The FEMA National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program

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2 Cover Photo Napa, California, August 24, 2014 -- This building was damaged by the magnitude 6.0 that struck Napa and is in dangerous condition, resulting in a fenced off street and closed businesses in the area. Photo by Eilis Maynard, FEMA.

3 Table of Contents I. Overview..................................................................................................................................... 1 II. FEMA Headquarters and the FEMA Regions ................................................................................. 3 III. FEMA Earthquake Assistance to the States and U.S. Territories ................................................. 14 IV. Regional Earthquake Consortia and FEMA Earthquake Partners ................................................. 23 V. FEMA Regional and HQ Earthquake Program Managers .................................................................. 30 VI. State and Territorial Earthquake Program Managers ................................................................. 32

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5 I. Overview The National Earthquake Hazards Reduction and in coordination with the FEMA Regions, the Program (NEHRP), which was first authorized by States, the earthquake consortia, and other Congress in 1977, coordinates the earthquake- public and private partners. related activities of the Federal Government. The goal of NEHRP is to mitigate earthquake This report describes selected FEMA NEHRP losses in the United States through basic and accomplishments (HQ and Regional), followed directed research and implementation activities by highlights from the States and U.S. in the fields of earthquake science and territories and organizations which used FEMA engineering. support for NEHRP activities. Organizations receiving FEMA support include the four regional earthquake consortia - Cascadia Region Earthquake Workgroup (CREW), Central United States Earthquake Consortium (CUSEC), Northeast States Emergency Consortium (NESEC), and the Western States Seismic Policy Council (WSSPC) as well as the Earthquake The four NEHRP federal agencies are the Engineering Research Institute (EERI), the Federal Emergency Management Agency Federal Alliance for Safe Homes, Inc. (FLASH), (FEMA), the National Institute of Standards and Outreach Process Partners, LLC (OPP), and the Technology (NIST), which is the lead agency, Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC). the National Science Foundation (NSF), and the United States Geological Survey (USGS). Under The accomplishments described in this report NEHRP, FEMA is responsible for developing showcase how FEMA and its partners, working effective earthquake risk reduction tools and in collaboration, continue to make progress promoting their implementation, as well as toward earthquake loss-reduction nationwide. supporting the development of disaster- Much of the work completed in FY 2014 is resistant building codes and standards. FEMAs helping to reduce earthquake risk, and serving NEHRP activities are led by the FEMA as the foundation for realizing effective long- Headquarters (HQ), Federal Insurance and term outcomes. Mitigation Administration, Risk Reduction Division, Building Science Branch, in strong partnership with other FEMA HQ Directorates, 1

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7 II. FEMA Headquarters and the FEMA Regions Building Codes The Building Science Branch monitors the The most important factor in reducing a Nation's model building codes by reviewing communitys risk from an earthquake is the proposed changes for the International Codes adoption and enforcement of up-to-date building codes. Evaluating older buildings and retrofitting structural and non-structural components are critical steps. To survive and remain resilient, communities must also strengthen their core infrastructure and critical facilities so that these can withstand an earthquake or other disaster and continue to provide essential services. For many years, FEMA has supported seismic code development 2015 IBC and the Significant and promoted the adoption and enforcement Changes to the IBC, 2015 Edition. of seismic codes through its participation in NEHRP. (International Building Code (IBC), International Residential Code (IRC), International Existing Support for the 2015 International Building Code (IEBC), and others) to identify Codes Process those which have a positive or negative impact The Building Science Branch helps to promote on disaster resistance building performance. In disaster-resilient communities through its FY 2014, Branch staff testified at code hearings support of national building code and standards to obtain favorable outcomes for those changes organizations such as the International Code resulting in no loss of overall earthquake, flood, Council (ICC). This work is an important part of or wind-related disaster resistance provisions FEMAs overall mission to help the Nation of the relevant I-Codes (including their prepare for and protect against natural and equivalence with the minimum NEHRP man-made hazards that pose a threat to life Recommended Seismic Provisions). For the and property. 2015 I-Codes, FEMA seismic-related testimonies had a success rate of more than 90 First released in 2000, the International Codes percent. (I-Codes) are a set of construction codes that address building, fire, plumbing, mechanical, Updates in the 2015 NEHRP fuel gas, property maintenance, zoning, and energy efficiency. The 2015 I-Codes reflect the Recommended Seismic Provisions The NEHRP Recommended Seismic Provisions most advanced building science construction for New Buildings and Other Structures is a methods and practices to achieve resiliency, widely recognized seismic code resource safety, innovation, and affordability in the built document from FEMA. Since 1985, the NEHRP environment. Provisions have played an important supporting role to national building codes and standards. The NEHRP Provisions serve as a research-to practice platform for NEHRP, both in the 3

8 implementation of research results and as support for our most important and effective earthquake protection tool earthquake resistant building codes. When States and communities adopt and enforce current national building codes, the built-in protection against loss of life and property damage from earthquakes helps to achieve NEHRP goals. This is the foundation for FEMAs 30-year commitment to the NEHRP Provisions. 2014 United States Geological Survey Seismic Hazard Map. This role continues with the 2015 edition of the NEHRP Provisions as a seismic code resource focused on translating new research results for Promoting and Monitoring the improving the ASEC/SEI 7 Minimum Design Adoption of Building Codes Loads for Buildings and Other Structures, now The Branch promotes building code adoption in the national design standard that is directly partnership with the ICC, standards groups, the referenced by the IBC the model code design industry, and research institutes and adopted by all 50 States and most local through cooperative agreements with the communities. The new Provisions will provide Federal Alliance for Safe Homes (FLASH), the more than 40 recommended technical changes four Regional earthquake consortia, and the developed and consensually approved by the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute Provisions Update Committee, Issue Teams, and (EERI). Branch staff also works with other FEMA member organizations of the Building Seismic programs to integrate building codes and Safety Council (BSSC). The major changes standards in the NFIP, as well into Grants include a complete rewrite of seismic-response- policies and requirements. history procedures, revised soil structure interaction for seismic design, a new alternative The Branch uses the Building Code diaphragm design procedure, revised design Effectiveness Grading Schedule, a tool owned requirements for seismically isolated structures by the Insurance Services Organization, to and structures with damping systems, updated evaluate and score local building code site coefficients and new requirements for departments on code adoption and foundations on liquefiable sites, adoption of enforcement for insurance credit every five new U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) seismic years. FEMA has purchased the use of the data hazard maps for seismic design, strength design to track the rate of code adoption and report of foundations, update of modal analysis performance to FEMA, the Department of procedure, adoption of methodologies as Homeland Security, and the Office of alternatives for seismic qualification of new Management and Budget. A performance goal systems and components, and a revision of the for the Branch is to increase the percent of intent of the Provisions. All of these changes will communities in hazard-prone areas also be brought to the ASCE 7 Seismic (earthquake, flood, and wind) that have Subcommittee to be considered for adoption adopted disaster-resistant building codes. In FY into ASCE 7-16. The tentative FEMA publication 2013, 57 percent of the communities in high- date for the 2015 NEHRP Provisions is mid- earthquake-, flood-, and wind-prone areas had 2015. adopted disaster-resistant building codes equivalent to the I-Codes. By FY 2014, this 4

9 percentage had increased to more than 60 radius, along with several other buildings of percent. interest, and is using the ATC-38 methodology to compare their performance to the known South Napa Earthquake ground motion and document mitigation At 3:20 a.m. on August 24, 2014, a magnitude performance. This data will be used to evaluate 6.0 earthquake struck Napa Valley, California. the performance of seismic retrofitting Within hours, teams of researchers had techniques used on several unreinforced gathered in donated rooms at a CalTrans field masonry structures as well as non-structural office to begin capturing data on the components, which were responsible for the earthquake before it could be lost. An analysis vast majority of damage and injuries. The data of the data and subsequent findings will be will also be used to help validate the new FEMA further studied to help understand the failures P-58, Seismic Performance Assessment of in structures and infrastructure caused by the Buildings, and FEMA P-154, Rapid Visual earthquake. FEMA supported the earthquake Screening of Buildings for Potential Seismic clearinghouse through its cooperative Hazards. agreement with EERI. The clearinghouse was led by the California Geological Survey and EERI New Guidance and Tools and included the USGS, the California Seismic The FEMA Building Science Branch owns the Safety Commission, and the California Office of majority of the agencys publication portfolio, Emergency Services. managing more than 220 multi-hazard publications for a variety of stakeholders, including homeowners, businesses, schools, non-profit groups, governmental and non- governmental organizations, engineering and design professionals, and building code officials. In FY 2014, more than 170,000 Branch publications were distributed to FEMA customers nationwide. FEMA staff also published papers in conference proceedings; developed numerous flyers, web Napa, Calif., August 24, 2014 -- This house suffered severe damage after an earthquake shook up Napa, California. pages, guides and fact sheets to assist State and Building inspectors are going door to door assessing damage local officials, homeowners, design and done to homes and businesses in the city to ensure that residents stay safe from falling debris and unstable structures. construction professionals, and the public; and authored articles in technical and industry journals. FEMA earthquake publications are made available through the FEMA Publications Since the FEMA MAT program is not currently Warehouse and online on set up to handle earthquakes, FEMAs In FY 2014, the FEMA Building Science Branch investigation of the South Napa earthquake is produced more than eight new or revised being done under a special project using ATC, earthquake publications and guidance, some of funded by FEMAs NETAP. ATC is using data which are described below. from a USGS strong-motion recording instrument located in downtown Napa to investigate every building within a 1,000 foot 5

10 Reducing the Risks of Nonstructural software for pre-earthquake building screening Earthquake Damage for potential seismic hazards and post- The August 24, 2014 South Napa earthquake earthquake rapid building evaluation for safe again demonstrated the seismic risk posed by a occupancy. ROVER uses the de facto buildings nonstructural components. In international paper-and-clipboard standards general, the components of a buildings developed by ATC: FEMA 154, Rapid Visual structural system that support the building and Screening of Buildings for Potential Seismic keep it standing the frame, walls and roof performed well in the South Napa earthquake. However, the nonstructural components of a building the cladding, interior walls, ceilings, utilities and contents were responsible for more than 90 percent of the damage. In 2014, FEMA completed an updated, interactive fourth edition of FEMA E-74, designed primarily for online use. FEMA E-74 includes information on the behavior of nonstructural components in earthquakes and the consequences of damage; survey and ROVER resides on a Windows or other web-accessible assessment procedures for nonstructural PC. Engineers, architects, and building professionals collect components in existing buildings; nonstructural field data about buildings via a smartphone, tablet, or other hazard reduction programs for existing mobile device with a data connection, via the device's web browser. buildings and new construction; and detailed illustrations of possible earthquake damage and mitigation measures for a variety of Hazards, A Handbook, 2nd Edition, and ATC-20- nonstructural components. The updated fourth 1 Field Manual: Postearthquake Safety edition covers about 70 different examples of Evaluation of Buildings, 2nd Edition. nonstructural components, compared to about 12 examples in the previous edition, and The new ROVER Version 2 includes many incorporates examples from three major productivity-enhancing features. The updated earthquakes in Chile, New Zealand and Japan. software suite now works on any mobile device, such as Android, iPhone, iPad, and The new FEMA E-74 CD also includes the PDF Windows Phone, with a web browser and version of FEMA E-74 and a training resource active data connection. Version 2 requires no developed by ATC: instructor and student software on the mobile device other than a materials for 4- to 5-hour live training classes. web browser and allows the user to transmit This past year, thousands have been trained in field data immediately to the software, which FEMA E-74 via webinars and In-person training can reside in the users office or virtually classes. anywhere in the world. Version 2 also adds unlimited photos to the ATC-20 rapid and New ROVER 2 Software detailed post-earthquake forms. When a building that has been screened before an This year, FEMA released Version 2 of Rapid earthquake is evaluated after an earthquake Observation of Vulnerability and Estimation of using ATC-20, ROVER puts overlapping data in Risk (FEMA P-154 ROVER 2 CD), a free, mobile 6

11 the ATC-20 form: address, occupancy, number Instructional Materials, FEMA P-752 CD, and of stories and pre-earthquake photos. the seismic design maps used in current ASCE/SEI 7-10 and IBC 2012 and IRC 2012. The new ROVER Version 2 also improves photo handling, which is useful for high-resolution Updated Directory of Partners images, limited data rates and when large Developing and strengthening partnerships numbers of people are inserting data at the for building safer communities underlies all of same time. In addition, the training material the initiatives and activities carried out by and user manual have both been updated and FEMA in support of NEHRP. In 2014, FEMA now include instructions on batch-loading a updated its Directory of FEMA Earthquake pre-existing database and instructions on the Partners, an online resource that supports use of the RedROVER software, which exports those partnerships by providing contact ROVER data to Hazus-MHs Advanced information for more than 300 organizations Engineering Building Module. Additional and individuals involved in earthquake guidance has been developed on how to get mitigation. ROVER Ready, i.e., how to be prepared to use ROVER either before or after an earthquake. Customer Satisfaction Survey Results In 2012 and 2013, two customer surveys were Supporting Materials for the Current performed jointly by CFI Group and Federal NEHRP Provisions Consulting Group of the Department of the An electronic product published in September Interior to assess overall customer experience 2014, 2009 NEHRP Recommended Seismic and satisfaction (value, use and other related Provisions for New Buildings and Other activities) with the Branchs publications The Structures: A Compendium, FEMA P-753 DVD, strong overall customer satisfaction scores of provides a convenient media designed to meet 82 and 84 found in the surveys are significantly the broad needs and interests for the current higher than the average score of 67 for the edition of the NEHRP Provisions and its services and products of other Federal supporting documents. In addition to the agencies. In 2014, year 3 of the survey, the NEHRP Recommended Seismic Provisions for study focused on 18 non-technical publications. New Buildings and Other Structures, 2009 The survey results include the following: Edition, FEMA P-750, the new DVD includes the 2009 NEHRP Recommended Seismic Provisions: For the third year in a row, overall Design Examples, FEMA P-751 CD, 2009 NEHRP satisfaction among Branch customers Recommended Seismic Provisions: Training and was rated exceptional. In 2014, those who ordered at least 1 of the 18 publications posted a Customer Satisfaction Index (CSI) score of 83, a full 16 points above the overall government CSI score. CSI driver scores continue to perform at exceptional levels, with customers registering very favorable perceptions of Printing and Technical Quality, 7

12 Ordering Process, Technical Content and Training Videos, FEMA P-940 CD, March Value. 2014 Satisfaction with Branch publications is Outreach and Awareness high across customers of all educational Awareness and education campaigns, public levels, as well as across different types messaging, and other outreach activities are of actions taken. essential tools for the FEMA mission to help the public prepare for and protect against natural The survey project also provides data on where disasters. FEMA conducts and supports a broad (by State and U.S. Territory) Building Science range of outreach activities for many Branch resources are ordered by declared audiences, from awareness day events and disasters. workshops at home building supply stores to Home Hazard Hunt interactive games for kids. New and Revised Earthquake Each year, FEMA also exhibits and presents at Publications and Guidance numerous hazard-related conferences and expositions across the United States. Some of Reducing the Risks of Nonstructural the FEMA NEHRP outreach programs are Earthquake Damage: A Practical Guide, described below. Fourth Edition, FEMA E-74 CD, December 2012, printed August 2014 National Building Safety Month ROVER Version 2, FEMA P-154 ROVER National Building Safety Month is a public CD, September 2014 awareness campaign held each May for the last Homebuilders Guide to Earthquake 34 years. Founded by the ICC, the Building Resistant Design and Construction, Safety Month campaign focuses on public FEMA P-232 CD, June 2006, printed May outreach and education to increase the overall 2014 safety and sustainability of buildings through Evaluation of Earthquake Damaged the adoption of modern building codes and the Concrete and Masonry Walls, FEMA promotion of code enforcement. For the 2014 306/307/308 CD, May 1999, printed Building Safety Month, FEMA hosted May 2014 Earthquake Home Hazard Hunt Poster, FEMA V-528, September 2014 Drop, Cover and Hold On Poster (English and Spanish Editions), FEMA V-529, September 2014 NEHRP Recommended Seismic Provisions for New and Existing Buildings: A Compendium, FEMA P-753 DVD, September 2014 Home and Business Earthquake Safety community events and conducted an array of and Mitigation: A Train-the-Trainer outreach activities in support of the 2014 Course, FEMA P-909 CD, June 2014 theme, Building Safety: Maximizing Resilience, Multi-hazard Mitigation and Design Minimizing Risks. Concepts: Wind, Flood, and Earthquake 8

13 Beginning in May 2014, FEMA supported the Earthquake Country Alliance, the USGS, the Designing for Disaster exhibition at the four Regional earthquake consortia, State National Building Museum in Washington, D.C. Earthquake Program Managers, the private The exhibition, which runs through August sector and many others. All FEMA Regional 2015, investigates how and where to build offices and FEMA Headquarters participated in communities that are safer and more disaster- ShakeOut this year. resilient. Activities at the National Building Museum sponsored by FEMA included the distribution of teaching kits to educators from the District of Columbia, Maryland, and Virginia during workshops in August. The kit teaches students in grades 7-9 about the tools used by design professionals to lessen the effects of natural disasters on structures, communities, and people. A Presidential Proclamation for Building Safety FEMA Corps members demonstrated the Drop, Cover, Hold On drill at the National Building Museum in Washington, DC. Month was issued for the fourth time in 2014. The Building Science Branch championed the original effort for a Proclamation, which emphasized that building safety is a critical 20th Anniversary of the Northridge component of personal and public safety, and Earthquake the collective responsibility of the Nation to In January 2014, FEMA participated in the implement effective codes and standards to Northridge 20 Symposium commemorating the sustain safe and resilient structures. 20th anniversary of the Northridge earthquake. Branch staff served on the ShakeOut Symposium Organizing Committee, co- On October 17, 2013, at 10:17 a.m. local time, organized and co-moderated the Wood Frame more than 20 million people around the world and Soft Story Buildings Session. The participated in Great ShakeOut Earthquake Symposium featured eight presentations on Drills, an annual event held since 2008 to FEMA products and related work. Staff promote earthquake readiness by practicing exhibited at the Symposium and distributed Drop, Cover and Hold On and other aspects several hundred FEMA publications. FEMA of emergency plans. In 2013, 44 States and U.S. Headquarters and Regional staff also Territories were officially involved, with 20 participated in many other conferences and states/territories involved for the first time workshops, including the July 2014 10th (American Samoa, CNMI, Delaware, Hawaii, National Conference on Earthquake West Virginia, USVI, and nine states of the Engineering, held in conjunction with the EERI Northeast). Annual Meeting which commemorated the 50- year anniversary of the 1964 Alaska earthquake The success of ShakeOut is due in part to direct and tsunami. Staff served on the Conference financial support from FEMA NEHRP and the Organizing Committee and moderated a very active involvement and support from Plenary Session on Mega-Disasters: Planning FEMA Preparedness, Regional staff, SCEC (as and Design for An Unsettled Planet, and a lead ShakeOut organizer globally), the concurrent session on Tsunami Risk 9

14 Assessment, which featured four talks on the and Design Concepts: Wind, Flood, and new FEMA Tsunami HAZUS module. The Earthquake Training Videos, FEMA P-940 CD, Symposium featured 12 presentations on FEMA March 2014, and Home and Business products and related work. FEMA also shared a Earthquake Safety and Mitigation, FEMA P-909 display booth with ATC and distributed its new CD, June 2014. popular Earthquake Program flash drives and hundreds of FEMA publications. Cooperative Agreements FEMA works in close partnership with the States and organizations such as EERI, FLASH, SCEC and the four Regional earthquake consortia: NESEC, CUSEC, WSSPC, and CREW. The earthquake consortia are long-time partners of FEMA and play an invaluable role in coordinating multi-State response and recovery Multi-hazard Mitigation and Design Concepts: Wind, planning and in public awareness, education, Flood, and Earthquake Training Videos, FEMA P-940 CD. and outreach. The consortia are also very active partners in the ShakeOut earthquake drills that take place across the United States. The National Earthquake Technical Assistance Program An important focus of these cooperative Through NETAP, the Branch supports training in agreements in FY 2014 was support to the earthquake mitigation topics at the State and States (see Section III of this report). FEMA local level. The courses are conducted by ATC, coordinates with these grantees to help carry under contract to FEMA, and are designed for out local and Regional earthquake risk State and local building personnel, facilities reduction, including mitigation planning, managers, and other groups. Training topics are property inventory and inspection of critical related to the mitigation of earthquake risk and facilities, updating building codes and zoning include ATC-20, FEMA 154, FEMA E-74, FEMA ordinances, outreach and education, and the P-646, FEMA P-807, and FEMA P-154 ROVER. development of multi-State groups in support NETAP-supported training is provided on site, of local earthquake and other multi-hazard with courses typically one day or less in initiatives. duration, and via webinars. In FY 2014, in- person training was provided through NETAP Training via 80 courses to participants in 14 States and FEMA is continually developing and updating U.S. Territories. training courses for its many audiences, conducting training in venues across the United Other Earthquake Training States and via webinars, and sponsoring and FEMA also supported earthquake training hosting training. Training conducted, hosted or through its cooperative agreements with the sponsored by FEMA NEHRP in FY 2014 reached four earthquake consortia. For example, CUSEC more than 5,000 constituents. More worked with FEMA and other partners, constituents were trained independently including the Insurance Institute for Business & through educational training tools developed Home Safety (IBHS), FLASH, and local by the Branch, such as Multi-hazard Mitigation emergency management, to develop and host a 10

15 Building Code Public Forum in October 2013 for NEHRP, the States, and their partners. As in approximately 80 local officials and public and previous years, the NEPM provided an excellent building design professionals. Speakers venue for sharing knowledge, expertise, and included representatives from FLASH, IBHS, best practices. Some of the activities carried New Zealand, local government, the private out by the FEMA Regions in FY 2014 are sector, and CUSEC. Under contract with EERI, described below. the Branch also sponsored four technical education seminars on Next Generation In addition to ShakeOut, Region I held two Attenuation (NGA) for Seismic Mapping in the NETAP trainings and emergency management West. The seminars were done in conjunction sessions, and presented on earthquakes at a with the Pacific Earthquake Engineering May 2014 conference hosted by the University Research Center, and were held in Salt Lake of Massachusetts-Boston Center for Rebuilding City, Long Beach, Seattle and San Francisco in Sustainable Communities after Disasters. EERI November 2013. also started up a New England Chapter in 2014, which is great news for Region I. Regional Activities In Region II, Caribbean Area Division (CAD), a The FEMA HQ staff works closely with their ShakeOut web page for the Virgin Islands was counterparts at the Regional level to support completed and Puerto Rico hosted a ShakeOut effective partnerships with the States and local press conference with the FEMA CAD Director. communities to implement and execute NEHRP The January 13, 2014 6.4 magnitude and multi-hazard risk reduction activities. On a earthquake in San Juan generated a significant day-to-day basis, FEMA Regional partners demand for earthquake awareness and support local outreach, training delivery outreach materials. In response to the through NETAP and other venues, oversight earthquake, a Region II CAD monthly and execution of cooperative agreements, newsletter was devoted to earthquakes. disaster operations, and technical assistance on local projects. Their active involvement and In 2014, the Catastrophic Plan for earthquakes support ensures that the NEHRP mission, in Puerto Rico was revised and the annual building codes, standards and other building LANTEC exercise took place on March 26, 2014, science principles are integrated in local at 10:05 a.m. As in previous years, Puerto Rico mitigation planning, grant decisions, and other participated in the exercise. local activities. In Region III, increasing state participation in In April 2014, FEMA HQ and Regional staff ShakeOut was a tremendous effort and gathered in Denver with State earthquake accomplishment. A new ShakeOut region, the program managers for the 2014 NEPM Great NorthEast ShakeOut had 302,247 meeting. This important event, held every year, participants. is largely a result of the commitment of FEMA Although the primary hazard in Region III is flooding, earthquakes are now being recognized, in large part as a result of the August 2011 Mineral, Virginia earthquake. In March 2015, Region III will hold a meeting to evaluate earthquake risk assessment in the 11

16 Washington, D.C. and Maryland State Plans and 11 in Oklahoma. In addition, an outreach provide recommendations, where required. webinar on earthquakes and how to prepare This action comes about to instill a connection for them for the general public was developed between the earthquake program and State by FEMA, the USGS, CUSEC, and Oklahoma. Plans scheduled for review. In Region VII, Missouri hosted an earthquake Region IV worked on a South Carolina ROVER exhibit at the 2013 conference of the Missouri project and a seismic safety for schools project. School Boards Association (October 3-6, 2013) Volunteers from the Citadel in South Carolina and Regional staff presented at the Missouri coordinated with FEMA officials on a non- Association for Museums and Archives on structural mitigation project that was rolled out FEMA emergency mitigation and planning. in July. Other work in South Carolina included NETAP training for building inspectors (ATC- Regional staff worked with staff from Missouri 20/FEMA 154/ROVER, FEMA P-909, and FEMA and FLASH on the QuakeSmart Business E-74) and a week of school inventory work in Summit to coincide with the New Madrid Charleston County using ROVER. A summary Earthquake anniversary in February 2015. The best practices SOP for the ROVER project is event drew more than 100 attendees who were being developed for the other FEMA Regions. In introduced to the QuakeSmart Business Toolkit addition, successful outreach work was (FEMA P-811) and the QuakeSmart Community conducted in the southern Appalachian part of Resilience Program. Alabama. The third Central United States ShakeOut was In 2014, Region V moved forward with held on February 7th, to commemorate the ShakeOut activities. Illinois staff worked on a bicentennial of the 1812 New Madrid NETAP training class in suburban Chicago in earthquake. The drill spanned nine states with January 2014, and there were ongoing more than 2.9 million participants. response preparations in Indiana and Illinois and work on earthquake assessment teams. An important Region VIII activity was the Fix the Bricks campaign in Salt Lake City. One of the campaign events was a street fair in The Avenues neighborhood in Salt Lake City where most of the unreinforced masonry (URM) buildings are located. A YouTube video was produced by Region VIII staff for the campaign and the Structural Engineers Association of Region VI collaborated with Preparedness staff Utah completed an updated URM Guide for on ShakeOut, with a focus on increasing school Homeowners. participation and generating publicity through newspapers. FEMA HQ staff presented on the Utah held its second Great Utah ShakeOut on Building Science role in NEHRP at the April 17, 2013. Other activities and events of earthquake conference held in Dallas in note in Utah included the passage of legislation February 2014. related to the seismic safety of schools built before 1975, Hazard Mitigation Grant Program ATC-20/FEMA 154 training was held on July 20 (HMGP) funding for a liquefaction project for and July 25, 2014 in Arkansas and on June 10- Salt Lake County, and development of a trailer 12

17 with a Shake Table for middle schools and high Committee meeting of California Earthquake schools. Early Warning System. This work and project materials should have national applications and Region VIII staff provided the FEMA briefing at implications. In addition, staff attended a joint the 2014 WSSPC Annual Meeting in Anchorage, Nevada Seismic Council and the California Alaska. Staff also visited EERI in September with Seismic Safety Commission meeting in August a Geo Platform expert to discuss the 2014. A topic on the agenda was the geology publication of Visio information on the and paleo features of historic earthquakes on Platform. the California-Nevada border. In Region IX, NETAP training was held in the In addition to NETAP training, the Region X Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Preparedness Directorate helped support a 5-K Islands, Hawaii, Guam, and Nevada. On March Tsunami Fun Run in Canon Beach, Oregon at 5, Regional staff participated in a FEMA P-807 the end of September. The event, which is new webinar and attended a Whole Community to Region X and is coordinated by Oregon staff, Preparedness Workshop in Region IX offices in featured exhibit booths and T-shirts and was April. aligned with NETAP training. Region IX staff participated in the Cascadia Subduction Zone functional exercise on May 14, along with British Columbia, Washington, and Oregon, and attended a Steering 13

18 III. FEMA Earthquake Assistance to the States and U.S. Territories Region I involved the participation of State, Territorial and Federal agency staff. The objectives for the Maine exercise included the testing of operational In Maine FEMA 154 data (from Rapid Visual coordination and communication, situational Screening for Buildings) was collected by assessment, and the management of public and student interns over the course of two private resources and requests for resources. summers. The students were trained on FEMA P-154 and provided electronic devices to record Puerto Rico continued to be actively involved in data. They coordinated with county and local ShakeOut activities. Activities included press officials, visited all jurisdictions in Maine, and releases, updates to the ShakeOut web page collected data on critical public buildings in and the hosting of a ShakeOut press conference each. They then uploaded the data into a with the FEMA CAD Director. database, which was subsequently retrieved and used by NESEC to analyze potential U. S. Virgin Islands damages statewide (Maine) using HAZUS. FEMA earthquake funding to the U. S. Virgin Lastly, analyses of the data were briefed by Islands was used to support and encourage NESEC to the Director of the State Emergency participation in the Great U.S. Virgin Islands Management Agency. ShakeOut. Activities in FY 2014 included updated to the ShakeOut web page, press Vermont releases and media advisories, and updates to a Vermont activities included the completion of calendar of ShakeOut related events. soils mapping for the risk analysis project, planning for mitigation outreach, as well as the completion of NETAP training in November. Region III The District of Columbia and States in Region III (Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Region II and Region II Caribbean and West Virginia) did not receive earthquake Area Division (CAD) assistance funds from FEMA in FY 2014; however, a number of planning, outreach, and educational activities were undertaken by New York Region III States. New York did not receive earthquake assistance funds from FEMA in FY 2014; however, a number of planning, outreach, and educational Region IV activities were undertaken by New York. Alabama Puerto Rico Alabama FY 2014 NEHRP and state funded A primary focus in Region II CAD was the Blue activities included the New Madrid Capstone Surge functional exercise held on May 21-23, Earthquake Exercise, the ShakeOut campaign 2013. The exercise, which was based on a and drill, and planning for the FY 2015 catastrophic earthquake and tsunami in the ShakeOut campaign and drill. Caribbean about 90 miles from Puerto Rico, 14

19 During the New Madrid Capstone Earthquake Mississippis participation in the CAPSTONE-14 Exercise, Alabama supported Mississippi and Multi-State Exercise resulted in improved Tennessee by moving resources through the coordination and communication regarding state, assisting evacuees in need of shelter and transportation routes, Emergency Management supporting mass care issues. The State Assistance Compact (EMAC), and resource Emergency Operations Center activation was a management. Additionally, overall Level 1 and emphasized Situational Awareness communication within the state, State and Pre-scripted Mutual Aid and Emergency Response Team (SERT) Mobilization. Day two of the exercise coordination, and private sector coordination emphasized Mobilization and Response; day were all improved through their participation in three - Medical Surge and Evacuation with full CAPSTONE-14. EMAC Operations; day four - Mass Care, VOAD and Donated Goods; and day five - Demobilization and Recovery. A geographic information system supported the Common Operating Pictures during the entire Capstone Exercise. Additionally, Mississippi used funds for HAZUS analysis to determine vulnerabilities and Alabama had a very successful FY 2014 shortcomings of existing data and modeling of ShakeOut campaign and drill with over 11,000 one at-risk county. Alabama residents participating. North Carolina Kentucky North Carolina did not receive earthquake In FY 2014, 429,919 participants in Kentucky assistance funds from FEMA in FY 2014; registered for the 2013 October Great Central however, a number of planning, outreach, and U.S. ShakeOut. With its earthquake assistance educational activities were undertaken by funds, Kentucky updated its Earthquake North Carolina. Program website, the Facebook Earthquake Program Page and issued a Governor's South Carolina Earthquake Awareness Week Proclamation and During FY 2014, South Carolina continued to press release. coordinate and collaborate with state and local government agencies, non-government Mississippi organizations, and universities to increase the Activities in Mississippi focused on increased States readiness for an earthquake. The South outreach and participation in the Great Central Carolina Emergency Management Division U.S. ShakeOut and the CAPSTONE-14 Multi- (SCEMD) participated in the Capstone-14 Multi- State Exercise. Mississippi used speaking State Exercise as a supporting state to the New engagements, publication updates and Madrid Earthquake States. This collaborative distribution, websites, social media, press effort marked a critical milestone in the releases, print ads, and media events to development and implementation of vital encourage statewide participation in the systems to greatly improve the collective ShakeOut Drill. Total participation in Mississippi response to earthquake disasters. for the 2013 ShakeOut was 226,552. In partnership with the Citadel School of Engineering and FEMA, SCEMD conducted four 15

20 certified training classes. These classes were: and GIS developers who generated the scenario FEMA 154 Pre-Earthquake Inspection process; and tools, which allowed the exercise to ATC-20 Post-Earthquake Inspection Process; succeed. FEMA 74 Non-Structural Mitigation; FEMA P- 909 Home and Business Earthquake Safety and After nearly twenty years of study and Mitigation; and Rapid Observation of negotiation, the Memphis/Shelby County Vulnerability and Evaluation of Risk (ROVER) government approved strengthened software. The educational focus was commercial seismic building codes which was determining the seismic vulnerability of passed and recommended by Tennessee State facilities pre-disaster and post-disaster. As part government codes officials. of the courses, students put their training into Tennessee also coordinated the establishment practice with several days of hands-on of a state-wide volunteer coalition (TNSAVE) to experience. provide training and certification for post- disaster building assessment teams. With South Carolina also participated in the second assistance from CUSEC and the Tennessee annual Southeast ShakeOut Earthquake Drill on Emergency Management Agency (TEMA), this October 17, 2013 with approximately 238,000 non-profit coalition is made up of nine state- South Carolinians participating. The Governor wide associations representing engineers, issued a Proclamation to coincide with the drill architects, building codes officials and private- proclaiming the week as SC Earthquake sector construction and builders groups. The Awareness Week. The South Carolina TNSAVE goal is to provide trained volunteers Earthquake Guide was awarded one of the ten who can respond to disasters for assessment Notable State Document awards for 2014. The within Tennessee and be used to support the award is conferred to recognize state post-disaster assessment needs of surrounding governmental publications of outstanding merit states through the EMAC process. and usefulness to the citizens of South Carolina. Tennessee During FY2014, Tennessee coordinated the design and development of the multi-state New Madrid Seismic Zone response exercise, CAPSTONE14. This regional exercise, which Region V coordinated hundreds of responders from FEMA Region IV, V, VI and VII, developed the Illinois concept of State and local jurisdictional February is Earthquake Preparedness Month in responders partnering with private sector Illinois. Preparedness and awareness activities assets to visually identify GIS-generated were conducted in February and throughout damage assessment information. This the year, including news releases and assessment information can then be shared publication updates and distribution. Work through digital computer platforms and continued on the Earthquake School Hazard displayed so that decision makers at multiple Hunt and was completed early in 2014. levels can quickly determine where Mission- Ready-Packaged (MRP) equipment and Illinois participated in the February and personnel can be rushed to the most critically October 2013 ShakeOut drills. Before each affected disaster sites. Tennessee hosted the IT ShakeOut, Illinois encouraged participation 16

21 through a combination of mailings, personal earthquake activity. However, in recent years contacts, websites and social media, print and Oklahoma, an area that historically averages an radio ads, and media events. Registrants annual 1.5 earthquakes of magnitude 3 or numbered 592,616 for the February ShakeOut greater, has provided evidence that the and 526,134 for the October ShakeOut. innovations, such as high-volume fracturing, that has spurred the U.S. oil and gas boom are Indiana causing the rate of earthquakes to spike. Staff in Indiana participated with CUSEC on Oklahoma now averages 2.5 earthquakes with CAPSTONE-14 planning conferences, workshops a magnitude 3 or higher every 24 hours. This and meetings, and worked with the Indiana drastic increase is a direct result of the large Building Emergency Assessment and amount of waste created by activities such as Monitoring to train for future events. In fracturing. The Oklahoma Geological Survey addition, staff and the Polis Center worked on released a report in April that states that the the Indiana Earthquake Assessment for the preponderance of evidence shows that it is 2014 State Mitigation Plan. very likely that the influx of seismic activity directly correlates to the subsurface injection of wastewater. Under the new directive, disposal Region VI well operators must prove that they are not injecting below the Arbuckle formation given Arkansas the geological communitys consensus that any Arkansas was able to create the INSPARK disposal below it will risk inducing seismic (INSPect ARKansas) program to have a activity. Since then, wells have begun the formalized systematic approach to managing process to reduce their depth, and limit their building inspectors. Arkansas also hosted a injection rate. successful Shake-Out event, continued the Arkansas Governors Earthquake Advisory Region VII Council meetings and purchased earthquake related books for counties by request. Missouri The Missouri Seismic Safety and Geological Oklahoma Survey participated at the "Forces of Nature" NETAP training was provided to Oklahoma June event at the Columbia Public Schools 10-11, 2014. The courses provided were FEMA Planetarium in Columbia, MO on Saturday, 154, ATC-20 and ROVER. These classes provided November 9, 2013. In addition, more than training to more than 100 (combined total of 400,000 people were registered to participate attendees) engineers, architects, emergency in the Missouri ShakeOut Drill in October 2014. managers, and first responders in Oklahoma. Oklahoma continues to receive additional earthquake training requests. The Region VIII training received excellent evaluations and generated more interest in the subject than Colorado ever before. Multi-hazard activities support earthquake project work in Colorado. FEMA NEHRP funds The scientific community has known for years were used for a Statewide hazard analysis (by that injecting waste fluid into deep disposal county) and for local hazard mitigation wells can, on rare occasion, result in planning. Colorado also participated in the first 17

22 2014 Rocky Mountain ShakeOut on October Utah 17, 2013. FEMA and the Utah Department of Emergency Management (UDEM) are continuing their work Montana on a joint FEMA Region 8 and State of Utah The Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology Catastrophic Earthquake Plan. Two years prior (MBMG) used its earthquake assistance funding to the 2012 Great Utah ShakeOut, FEMA and to make Montanas 1982-2014 earthquake the Utah Division of Emergency Management catalog available as a data layer on MBMGs started gathering detailed data on the resource Online Mapping Application, providing visual, shortfalls of the State following a major easy and versatile access to Montanas earthquake. Meetings were held with extensive historical earthquake record. representatives from city, county, state and Improved access to this dataincluding current federal agencies along with some private sector seismicitywill enhance Montanas earthquake partners. The two year process developed the and seismic hazard education and outreach joint response plan that was exercised in the efforts. 2012 Full Scale Exercise and 2014 Earthquake Program Reports. The current planning process involves the same participants and will better define the short falls of the state following a major earthquake. The goal of this planning process is to have all of the initial FEMA push packages of needed resources immediately deployed into the disaster area. Wyoming Wyoming participated in ShakeOut for the second year. This year, Wyoming had its own 'Great Wyoming ShakeOut' with a participation increase of more than 500 percent over 2013 A map of the Montana Bureau of Mines and Geologys (in 2013, Wyoming participated in The Great Online Mapping Application. Rocky Mountain ShakeOut.) The success of this year's Great Wyoming ShakeOut was the direct Montana also participated in its first ShakeOut result of more widespread promotional on October 23, 2013. More than 107,000 efforts. First, the drill was announced and Montana residents, about 10 percent of the promoted at a quarterly meeting to Wyoming's States population, participated in this 23 County Coordinators and two tribes. inaugural event coordinated by the Earthquake Additionally, ShakeOut flyers were distributed Country Alliance (ECA), the Governors Office of and the drill was presented to school districts in Community Service, the MBMG, the State of face-to-face meetings with superintendents. Montana Disaster and Emergency Services, and The ShakeOut link was also on the Wyoming the American Red Cross of Montana. The buy-in Office of Homeland Security's website and and participation of local groups was critical to highlighted via social media, and a press release the success of the ShakeOut drill, which was resulted in several follow-up interviews with featured by nearly all major TV outlets in media outlets around the state. Montana as well as in print media and radio. 18

23 Region IX County Emergency Management offices, American Red Cross, EarthScope, municipal emergency management offices, State agencies American Samoa and the K-12 community. Activities in American Samoa focused on education, outreach, training, drills, exercises, California media campaigns, and regional collaboration. On August 24, 2014 a magnitude 6.0 Island-wide participation in the Great American earthquake occurred in Napa which resulted in Samoa ShakeOut has continued with a focus on one death and caused more than $87 million in schools and government employees. American public losses and led to a disaster declaration Samoa promoted ShakeOut and recruited 5,102 declared on Sept. 11, 2014. In response to the participants. To support public outreach, event the California Earthquake Clearinghouse education, and awareness, posters, drill provided a centralized coordination center manuals, and earthquake preparedness presentations were developed, conducted and distributed during pre-ShakeOut events. Drop, Cover, Hold On signs, posters, and radio and newspaper advertisements were prominent throughout the year. These outreach materials explained earthquake safety tips, general where engineers, geologists, seismologists, seismic hazard terms, and served as a visual sociologists, economists, and other reminder of what to do in case an earthquake professionals could coordinate the gathering of occurs. This form of earthquake mitigation and information, maximizing the use of its education has been a prominent tactic in public resources and capabilities. After the Napa earthquake messaging in American Samoa. Earthquake, the Seismic Safety Commission conducted public hearings to assess seismic Arizona safety issues and investigate earthquake More than 116,000 Arizonians participated in damage and reconstruction efforts. the Great Arizona ShakeOut, which was an 86 percent increase from the previous year. Over nine million people and organizations Arizona built a new promotional campaign participated in the Great California ShakeOut. using ShakeOut superhero kids to engage and The California Office of Emergency Services (Cal excite the K-12 community. This campaign, OES), along with the Southern California coupled with the aggressive recruiting of Earthquake Center (SCEC) at the University of schools, resulted in more than 84,000 K-12 Southern California, and the California students and faculty participating in ShakeOut Earthquake Authority (CEA) promoted 2013. Arizona media reporting of ShakeOut ShakeOut activities to demonstrate the ways 2013 increased dramatically; more than 50 people can protect themselves during media outlets from around the State provided earthquakes. coverage. ShakeOut participation targeted high risk communities, schools, and government In 2014, Cal OES continued its coordination agencies. Regional outreach and networking with California Earthquake Authority to also continued as ShakeOut partners and implement an incentive program to help stakeholders expanded to include the Arizona homeowners seismically retrofit their homes. Division of Emergency Management, Arizona The resources for this program, called the California Residential Mitigation Program 19

24 (CRMP), come from the CEA Earthquake Loss Guams Earthquake Program received multiple Mitigation Fund. The program, called the Bolt + NETAP trainings in FY14 to include FEMA E-74 Brace Program, focuses on helping the retrofit Reducing the Risks of Nonstructural Earthquake of wood-frame family dwellings and has been Damage; FEMA P-749 Earthquake-Resistant piloted in two California Communities, the Los Design Concepts: An Introduction to the NEHRP Angeles neighborhood of Eagle Rock and the Recommended Seismic Provisions for New Rockridge neighborhood of Oakland. Buildings and Other Structures; FEMA P-767 Earthquake Mitigation for Hospitals; and FEMA On September 3-5, 2014, Cal OES and partner P-909 and Train-the-Trainer, Home and agencies participated in the 3rd International Business Earthquake Safety and Mitigation. Earthquake Early Warning Conference, organized and sponsored by UC Berkeley, Guam worked closely with FLASH to produce USGS, CalTech, the Moore Foundation, and the and print Finn and Fern Earthquake and University of Washington. The three-day Tsunami Activity Book to include Guams meeting brought together scientists, policy Tsunami Mikenna and Ginessa Quake to makers, engineers, social scientists and promote earthquake preparedness. business representatives from public and private sector institutions to examine the state Hawaii of the art in earthquake early warning today In 2013, more than 15,000 Hawaiians and to innovate new ways to push the participated in the Great Hawaiis ShakeOut. technology forward. The focus of Hawaiis Earthquake Program Guam included the activities of the Hawaii State Since 2010, Guam has participated in the Great Earthquake Advisory Committee (HSEAC), Guam ShakeOut with 38,000 residents pledging earthquake public outreach projects, their support to become earthquake prepared. awareness and resilience projects, and In FY 2014, that number increased to 67,963 participation in the Great Hawaii ShakeOut. residents. Hawaiis goal is to promote seismic safety, education, mitigation and awareness Guam Homeland Security/Office of Civil throughout the islands for citizens and tourists. Defense (GHS/OCD) continues to schedule To accomplish this, Hawaii has partnered with Earthquake Preparedness outreach at schools, members of the scientific and technical government agencies and private agencies to community, including universities, scientists, become better prepared for an Earthquake and engineers, planners, and others in county, State other disasters. and Federal agencies. Producing outreach materials, such as Hawaiis public outreach program addresses Earthquake Ready cards and brochures, has earthquake risks by developing and been beneficial in increasing awareness and disseminating outreach tools, publications, and education for the community. The Earthquake presentations. The approach incorporates Preparedness Media Campaign continues to elements of outreach to the public as well as an benefit the community to help them become effort to provide hazards awareness training to earthquake prepared. Hawaiis school teachers in the context of enhancement of their natural sciences curriculum. 20

25 Nevada Finally, in August 2014, the Nevada Earthquake Outreach in Nevada included the Great Nevada Safety Council had a very successful joint ShakeOut which has continued to increase in workshop with the California Seismic Safety participation throughout Nevada from 116,000 Commission. There is an increased likelihood of in its inaugural year to over 560,000 an earthquake event happening somewhere participants in FY 2014. The Nevada along the Nevada-California border. Moving Seismological Laboratory used the Big Shaker forward, participants envision working together simulation truck to attract more attention to on future projects for the benefit of both states the ShakeOut event with additional promotion with regard to earthquake safety. including distribution of earthquake educational materials, press releases, and Region X media events throughout the state. Alaska Additionally, Clark County completed an On October 9, 2013, Alaska received a delivery unreinforced masonry (URM) verification of FEMA 154 and E-74 from ATC at their Fall project for unincorporated Clark County in Preparedness Conference. There were about 80 2014, which included sending two student people from tribal governments and other engineers from the University of Nevada, Las statewide jurisdictions in attendance for both Vegas (UNLV), under the supervision of Clark courses. In late January/early February 2014, County staff engineers, into the field to conduct Alaska also began working with the Alaskan this URM survey. Clark County partnered with Seismic Hazards Safety Commission (ASHSC) on the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute a Rapid Visual Screening (RVS) pilot study of (EERI) to utilize additional funds through the Alaska K-12 schools. National Earthquake Hazard Reduction Program (NEHRP) for this project. The project allowed Alaska also increased earthquake awareness Clark County to develop a more accurate listing and education for the 50th Anniversary of the of actual URM buildings in Clark County. Good Friday Earthquake (1964). The goal is to develop, plan and implement an earthquake Nevada also supported a Pre-Disaster and tsunami outreach campaign, culminating Mitigation project with the Clark County School and extending beyond the 50th Anniversary in District in 2014. With over 316,0000 students 2014. and 37,000 employees, Clark County School District continues to be one of the fastest growing school districts in the United States and is the fifth largest school district in the Nation. In an effort to reduce the loss of life and property in such an event, Clark County School District applied for and was awarded Pre-Disaster Mitigation funding to install automatic seismic gas shut-off valves on gas lines leading into their schools and administrative buildings in two phases, with the second phase to be completed by February 2016. Map of southern Alaska showing the epicenter of the 1964 Great Alaska earthquake. 21

26 As part of the campaign, the Alaska Division of with a simple guide to evaluate existing homes Homeland Security Preparedness and Planning and determine if certain improvements will Teams developed new outreach tools to reduce the risk of earthquake damage. showcase at different venues throughout Alaska. The tools are designed to demonstrate Oregon has continually supported the effects of earthquakes and tsunamis, and to preparedness and outreach efforts to local educate school children, citizens, and local communities. Oregon participates in the yearly jurisdictions on what they can do to mitigate ShakeOut exercise, with more than 271,000 their effects. Target outcomes are to maximize Oregonians participating in the 2013 annual participation in the 2014 Great Alaska Shakeout Drop, Cover and Hold On drill. In addition to by all Alaska school districts, State and local preparedness initiatives, Oregon is working on jurisdictions, businesses, and private non-profit long-term resiliency through the development organization, and to conduct outreach in as of the Oregon Resiliency Plan. The Oregon many at-risk communities as possible. Seismic Safety Policy Advisory Commission has assembled eight task groups of volunteer Idaho subject-matter experts from government, This year was the third Idaho ShakeOut and universities, the private sector and the public to over 103,000 participants registered for the develop the portfolio of chapters that make up event. As part of the 2013 activities, Idaho the Resiliency Plan. developed a new version of the Putting Down Roots in Earthquake Country handbook. Washington NETAP training focused on schools in seven Staff from Washington Emergency school districts and 140 buildings. Management helped to deliver NETAP training in FEMA 154 RVS and ATC-20, Earthquake Oregon Mitigation for Hospitals (FEMA P-767), and The City of Portland, Bureau of Development Reducing Risks of Nonstructural Earthquake Services, has developed a new Residential Damage (E-74). The courses were taught in Seismic Strengthening Program to help Aberdeen, Spokane, Tacoma, and Everett and residents make their homes more secure in the reached about 200 participants. Washington next earthquake. The program is designed to also held State and local tsunami workgroup reduce the meetings focused on the design and likelihood of implementation of vertical evacuation safe severe damage havens along the Washington coast; tsunami to homes as a public education Train-the-Trainer Courses; result of new public education products, evacuation and displacement assembly area signage; NOAA/National from the Weather Service Updates; distribution of NOAA foundation or weather radios to low income families; training crippling of walls for hospitality industry employees; the Great in an Washington ShakeOut; and community earthquake. The evacuation drills. program provides Residential Seismic During the third year of the Great Washington homeowners Strengthening, Methods to Reduce ShakeOut, more than 864,000 Washingtonians Potential Earthquake Damage and contractors Flyer registered for the drill - an increase of 150,606 22

27 participants from the inaugural Washington ShakeOut in 2012. 23

28 IV. Regional Earthquake Consortia and FEMA Earthquake Partners Cascadia Region Earthquake application of research. As part of its public Workgroup awareness program, staff presented at two Arkansas Governors Seismic Advisory Council CREW is a coalition of private and public meetings, and conducted a ShakeOut representatives working together to improve presentation and a Drop, Cover, and Hold On the ability of communities throughout the demonstration at Reel Foot Lake Tennessee Cascadia Region (Northern California, Oregon, State Park. Other outreach activities included a Washington, and British Columbia) to reduce presentation on earthquake hazards to State the effects of earthquakes and related hazards, Farm Insurance regional employees based on a such as tsunami. Since the mid-1990s, CREW New Madrid earthquake scenario and an has created several publications, including Earthquake Safety and Preparedness for scenarios, post-disaster recovery guides, and Schools webinar held in partnership with FEMA other educational materials accessible on Region IV, USGS, and Louisa County Schools for CREWs website. CREW is composed of mostly school administrators and facility managers. volunteer representatives that help foster The webinar focused on lessons learned for linkages between scientists, businesses, and schools following the 2011 Mineral, Virginia government agencies on earthquake resiliency. earthquake. CUSEC also set up a display booth at Career Day at Georgian Hills Middle School in CREW supported Washington media Memphis and discussed emergency partnerships with news outlets across the State management career options with the kids and for the 2014 Great Washington ShakeOut. school faculty. CREW was able to position the Great Washington ShakeOut in the appropriate media markets, at the appropriate times, and at the best price. This resulted in media partners matching strategic investments made by CREW, and the production and airing brief segments with local television personalities promoting the Great Washington ShakeOut and encouraging viewers and listeners to register for the drill and take additional steps to ShakeOut continues to be CUSECs largest become better prepared for earthquake investment effort. In FY 2014, CUSEC was the disasters. lead for both the Great Central US ShakeOut and the Great South East ShakeOut, which had Central United States Earthquake a combined participation of nearly 5 million. Consortium CUSEC also organized the ShakeOut kickoff event at the National Building Museum in CUSEC FY 2014 accomplishments fell under the Washington, D.C. where a demonstration four organizational areas of public awareness ShakeOut drill for media and attendees was and education, mitigation, planning and the conducted in partnership with FEMA. 24

29 Participating states included Alabama, The Northeast States Emergency Consortium Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, (NESEC) was established in 1991 and is located Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, in Wakefield, Massachusetts. NESEC develops, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Ohio, promotes and coordinates comprehensive "all- Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, hazards" emergency management activities West Virginia and Washington D.C. throughout the Northeast. This includes all phases of emergency management: CUSEC was the lead organizer of the 2014 preparedness, response, recovery and National Earthquake Program Managers mitigation. NESEC includes the member States meeting in Denver at FEMA Region VIII offices. of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New This years meeting was an important milestone Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Rhode in helping State Earthquake Program Managers Island and Vermont. to take ownership of their programs. A position paper developed at the meeting on the importance of State programs was submitted to the National Emergency Management Association (NEMA). NEMA adopted the paper and among other resolutions decided that NEMA should establish an earthquake subcommittee composed of State Directors and experts in the field to combat the challenges of NEHRP and develop solutions. NESEC participated and supported a FEMA Additionally, the advancement of the building Region I initiative to regroup and revitalize the inspector program was achieved for the first New England Hazus Users Group (NEHUG). time in the history of the NEHRP program. Coordination meetings were held to develop Traditionally a focused mitigation training and implement a revitalization strategy. NESEC effort with ATC-20/154, through the creation of with FEMA Region I have implemented a the Building Inspector Resource Deployment process to attract and engage a diverse group (BIRD), CUSEC began developing Mission Ready of regional stakeholders who are committed to Packages (MRPs) that were placed into a collaborating for the integration and national database with the Emergency advancement of Hazus loss estimation software Management Assistance Compact (EMAC). The to support sustainable, disaster-resilient MRPs were also placed into a the Mutual Aid communities. A major goal is to use Hazus Support System (MASS) which provides a generated results for hazard mitigation means to geospatially see the building planning and to meet the plan requirements of inspector packages, as well as all other MRPs; Disaster Mitigation Act (DMA) 2000. greatly accelerating lifesaving efforts. This effort was highlighted at the White House NESEC participated for the first time ever in the Innovation for Disaster Response and Recovery national and international 2013 ShakeOut. This Initiative Demo Day. was the first year that NESEC states organized as an Official ShakeOut Region. NESEC, in Northeast States Emergency partnership with FEMA, USC and state Consortium government coordinated recruitment across the entire region. The final numbers show that 25

30 290,000 people from across the Northeast US 1) Presentation of findings regarding seismic registered to participate in the 2013 Great site classification, shaking amplification and Northeast ShakeOut. liquefaction potential in mapped areas in Chittenden County, VT as presented on NESEC, utilizing FEMA NEHRP State Assistance published maps and in reports; 2) Presentation Support, initiated a statewide project in by FEMA officials on FEMA 74, Earthquake conjunction with the Maine Emergency Hazard Mitigation for Nonstructural Elements; Management Agency, to identify and analyze 3) Direct follow up, within approximately 2 over 4,000 critical and essential facilities for weeks of the meeting, with critical facilities earthquake and other hazard vulnerability and participants to determine if they are risk. This involved incorporating ROVER data as considering implementing seismic hazard well using a Virtual Survey technique mitigation; and 4) Development of a brief developed by NESEC. The results of this report summarizing follow-up results. statewide collection of data will be used for mitigation planning purposes and to develop a Western States Seismic Policy rank order of seismic risk by county. This will lead to subsequent and more detailed analysis Council by county. This is the first of this level of Hazus WSSPC was formed in analysis, focused on critical and essential 1979 to provide a facilities, ever conducted by NESEC in direct regional and partnership with a state emergency multidisciplinary management agency. forum to support and enhance seismic NESEC also completed a report for Maine hazard mitigation by Emergency Management titled Location of developing and Maine Dams in Relation to Potential adopting policy recommendations on seismic Earthquake Ground Shaking Scenarios. The issues and advocating their implementation. results of this statewide collection of data will WSSPC represents the directors of emergency be used for mitigation planning purposes and management, geoscience, and seismic to develop a rank order of seismic risk to commissions of 13 western States, 3 U.S. Pacific essential facilities by county. This will lead to Territories, a Canadian territory, and a subsequent and more detailed analysis by Canadian province, for a total of 39 member county, contingent upon future funding. agencies. WSSPC also coordinates with members of local government and building In collaboration with the Vermont Geological departments, insurance companies, and Survey and the Vermont Emergency businesses to participate in the policy Management Agency, NESEC planned a recommendation process by joining as Affiliate meeting for up to 50 essential and critical members. facility managers with a focus on seismic risk and mitigation. The meeting is designed to raise In 2014, WSSPC held its annual meeting in public awareness of earthquake risk in northern Anchorage, Alaska, in conjunction with the EERI Vermont through communicating the meaning 50th anniversary of the 1964 Great Alaska of seismic hazards and risk via outreach to earthquake and tsunami. At the meeting, the essential and critical facility managers. The Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Committee; meeting will include the following components: Engineering, Construction, and Building Codes 26

31 Committee; and the Basin & Range Province earthquakes and is recognized as an Committee met to discuss policy questions. At authoritative voice for earthquake risk that meeting, WSSPC members adopted the reduction information in the United States. following five policy recommendations: EERI is a national nonprofit, multidisciplinary technical society of engineers, geoscientists, 1. Policy Recommendation 14- architects, planners, public officials and social 1: Improving Tsunami Public Education, scientists. More information on EERI is available Mitigation and Warning Procedures for at Distant and Local Sources 2. Policy Recommendation 14- 3: Earthquake Monitoring Networks 3. Policy Recommendation 14-7: Earthquake Early Warning Systems 4. Policy Recommendation 14- 4: Identification and Mitigation of Unreinforced Masonry Structures EERI supported FEMA NEHRP through its FY 5. Policy Recommendation 14- 2014 Cooperative Agreement. Projects ranged 5: Earthquake Emergency Handbook for from direct programming efforts to support for First Responders and Incident projects at selected states with high seismic Commanders risk. Some of the FY 2014 highlights are as follows. Additional education and outreach EERI held a series of day-long technical activities are seminars on the PEER NGA-West2 project, conducted through the website, Annual ri/pdf/2013-technical-seminar-brochure.pdf. Report, quarterly The program, focusing on important ground newsletter, and an motion hazard issues, provided engineers and interim monthly scientists with an update on the most recent bulletin, new in findings of the NGA-West2 project and its 2014. The website impact for the earthquake engineering was completely community. The Western States Seismic redesigned and Policy Council (WSSPC) social media EERI published an Oral History for Ugo Morelli 2014 Annual Report. platforms were who had a long, consequential and productive integrated into the career at FEMA and predecessor agencies from site. 1971 through retirement from the FEMA earthquake program in 2003, Earthquake Engineering Research content/uploads/store/oral_histories/morelli.p Institute df. EERI is the Nations leading technical society dedicated to the reduction of risk from 27

32 EERI organized the 10th U.S. National Federal Alliance for Safe Homes Conference on Earthquake Engineering FLASH entered into a cooperative agreement to (10NCEE) in July 2014 in Anchorage, Alaska, assist FEMA NEHRP to achieve its strategic during the 50th anniversary year of the great goals and delivered a number of projects during Alaska earthquake and tsunami, this reporting period. Over 1100 earthquake professionals participated in the four day FLASH continued to promote the FEMA program and proceedings include more than QuakeSmart Business Toolkit, FEMA P-811 DVD, 800 technical papers that were presented at the QuakeSmart Community Resilience the conference. EERI also organized and ran the Program and the nonstructural assessment 10th Annual Undergraduate Seismic Design program. FLASH created the resilience program Competition at the 10NCEE, with 200 students to provide additional guidance to business from 28 universities participating. owners and managers including business continuity information, planning and budgeting tools, and mitigation strategies. Businesses EERI awarded the FY 2014 NEHRP FEMA-EERI participating in the program receive a Graduate Fellowship to Clinton Carlson, a Ph.D. QuakeSmart recognition package to announce candidate in Civil Engineering at the University their completion of the program. FLASH of Michigan, Ann Arbor, designed and oversaw the creation of a new website,, to content/uploads/August13.pdf. Carlson is provide brand identity for the resiliency conducting research on the impact of ground program and to showcase the QuakeSmart motion modification techniques on ground Business Toolkit and additional FLASH motion characteristics and on the responses of resources. subsequent seismic analyses. EERI also supported projects for FEMA in four states: Alaska, California, Nevada, and Utah. In Alaska, EERI contracted with an engineering firm to use Rover for seismic safety evaluations in Mat-Su School District. There were multiple projects in California, but none more timely than the support for the California Earthquake Clearinghouse where EERI serves a vice-chair. With FEMA NEHRP support EERI was able to FLASH designed and held in-person training establish and manage the South Napa events entitled Business Preparedness Summits Earthquake Clearinghouse that served more to promote the QuakeSmart program. The than 100 responders and researchers over a summits were hosted in partnership with three day period. The California Geological private-sector, nonprofit and government Survey partnered with EERI in running the field organizations. The summits were held in clearinghouse. EERI also built and runs a virtual Riverside and San Mateo, California showcasing clearinghouse for the South Napa earthquake the QuakeSmart Business Toolkit and at Community Resiliency Program to walk business 24-south-napa/. owners through the process of Identifying Risk, Developing a Plan and Taking Action 28

33 to prepare and mitigate their businesses. More Outreach Process Partners than 130 businesses participated in the OPP provides contract support for FEMA summits. NEHRPs national outreach efforts and serves as a partner for NEHRP state assistance through FLASH trained 125 volunteers on the activities such as publication development and Construction Managers Guide for Wind printing, video and PSA production, ShakeOut Mitigation based on FEMA P-804 and FEMA P- event support, graphic design and website 499, and the Construction Managers Guide for development. OPP also provides metrics and Flood Construction based on FEMA P-805 and measurement capabilities for FEMA NEHRPs FEMA P-312. These resources are specifically earthquake-related outreach efforts, with a designed for nonprofit organizations engaged focus on analytics, FEMA Library in long-term recovery. downloads, GovDelivery tracking and media coverage analysis. This data is used to develop Additionally, FLASH partnered with Clemson recommendations to further advance the use University and developed graduate level of FEMA publications and technical guidance, curriculum to teach residential building codes and the implementation of building codes. to construction, civil engineering and architectural disciplines, including a focus on the purpose and application of residential building codes, as well as the role of codes in disaster-preparedness. Presently, the course is being offered at Clemson and more universities are committed to using it whole or in modules. The course is promoted through the website, OPP developed the FEMA School Hazard Hunt Game/Poster for Windows and MAC computers to create an interactive tool which engages FLASH continued to administer the Texas State young children to learn about earthquake Collaborative (TSC). The members of the hazard mitigation. To further encourage collaborative are a wide ranging, diverse group earthquake preparedness in schools, OPP also including code officials, flood plain managers, redesigned the Drop, Cover, Hold On Poster for state and local government officials, classrooms to highlight the appropriate action meteorologists, non-profit disaster response to take during an earthquake. Additionally, OPP and re-building organizations, leading insurers, redesigned the Home Hazard Hunt poster reinsurers and design-build professionals. In (FEMA 528) to help families identify potential partnership with the TSC members, FLASH risks within their home and provide completed and distributed Leadership Toolkits recommendations to address these risks. for Texas ten most populous cities to educate leaders on the top hyperlocal weather perils of In FY 2014, OPP also produced the Seven Design the jurisdictions and highlighting weaknesses or and Construction Features Important to Seismic strengths of their current building code in light Performance animation. This animation of those perils. The information is now available provides property and business owners with an at overview of the importance of understanding seismic risk as well as the adoption and implementation of building codes with appropriate seismic design and construction 29

34 standards. These publications are all available frequent content via social media, and are in the FEMA Library. encouraged to seek additional training. In addition to registered participants, millions more see or hear about ShakeOut via broad Southern California Earthquake news media coverage (including late-night talk Center shows) that encourages additional dialogue SCEC, headquartered at the University of about earthquake preparedness. In the near Southern California, was founded in 1991 with future, this ShakeOut infrastructure will be a mission to, gather data on earthquakes in used for educating Californians about the new Southern California and elsewhere; integrate Earthquake Early Warning system being information into a comprehensive and physics- developed, with plans for yearly tests to be based understanding of earthquake held on ShakeOut Day. phenomena; and communicate understanding Earthquake Country Alliance to society at large useful knowledge for The ECA is a California-based public-private reducing earthquake risk. partnership of people, organizations, and regional alliances, each of which are committed to improving preparedness, mitigation and resiliency. ECAs mission is to support and coordinate efforts that improve earthquake and tsunami resilience. To participate, visit SCEC created the Earthquake Country Alliance FEMA provides support to SCEC for national (ECA) in 2003 and continues to play a pivotal ShakeOut coordination and for leading the role in developing and sustaining this statewide Earthquake Country Alliance in California. (as of 2009) coalition with similar groups in the Great ShakeOut Earthquake Drills. SCEC created Bay Area and North Coast. Participants develop the website and registration and disseminate common earthquake-related system in 2008 for the first ShakeOut drill in messages for the public, share or promote southern California. Beginning in 2010, more existing resources, and develop new activities States, territories and countries began to join and products. SCEC develops and maintains all the ShakeOut, with websites replicated by SCEC ECA websites and has managed the printing of in partnership with State and local agencies the Putting Down Roots publication series who recruit participants. With the involvement throughout the state. This past year a special of many partner organizations, ShakeOut has Northridge Earthquake Virtual Exhibit was since expanded to include 44 states and U.S. added to the ECA site with Northridge Near territories, plus four other countries. You animations created by SCEC UseIT interns, and interviews with people who experienced ShakeOut is now an infrastructure for providing the Northridge earthquake across southern earthquake information to the public and California. Similar Near You animations were involving them in community resiliency, also made for the Loma Prieta 25th anniversary teaching people life-saving response behavior ( while fostering a sense of community that facilitates further dialogue. Participants receive monthly ShakeOut newsletters and more 30

35 V. FEMA Regional and HQ Earthquake Program Managers Region I Region VI Paul Morey Prince Aryee [email protected] [email protected] 617-956-7628 940-898-5393 Region II Region VII Scott Duell Dawn Livingston [email protected] [email protected] 212-680-3630 816-283-7055 Region II CAD Region VIII Orlando Landy Olivera Vacant [email protected] 787-296-3500 Region IX Region III Michael Hornick [email protected] Stephanie Nixon 510-627-7260 [email protected] 215-931-5638 Region X Region IV Gala Gulacsik [email protected] Tim Albritton 425-487-4573 [email protected] 770-828-5065 Region V William Heyse [email protected] 312-408-5323 31

36 FEMA HQ Wendy Phillips [email protected] Ed Laatsch 202-646-2810 [email protected] 202-646-3885 Mai Tong [email protected] Mike Mahoney 202-646-4681 [email protected] 202-646-2794 32

37 VI. State and Territorial Earthquake Program Managers Alabama Florida Janice Doucet Miles Anderson [email protected] [email protected] 205-280-2220 850-413-9816 Alaska Georgia Ann Gravier Bryan Wade [email protected] [email protected] 907-428-7045 404-624-2636 Arizona Hawaii Michael Conway Kevin Richards [email protected] [email protected] 520-209-4146 808-733-4301 Arkansas Idaho Katie Belknap Mark Stephensen [email protected] [email protected] 501-683-6700 208-422-5726 California Illinois Kate Long Jason Williams [email protected] [email protected] 626-356-3212 217-785-9890 Colorado Indiana Marilyn Gally Janice Lee [email protected] [email protected] 720-852-6608 317-232-3980 Connecticut Iowa Anthony Dembek David Johnston [email protected] [email protected] 860-256-0824 515-725-3295 Delaware Kansas Stephanie Baxter Brandt Haehn [email protected] [email protected] 302-831-1576 785-274-1431 33

38 Kentucky Montana Harry James Kent Atwood [email protected] [email protected] 502-607-5712 406-324-4782 Louisiana Nebraska Scott Van Keuren Mary Baker [email protected] [email protected] 225-925-3633 402-471-7185 Maine Nevada Dwane Hubert Rick Martin [email protected] [email protected] 207-624-4400 775- 687-0306 Maryland New Hampshire Mark James Perry Plummer [email protected] [email protected] 410-517-3649 603-223-3637 Massachusetts New Jersey Mike Philbin Robert Little [email protected] [email protected] 508-820-2008 609-963-6963 Michigan New Mexico Matt Schnepp Wendy Blackwell [email protected] [email protected] 517-336-2040 505-476-9676 Minnesota New York Jenny Kane Dan OBrien [email protected] [email protected] 651-201-7491 518-292-2468 Mississippi North Carolina Donna Gray Chris Crew [email protected] [email protected] 601-933-6356 919-733-3867 Missouri North Dakota Jeff Briggs Paul Messner [email protected] [email protected] 573-526-9232 701-328-8259 34

39 Ohio Utah Patrick Sheehan Bob Carey [email protected] [email protected] 614-799-3693 801-538-3784 Oklahoma Vermont Bonnie McKelvey Marjorie Gale [email protected] [email protected] 405-521-2481 802-241-3496 Oregon Virginia Althea Rizzo Matthew Wall [email protected] [email protected] 503-378-2911 804-897-6500 x6541 Pennsylvania Washington Tom Hughes John Schelling [email protected] [email protected] 717-651-2726 253-512-7084 Rhode Island Washington, D.C. James Baker Dante Lucas [email protected] [email protected] 401-462-7114 215-931-5587 South Carolina West Virginia Jessica Stumpf Tim Keaton [email protected] [email protected] 803-737-8644 304-957-2572 South Dakota Wisconsin Jim Poppen Roxanne Gray [email protected] [email protected] (605) 773-3231 608-242-3211 Tennessee Wyoming Cecil Whaley Melinda Gibson [email protected] [email protected] 615-741-0640 307-777-4914 Texas American Samoa Patrick Kelley Jacinta Brown [email protected] [email protected] 512-424-5684 684-633-2827 35

40 British Columbia Puerto Rico Kelli Kryzanowski Jesus Poupart [email protected] [email protected] 250-952-4989 787-724-0124 x20044 Guam U.S. Virgin Islands Pilar Carbullido Al Javois [email protected] [email protected] 671-478-0296 340-774-2244 Northern Mariana Islands Marvin Seman [email protected] 670-322-8001 36

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