegrativeGraduateEducationandResearch TraininggrantreceivedfromtheNSF,jointlysponsoredbytheTechnologyandPolicy Program,PoliticalScience,andSTS.HeischairingtheNASA/AmericanHistorical AssociationHistoryfellowshipselectioncommitteeandisservingonthenational advisoryboardsoftheAmericanMuseumofTextileHistory,theSteamtownInstitute, andWGBHstelevisionseriesTheAmericanExperience.HereceivedtheFounders DayAwardforscholarlydistinctionfromtheCharlesRiverMuseumofIndustryand wasnamedhonoraryguestprofessorattheKanazawaInstituteofTechnology.Hegave lecturesattheTsongasHistoryCenter,BostonNationalHistoricalPark,Universityof MassachusettsBoston,BellarmineUniversity,andtheMITClubofCapeCod. ProfessorTurklecontinuesherworkasthedirectoroftheMITInitiativeonTechnology andSelf.InadditiontotheEvocativeObjectssymposiummentionedearlierinthis report,theinitiativesponsoredaconferencetitledInformationTechnologiesand ProfessionalIdentity:AComparativeStudyoftheEffectsofVirtuality.TheongoingNSF grantthatfundedthisworkshopexploresthechallengesthatscientificandtechnical disciplinesfaceastheyincorporatesimulationandvisualizationtechnologiesastoolsin theproductionofknowledge.ProfessorTurkleiseditingtwovolumesresultingfrom workoftheinitiative:EvocativeObjects:ThinkingWithThingsandTechnologyandSelf: MediationsonMindandMechanism.Shealsocontinuesherresearchonrelational artifacts,studyingrobotics,digitalpets,andsimulatedcreatures,particularlythose designedforchildrenandtheelderly. ProfessorWilliamscontinuesasdirectoroftheSTSprogram.Shegavetalkson InformationTechnologyandOrganizationalChange:LearningfromMIT,atthe UniversitatObertadeCatalunyainBarcelonainJune2004;UbiquitousComputing:An STSPerspective,attheMITIntegrativeGraduateEducationandResearchTraining workshopinApril2004;ScienceandTechnologyinaDangerousWorld,fortheMIT AlumniclubofSouthernCaliforniainApril2004;deliveredthekeynoteaddress,The 972

9 Program in Science, Technology, and Society EndofEngineering?atthe175thanniversarycelebrationoftheOhioMechanics InstituteattheUniversityofCincinnatisHistoryofTechnologysymposiuminMarch 2004;andgavetheJonesseminar,TheIdentityCrisisofEngineering,attheThayer SchoolofEngineeringatDartmouthCollegeinFebruary2004.PaperbackandSpanish editionsofherbookRetooling:AHistorianConfrontsTechnologicalChangewerereleased. SheservedasvicepresidentoftheSocietyfortheHistoryofTechnology(SHOT)and organizedthefirstSHOTsummerwritingandpublicationworkshopforyoungscholars, heldonCapeCodinJune2004. RosalindH.Williams Director RobertM.MetcalfeProfessorofWriting MoreinformationaboutthePrograminScience,Technology,andSocietycanbefoundonthewebat http://mit.edu/sts/. 973

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