Process Analytics throughout the entire natural gas - Siemens

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1 Siemens AG, 2008 Process Analytics throughout the entire natural gas pipeline supply chain Case Study December 2008 Natural Gas (NG) Monitoring NG during pipeline transmis- sion Natural Gas is a vital component of the The purified natural gas is transmitted world's supply of energy. It is one of the through a network of pipelines to its point cleanest, safest, and most useful of all ener- of use. Transmitting natural gas from the gy sources. Unlike other fossil fuels, natural wellhead to the end-user typically involves gas is clean burning and emits lower levels multiple processing steps and several phys- of potentially harmful by products into the ical transfers of custody. During pipeline air. While natural gas is formed primarily of transport of NG, it is important to monitor methane, it can also include smaller quality parameters such as calorific value amounts of higher Hydrocarbons. Found in (CV), hydrocarbon dew point, hydrogen sul- underground reservoirs, natural gas is com- fide and other compounds. Determination monly associated with oil deposits. of the calorific value is particularly impor- Once brought from underground, the natu- tant in the energy measurements of natural ral gas is refined to remove impurities like gas for billing purposes (fiscal metering) at water, other gases, sand, and other com- gas transfer stations. Monitoring of gas pounds. Some hydrocarbons are removed quality parameters is also required on the and sold separately, including propane and LNG-route where the natural gas is liquefied butane. Other impurities are also removed, for easier transportation. like hydrogen sulfide to gain pipeline quali- Siemens process gas chromatographs ty natural gas. (PGCs) are also applied for NG monitoring: SITRANS CV as especially designed analyzer of the calorific value and MAXUM II as uni- versal PGC for enhanced quality and process control measurements. Natural Gas Industry s

2 Siemens AG, 2008 Natural Gas Transmission from Wellhead to End User Transmission of natural gas from the Production and processing ogies. The objective is not only to pro- wellhead to the end-user (fig. 1) in- duce pipeline quality "dry" gas but also volves various physical transfer and pro- Gas gathering at the wellhead to remove higher hydrocarbons from cessing steps including metering and Gathering systems are a series of pipes the natural gas and separate into "frac- custody transfer. that collect natural gas and transport it tions," such as propane, butane, and to the larger transmission pipeline. This ethane. begins at the wellhead and may be through a series of piping systems that Natural Gas liquefaction to LNG consolidate gas from different wells. Of growing importance, natural gas is The pipeline directs the flow either to a liquefied to LNG, which, because of its natural gas processing plant or directly reduced volume, can be easily trans- to a main transmission grid, depending ported over long distances in pipes or upon the initial quality of the wellhead tankers. It is finally converted back to product. Natural gas exiting the produc- gas. Various metering and custody tion field is usually referred to as "wet" transfer stations are distributed along natural gas if it still contains significant this transport route. amounts of hydrocarbon liquids and contaminants. Natural Gas processing plant The principal service provided by a nat- ural gas processing plant is to produce pipeline quality natural gas. NG main- line transmission systems are designed to operate only within certain toleranc- es of specific gravities, pressures and HCDP, BTU (British Thermal Unit) con- tent range, or water and H2S content level to avoid operational problems. Natural gas processing plants are also used to recover natural gas liquids and to extract impurities from the gas, em- ploying various techniques and technol- On-shore Gas treatment Pipeline Custody transfer Consumer Production Processing Transmission Storage Distribution Use Off-shore LNG Underground Power generation Fig. 1: Natural Gas transmission path from production to use 2 Natural Gas Transmission from Wellhead to End User

3 Siemens AG, 2008 Transmission and storage Mixing stations / Biogas feed Distribution The main purpose of a mixing station is Mainline transmission systems to mix natural gases from two different Distribution is the final step in delivering Mainline transmission systems are wide gas suppliers with often different calo- natural gas to end users. While large in- diameter, long-distance pipelines to rific values. Another objective is to feed dustrial, commercial, and electric power transport natural gas from the produc- biogas as renewable energy fraction generation customers get natural gas di- ing area to market areas. A grid type into the natural gas. One issue related to rectly from high capacity pipelines, most transmission system is usually charac- mixing stations is to ensure a constant other users receive natural gas from local terized by a large number of laterals or calorific value of the mixed gas. distribution companies through small di- branches from the mainline, which tend ameter low pressure distribution pipes. to form a network of integrated receipt, Custody transfer stations Market centers for the pricing of natural delivery and pipeline interconnections Natural gas is priced and sold based on gas are located at certain points of this to serve major market areas. the energy flow that is delivered to the distribution systems. customer. Energy flow is calculated Storage facilities from the product of volume flow under In between or at the end of a mainline standard conditions and the calorific transmission system, natural gas stor- value. Each time that custody of natural age facilities provide for inventory man- gas changes, it is measured at custody agement, supply backup, and the access transfer stations for billing purposes. to natural gas to maintain the balance of the system.Natural Gas is most com- Volume flow is determined using flow monly held in inventory underground measuring systems, e.g. based on ultra- under pressure in depleted reservoirs sonics. such as oil or gas fields, aquifers or salt Energy content (calorific value) is mea- cavern formations. Storage facilities sured by means of gas chromatography provide suppliers with the means to when determining the composition of meet peak customer requirements up to the gas. New and improved technology a point. in chromatography, as represented by the Siemens SITRANS CV gas chromato- Compressor stations graph (page 4) have significantly in- Natural gas is highly pressurized as it creased accuracy, reliability and integri- travels through a main pipeline. To en- ty of custody transfer measurement sys- sure that the natural gas flow through tems. Additional quality parameters the pipeline remains pressurized, com- such as hydrocarbon and water dew pression of this natural gas is required point, as well as concentration values of periodically along the pipe. This is ac- sulfurous compounds has to be mea- complished by compressor stations, sured as well. usually placed at 40 to 100 mile inter- vals along the pipeline. The size of the station and the number of compressors vary, based on the diameter of the pipe and the volume of gas to be moved. Typ- ical pressure levels for major transmis- sion systems are in the range of 5000 to 9000 kPa. Metering stations Metering stations are placed periodical- ly along natural gas pipelines. These sta- tions allow pipeline companies to mon- itor and manage the natural gas in their pipes. Essentially, these metering sta- tions measure the flow of gas along the pipeline, and allow to 'track' natural gas on its way to the end-user. Natural Gas Transmission from Wellhead to End User 3

4 Siemens AG, 2008 Physical Properties of Natural Gas as Quality Parameters Composition and physical properties of CV determination by Gas Chromatog- Gas Interchangeability Natural Gas in a pipeline transmission raphy Wobbe Index / Density and distribution system vary in time and space. Information about the quality of Determination of the calorific value is The Wobbe index is the Calorific Value di- NG is important for gas transmission, based on the composition of the gas. The vided by the square root of gas relative gas use and gas supply billing. composition is also used to calculate the density, commonly expressed in Btu per compressibility of the gas which is re- standard cubic foot or mega joules per Heating Content (CV, BTU) quired to convert the flow volume from standard cubic meter. In the case of nat- process conditions to standardized con- ural gas, the typical heating value is The calorific value of a fuel is the quanti- ditions. Natural gas is analyzed in accor- around 1 050 Btu per cubic foot and the ty of heat produced by its combustion, at dance with ISO 6974 (see page 6). The specific gravity is approximately 0.59, constant pressure and standard condi- gas is separated into its constituent com- giving a typical Wobbe index of 1 367. tions of temperature (0, 15, 20, 25 C) pounds methane, ethane, carbon diox- The Wobbe Index is the main indicator of and pressure (101,325 kPa). The com- ide, C3, C4, C5, C6+ and the amount of the interchangeability of fuel gases and bustion of a fuel generates water vapor. each constituent determined. The physi- is frequently defined in the specifications Special techniques are used to recover cal properties of each component, as de- of gas supply. If two fuels have identical the quantity of heat contained in this wa- fined by standards, e. g. ISO 6976 or Wobbe Indices then for given pressure ter vapor by condensing it. GPA 2172, are programmed in the chro- the energy output will be identical. The Superior Calorific Value (CVS) sup- matographs software. Hence, the overall poses that the water of combustion is energy content of the gas can be calcu- entirely condensed and that the heat lated from the measured composition contained in the water vapor is recov- using the values of gas flow, pressure ered. and temperature as variables (Fig. 2). The Inferior Calorific Value (CVi) suppos- SITRANS CV (Fig. 3) has been especially es that the products of combustion con- designed to perform the entire CV analy- tain the water vapor. The heat contained sis including calculation in one compact in the water vapor is not recovered. The analyzer Read more about SITRANS CV British Thermal Unit (BTU or Btu) is a unit on page 7. of energy used in the power, steam gen- eration, and air conditioning industries. It is used in parallel with the other unit of energy, the joule (J, 1 BTU = 1 055.06 J). Measurement Calculation Gas flow Standardized flow Gas pressure, NG stream temperature Energy Compressibility (ISO12213) Gas composition (GC, ISO 6974) Superior Calorific Value, density, CO2 (ISO 6976) Fig. 2: Calculation of energy content of a gas flow using gas chromatography 4 Physical Properties of Natural Gas as Quality Parameters

5 Siemens AG, 2008 Hydrocarbon Dewpoint Sulfur compounds and CO2 nies to test and confirm concentrations of odorants to be in accordance with the The hydrocarbon dew point is a measure Numerous natural gas wells produce regulations. One option to do this effi- for the concentration of hydrocarbons in what is called "sour gas", i.e. natural gas ciently and reliably is the use on-line a gas. It is defined as the temperature (at containing hydrogen sulfide, mercap- process gas chromatographs such as a given pressure) where the hydrocarbon tans, sulfides and disulfides in concen- MAXUM II, Fig. 4. components of the gas mixture, such as trations that makes the natural gas un- natural gas, will start to condense out of suitable for transport and usage. Efforts the gaseous phase. It is often also re- are spent to remove these undesired ferred to as the HDP or the HCDP. The hy- compounds. In addition, the natural gas drocarbon dew point is important be- may also contain varying amounts of cause higher hydrocarbons in natural carbon dioxide, which often has to be gas, in form of droplets, tend to damage removed as well. A number of processes the compressors blades. Hydrocarbon are known for the removal of sulphur dewpoint is typically analyzed by using a compounds and optionally carbon diox- gas chromatograph for gas composition ide from natural gas. Process gas chro- analysis combined with a calculation matographs such as MAXUM II, (Fig. 4) method based upon equations of state, are typically used to control and opti- Fig. 3: SITRANS CV or using chilled mirror based technolo- mize these processes. gies. Odorants Water Dewpoint After purification, natural gas is virtually The water dew point is the temperature odorless, which is a major safety issue, at a given pressure where water begins because leakages cannot be detected to condense out. At a given pressure, in- easily and quick enough. Therefore, it is dependent of temperature, the dew a regulatory requirement that natural point indicates the mole fraction of wa- gas which is delivered to customers ter vapor in the gas, and therefore deter- must be odorized so that leaks are readi- mines the specific humidity of the gas. ly detectable. In the USA, e. g., Typically analyzed by sensor (ZrO2, 49 CFR 192 (Transportation of natural Al2O3, ceramic) or laser analyzers. gas by pipeline, minimum federal safety standards) demands operating compa- Physical Properties of Natural Gas as Quality Parameters 5

6 Siemens AG, 2008 Use of Process Gas Chromatography High demands on Process Gas Chro- matographs NG NG Processing LNG Wellhead on-/offshore/FPSO Liquefaction & storage The demands placed on chromato- NG Transportation graphs with respect to accuracy and re- Import cross border liability are extremely high in such appli- cations. Remote monitoring and system Mixing station LNG Tanker (Gathering systems) ruggedness are also significant factors when considering the infrastructure as- Biogas sociated with the transportation of nat- ural gas. Underground storage LNG State of the art Export cross border Regasification & storage Current state-of-the-art technology to perform the required analysis tasks nor- NG Distribution mally applies a universal process gas Measuring NG Distribution locations chromatograph for quality control (Im- FPSO: purities, odorants, hydrocarbon dew End User End User End User Floating point) and a specialized chromatograph Municipal Industrial Power station production storage and offloading for fiscal metering of the calorific value. Fig. 5: Measuring locations along natural gas transmission path Micro Process-GC for fiscal metering Measuring Objective Recommended analyzer Due to the growing global demands for Natural Gas Pipeline Quality control natural gas as a source of energy, liber- alization of the markets as well as the in- N2, CO2, C1 to C5, C6+ (Application 1) SITRANS CV ternational networking of pipeline sys- H2S and COS (Application 2) MAXUM II tems, a further increase in the necessity Odorants (Mercaptans, Disulfides, Application 3) MAXUM II for dedicated calorific value analyzers in Fiscal Metering (billing purposes) custody transfer plants exists. Consider- CV / BTU determination SITRANS CV ing the demands on such specialized an- alyzers with respect to analytical perfor- Process Control mance, harsh installation environments Various applications and measuring tasks MAXUM II, SITRANS CV in remote locations, unmanned remote Combined Measuring Objectives operation, micro process gas chromato- Fiscal metering and quality control (Appl. 1) SITRANS CV graphs provide the ideal prerequisites Fiscal metering + enhanced quality control (Appl. 1, 2 and/or 3) SITRANS CV + MAXUM II for satisfying such demands. Fiscal metering + process control SITRANS CV + MAXUM II Measuring locations and measuring Table 1: Measuring objectives and recommended analyzers objectives Fig. 5 shows the location of typical mea- suring stations along a NG transmission path from the wellhead to the end user. Measuring objectives will vary from fast process control, focussed CV determina- tion at mixing stations through fiscal metering at Biogas line entries to en- hanced quality measurement at big cross border stations. Instrumentation will vary accordingly (table 1). Installa- tion examples are shown in fig. 6: SITRANS CV (left and center) and SITRANS CV in combination with MAXUM II (at right). Fig. 6: Installations of SITRANS CV and MAXUM II (at right) for natural gas monitoring 6 Use of Process Gas Chromatography

7 Siemens AG, 2008 SITRANS CV, the perfect Solution Provider SITRANS CV design Analytical module Control room The analytical module has been special- CV Control & SITRANS CV is a very compact on-line ly designed for the analysis of natural PC Anywhere Security modem Router gas chromatograph that has been espe- gas. All hardware components such as Ethernet cially designed for calorific value analy- valveless live injection, high-resolution Firewall sis. From upstream to distribution net- narrow bore capillary columns, valve- INTERNET work SITRANS CV is suitable for multiple less column switching as well as multi- Remote applications, like fiscal metering, full ple and in-line detectors (-thermal con- SITRANS CV Box PC Modem component analysis and quality control ductivity detectors, -TCDs) are with metrology quality results. matched to one another,e.g. through al- VPN Tunnel Firewall most identical internal diameters, usual- Hardware ly 0.15 mm. This ideal interaction with- Fig. 8: TeleControl of SITRANS CV via internet SITRANS CV hardware is based on micro- out dead volumes makes a significant machined systems on the scale of mi- contribution to the analytical perfor- In addition to the most interesting com- crochip technology. Miniaturisation of mance of the entire system. ponents, the system can individually the most important components using evaluate hydrocarbons of higher boiling this pioneering technology permits an Analytical configuration point (C6+) using column 1 and compo- extremely compact design for the com- Fig. 7 shows the analytical configura- nents such as nitrogen, methane, plete device which is also associated tion of SITRANS CV. Three analysis sets ethane and CO2 using column 3. with high resistance to environmental each comprising a capillary column and An advanced calorific value analysis is influences. High protection against an in-line -TCD are arranged along the also available where oxygen and CO are moisture, dust and corrosion (IP65, sample path. Polarity and length of the separated in addition. The analysis time NEMA4X), operation at extreme ambi- columns are designed such that the of 30 days and genera- housing. These modules have standard- outputs. Thus the system delivers infor- tion of mean values for all compo- ised designs, connection systems and mation on the injection quality, the ex- nents and calorimetric values are im- interfaces. This allows rapid replace- act setting of the backflushing or the plemented ment and reduced stocking of spare time for the cut. These can be used for Automatic method optimization in- parts. system verification. creases reliability Logbook for traceability of events and alarms. Optimum pressure setting of the Validation Validation electronic pressure controllers (EPCs) Live Live can be computed and need not be set Injection Switching by a complex empirical method. TCD TCD Sample Calculation of Calorific Value, Den- Column 1 Column 2 Column 3 sity and Wobbe Index Carrier gas TCD TCD TCD Self diagnosis of all analytical param- Vent eters monitors health status C6+ Propane Nitrogen i-Butane Methane Password protected access guaran- tees high security n-Butane Ethane TCD neo-Pentane CO2 i-Pentane n-Pentane Internal mean value calculation Validation Internal trend evaluation of individ- ual components and calculated val- Fig. 7: Analytical configuration of SITRANS CV with measured components ues SITRANS CV, the perfect Solution Provider 7

8 Siemens AG, 2008 Interfacing to controllers and tele- Repeatability which is directly connected to the ana- control via internet (fig. 8) The standard deviations as proof of the lyzer and usually supplied to this auto- The integral interfaces of the analyzer repeatability of all measured compo- matically. permit communication to host equip- nents as well as the calculated values ment such as flow computers over (table 2) significantly satisfy the mini- As a result of the high linearity of the RS485/MODBUS or a control computer mum requirements placed on highly micro-TCDs, SITRANS CV only requires a over Ethernet TCP/IP for remote opera- precise calorific value analysers single point calibration for each compo- tion. SITRANS CV is often installed in the (ISO 6974). nent using just one calibration gas, even outback, where no telephone line is during initial start-up of the analyser. available. For those installations, a GPRS/ Linearity, single point calibration Complex multilevel calibrations on site VPN (General Packet Radio Service / Vitu- When used for fiscal metering, calorific with up to seven calibration gases are al Private Network) solution is available value analyzers must be calibrated regu- not essential. using proven components from larly, usually weekly. The calibration is Siemens. carried out using a procedure compara- ble to gas chromatography where an ex- OutBack: A Box PC is installed (contain- ternal calibration gas is mainly used ing SITRANS CV control software and a Measured Values Measuring Concentration Repeatability as relative remote control software like PC-Any- (Gas components) range [%] (Mean values) Standard Deviation [%] where) and connected to the net via Nitrogen N2 < 25 1.3464 Mol % 0.485036 modem and firewall. The Box PC and the modem can easily be integrated into a Carbon Diox- CO2 < 20 0.3480 Mol % 0.319118 ide EEx-d Box. MSR-office: A desktop PC is installed Methane C1 > 55 97.3048 Mol % 0.008662 with PC-Anywhere and SITRANS CV con- Ethane C2 < 20 0.3982 Mol % 0.359759 trol software. The PC is connected to the Propane C3 < 10 0.1996 Mol % 0.358462 internet via a security modem, firewall so-Butane C4

9 Siemens AG, 2008 Metrological Approvals ISO 6974-5 (2000) SITRANS CV has been certified for fiscal Natural gas -- Determination of composition with defined uncertainty by gas metering in many countries (table 3). chromatography Part 5: Determination of nitrogen, carbon dioxide and C1 to C5 and C6+ hydro- Minimal temperature influence carbons for a laboratory and on-line process application using three columns Due to the extreme installation condi- tions the influence of ambient tempera- ISO 6976 (1995) ture changes on the precision of the The DIN EN ISO 6976 standard specifies methods for the calculation of both the measuring device is a crucial factor. superior calorific value and the inferior calorific value, density, relative density Hence, SITRANS CV has been tested and Wobbe index of dry natural gas and other combustible gaseous fuels.The cal- (fig. 10) extensively according to differ- culation is done from the composition of the gas by mole fraction, that is ob- ent parts of the EN 60068-2 standard, tained from GC measurements of the gas components. It also describes the de- which deals with cold test, dry heat test termination of accuracy (precision of CV) from precision of analysis. and damp heat test. The results have been excellent. Fig. 11 shows, as typical result, the very 30 36,0 SITRANS CV small measuring error of the CV output 25 35,9 Absolute signal (green) over an extensive range Calorific Value [MJ/m3] 20 measuring error 35,8 of temperature changes together with T emperat ure Temperature [C] 35,7 the error (red) tolerated by the PTB (Ger- 15 man metrological authority). 10 35,6 C alorific 35,5 5 V alue Tolerated 35,4 measuring error 0 35,3 -5 35,2 -10 35,1 -15 35,0 14:24 19:12 00:00 04:48 09:36 14:24 19:12 Time Fig. 11: Absolute measuring error of SITRANS CV SITRANS CV Type Approval Certificates for Legal Metrology Regulations Public Authority Country PTB Germany Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt General Administration of Quality, Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine China of the P.R. of China Committee for Technical Regulation and Metrology of Kazakhstan Republic Kazakhstan Fig. 10: Temperature test set-up GOST Standard Russia BRLM Romania Romanian Bureau of Legal Metrology Table 2: SITRANS CV Type Approvals SITRANS CV, the perfect Solution Provider 9

10 Siemens AG, 2008 User Benefits Determine natural gas precisely Determine natural gas reliable Flexible installation through compact Analyze C6, C7, C8 and C9 individu- Reliable technology through many design ally for more accurate CV value years of experiences Minimal space needed Independent of sample and ambient Plug and play maintenance guaran- Rugged design for extreme areas of pressure variations using valveless tee short down times < 2 hours use NEMA 4X / IP65 enclosure suit- Live injection Separation reliability guaranteed able even for off-shore installation High separation power using narrow through in line detection and ambient temperature suitability bore capillary columns; clogging of Improved reliability no conven- (-20 C to +55 C) even for e.g. Mid- columns has not been observed tional valve switching with movable dle East desert installations Low detection limits using sensitive parts Simple installation on site detectors Automatic optimization of methods High linearity throughout measuring increases availability ranges saves expensive calibration Perfect integration into network gases through communication options Determine natural gas fast Low operating costs through modular Fast analysis through pioneering design MEMS technology Low maintenance in operation Update of calorific value each 180 s Repair in minutes, just exchange an- alytical plug & play module, stable operation already 30 min. later During stand-by modus gas con- Fig. 12: Field installation of SITRANS CV sumption only 6 ml/min Low power consumption 10 User Benefits

11 Siemens AG, 2008 Analytical Solutions Our solutions Process Control Maintenance System System Analytical solutions are always driven by the customers requirements. We offer DCS* Integration: ASM* an integrated design covering all steps M o dbu s from sampling point and sample prepa- P R O F IB U S Central In du stria l E the rne t Maintenance ration up to complete analyzer cabinets O P C via E the rne t Access or for installation in analyzer shelters. This includes also signal processing and communications to the control room and process control system. Single Device System We rely on a wide scope of extractive and in-situ gas analyzers and gas chro- matographs (table 4), many years of Decentralized Centralized world-wide experience in process auto- mation and engineering and a collec- Continuous Third Party Field Shelter, tion of specialized knowledge in key in- Process-GC Gas Analyzer Analyzer Installation CEMS* dustries and industrial sectors. We pro- vide Siemens quality from a single source with a function warranty for the * DCS: Distributed Control System entire system. ASM: Analyzer System Manager CEMS: Continuous Emission Monitoring System Analyzer networking for data com- munication Fig. 12: Networking for DCS integration and maintenance support Engineering and manufacturing of pro- cess analytical solutions increasingly Process Gas Chromatographs (Process GC) comprises "networking". It is getting a MAXUM edition II MAXUM edition II is very well suited to be used in rough industrial en- standard requirement in the process in- vironments and performs a wide range of duties in the chemical and dustry to connect analyzers and analyz- petrochemical industries and refineries. MAXUM II features e. g. a flex- ible, energy saving single or dual oven concept, valveless sampling and er systems to a communication network column switching, and parallel chromatography using multiple single to provide for continuous and direct trains as well as a wide range of detectors such as TCD, FID, FPD, PDHID, data transfer from and to the analyzers. PDECD and PDPID. The two objectives are (fig. 13) MicroSAM MicroSAM is a very compact explosion-proof micro process chromato- graph. Using silicon-based micro mechanical components it combines To integrate the analyzer and ana- miniaturization with increased performance at the same time. Micro- lyzer systems seamless into the SAM is easy to use and its rugged and small design allows mounting PCS / DCS system of the plant and right at the sampling point. MicroSAM features drastically reduced cy- To allow direct access to the analyz- cle times, provides valveless sample injection and column switching and saves installation, maintenance, and service costs. ers or systems from a maintenance station to ensure correct and reliable SITRANS CV SITRANS CV is a micro process gas chromatograph especially designed operation including preventive or for reliable, exact and fast analysis of natural gas. The rugged and com- pact design makes SITRANS CV suitable for extreme areas of use, e.g. predictive maintenance. off-shore exploration or direct mounting on a pipeline. The special soft- ware "CV Control" meets the requirements of the natural gas market, Siemens Process Analytics provides net- e.g. custody transfer. working solutions to meet the demands Table 4: Siemens Process Gas Chromatographs of both objectives. Analytical Solutions 11

12 Siemens AG, 2008 Analytical Services Service portfolio Plant life cycle Our wide portfolio of services is seg- mented into Consulting, Support and Planning & Engineering & Installation & Operation & Service (fig. 14). It comprises really all design development commissioning maintenance Modernization measures, actions and advises that may be required by our clients throughout Online Support the entire lifecycle of their plant. It rang- FEED for Process Analytics es from site survey to installation check, Engineering from instruction of plant personnel to Installation and commissioning spare part stock management and from Repairs and spare parts FEED for Process Analytics (see below) Field service to internet-based service hotline Our service and support portfolio (in- Service contracts cluding third-party equipment) com- Optimization and modernization prises for example: Technical Support Training Installation check Functionality tests Fig. 14: Portfolio of services provided by Siemens Process Analytics Site acceptance test Instruction of plant personnel on site Based on its expertise in analytical tech- Lowest possible Total Costs of Own- Preventive maintenance nology, application and engineering, ership (TCO) along the lifecycle re- On site repair Siemens Process Analytics offer a wide garding investment costs, consump- Remote fault clearance scope of FEED services focused on ana- tions, utilities supply and Spare part stock evaluation lyzing principles, sampling technolo- maintenance Spare part management gies, application solutions as well as Predictable time schedule by agreed Professional training center communication system and given stan- on design early in the project phase Process optimization dards (all related to analytics) to support Greatly minimized change orders Internet-based hotline our clients in maximizing performance during project execution FEED for Process Analytics and efficiency of their projects. FEED for Process Analytics Whether you are plant operators or be- Front End Engineering and Design long to an EPC Contractor you will ben- (FEED) is part of the planning and engi- efit in various ways from FEED for Pro- neering phase of a plant construction or cess Analytics by Siemens: modification project and is done after conceptual business planning and prior Analytics and industry know how to detail design. During the FEED phase, available, right from the beginning of best opportunities exist for costs and the project time savings for the project, as during Superior analyzer system perfor- this phase most of the entire costs are mance with high availability defined and changes have least impact Established studies, that lead to real- to the project. istic investment decisions. Fast and clear design of the analyzer system Siemens Process Analytics holds a specifications, drawings and docu- unique blend of expertise in analytical mentation technologies, applications and in pro- Less project management and coor- viding complete analytical solutions to dination effort, due to one responsi- many industries. ble contact person and less time in- volvement Additional expertise on demand, without having the costs, the effort and the risks of building up the capacities 12 Analytical Services

13 Siemens AG, 2008 Siemens Process Analytics - Answers for industry If you have any questions, please contact your local sales representative or any of the contact addresses below:: Siemens AG Siemens Energy & Automation Inc. Siemens Pte. Limited I IA SC PA, Process Analytics 7101 Hollister Road I IA SC PS/PA CoC stliche Rheinbrckenstr. 50 Houston, TX 77040 60 MacPherson Road 76187 Karlsruhe USA Singapore 348615 Germany Tel.: +49 721 595 3829 Tel.: +1 713 939 7400 Tel.: +65 6490 8728 Fax: +49 721 595 6375 Fax: +1 713 939 9050 Fax: +65 6490 8729 E-Mail: E-Mail: [email protected] E-Mail: [email protected] [email protected] Siemens Ltd., China Siemens LLC I IA SC, Process Analytics I IA 2B. 7F, China Marine Tower PO Box 2154, No.1 Pu Dong Avenue Dubai, U.A.E. Shanghai, 200120 P.R.China Tel: +86 21 3889 3602 Tel.: +971 4 366 0159 Fax: +86 21 3889 3264 Fax: +971 4 3660019 E-Mail: [email protected] E-mail: [email protected] Siemens AG Siemens AG 2008 Sector Industry Subject to change without prior notice Sensors and Communication Process Analytics 76181 KARLSRUHE GERMANY

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