2015 Fall Bulletin - Authors Guild

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1 AUTHORS GUILD Fall 2015 B U L L E T I N Roxana Robinson: Should Writers Have to Sing for Their Supper Too? The Wages of Writing: The Authors Guild Member Survey Going 50-50 with the Publisher: An Authors Tale Agents & Authors Roundtable: What to Look for When Youre Looking for an Agent

2 ALONG PUBLISHERS ROW By Campbell Geeslin C hris Abani, who was born in Nigeria and has lived in the U.S. since 1999, is the author of The Secret History of Las Vegas. In a review of Dragonfish by Vu NO SCENES: Charles Baxter has taught writing for 30 years and is the author of Theres Something I Want You to Do. Alison Lurie reviewed it for The New York Tran in The Times Book Review, Abani wrote, America Review of Books. is a nation not of immigrants but of refugees. Trauma, She chose the following quote from Baxters writ- displacement and fanatical hope have marked all ing: If you were raised in the genteel tradition, as I new Americans from the occupants of the Mayower was, you avoid scenes. . . . We create a scene when we through every subsequent group who came to these forcibly illustrate our need to be visible to others, of- shores (or who were brought here by force). . . . Novels ten in the service of a wish or a demand. . . . Genteel by recently arrived Americans have tried to negotiate people fear scenes. the struggle to t into a new home that doesnt always We . . . were not supposed to be dramatic. Drama want them, and the nostalgia for all that has been lost. was for others, or for the purposes of entertainment. In this way new immigrant literature mimics it ante- Along with being told not to create scenes, I was told cedents. not to tattle on people, which was worded as, Charlie, dont tell tales. REVISION: Kate Bolick is the author of the nonfic- tion Spinster. In a Time magazine review, Bolick was ABOUT BIOS: George Bernard Shaw said: When quoted: A wholesale reclamation of the word spinster you read a biography, remember that the truth is never is a tall order. My aim is more modest: to offer it up as t for publication. shorthand for holding onto that in you which is inde- pendent and self-sufcient, whether youre single or A MIGRATION: Robert Darntons latest book is coupled. Censors at Work: How States Shaped Literature. In an es- say in The New York Review of Books, he wrote: One WRITING AUTOBIOS: Tracey Thorn is the author of of the most famous rst lines among modern novels Bedsit Disco Queen and Naked at the Albert Hall. She is a The past is a foreign country: they do things differ- member of the musical group Everything but the Girl. ently there (L. P. Hartley, The Go-Between, 1953)has The Guardian asked her why so many female musicians migrated from literature to history and now serves of a certain age, including Kim Gordon and Chrissie as an article of faith among professional historians. It Hynde, were producing memoirs. Thorn said, I think means: avoid anachronism. its partly because were the generation who are a bit more empowered, and its partly to do with our fans TOUGH JOB: Thomas Mann believed: A writer is growing up. People who liked our records now work someone for whom writing is more difcult than it is at publishers and can commission us. for other people. SPORT BOOK: Mike Petri is the author of R Is for MIGHTY MAX: Phillip Lopate wrote an essay about Rugby. Hes also a key player on the U.S. rugby team. Max Beerbohm for The New York Review of Books. In it, When he and his wife were expecting their rst child, he quoted critic F. W. Dupee. they shopped for books. Petri said, They had kids al- The critic wrote: Rereading Beerbohm one gets phabet books about baseball, football, basketball. But caught up in the intricate singularity of his mind, all nothing about rugby. He and his wife began playing of a piece yet full of surprises. . . . That his drawings around with rhymes. The most basic play / Is an old- and parodies should survive is no cause for wonder. fashioned switch. / One guy will strike, / But its hard One look at them, or into them, and his old reputation to tell which. is immediately re-established: that whim of iron, that Petri said, Im not saying its Pulitzer Prize mate- cleverness amounting to genius. What is odd is that rial or anything. But weve sold more than a thousand his stories and essays should turn out to be equally du- copies in a few months, and Ive heard from people rable. whose kids love it or who even use it themselves when theyve watched rugby. Continued on page 29 Authors Guild Bulletin 2 Fall 2015

3 THE AUTHORS FALL 2015 GUILD BULLETIN President Roxana Robinson Executive Director ARTICLES Mary Rasenberger The Wages of Writing: The 2015 Authors Guild Member Survey . . . .9 Editor Martha Fay Industry & Advocacy News U.S. Appeals Court Ruling in Google Case Leaves Authors High Assistant Editor Nicole Vazquez and Dry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Senior Contributing Editor Guild Sees Promise in European Model Campbell Geeslin for Collective Licensing of Digital Works .......................... 12 Staff Writer The Authors Guild Fair Contract Initiative: An Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Ryan Fox Copy Editors Contracts Q&A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Hallie Einhorn By Mark L. Levine Heather Rodino A Fair Deal: The Perspective of a Midlist Author . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 All non-staff contributors to the By Jon Turk Bulletin retain copyright to the articles that appear in these How to Decode a Royalty Statement pages. Guild members seeking information on contributors By Juli Saitz. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 other publications are invited to contact the Guild ofce. Agent & Author Roundtable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 By Barbara DeMarco-Barrett Published quarterly by: The Authors Guild, Inc. 31 East 32nd Street DEPARTMENTS 7th Floor New York, NY 10016 Along Publishers Row . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Short Takes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 The Bulletin was first published in 1912 as The Authors League From the President . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Newsletter. From the Home Ofce . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Legal Watch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Books by Members . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 OVERHEARD Members Make News . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 You can imagine the way ABOUT THE COVER ARTIST your heart skips a small beat when you put a book under a Kevin Sanchez Walsh is a freelance artist and longtime contributor to the chopper like that. Bulletin. He can be reached at [email protected] Jonathan L. Zittrain, Harvard Law professor and director of the Harvard Law School Library, on slicing off the spines of thousands of law books in order to scan them for its Free the Law project. Quoted in The New York Times, October 29, 2015 Copyright 2015 The Authors Guild, Inc. Authors Guild Bulletin 3 Fall 2015

4 SHORT TAKES through the booking website Hotels .com will now be given a free Simon Amazons denition virtually all of an authors fans on social media will & Schuster e-book, from a selection be considered friends of the author. E-book vs. Print of seven rotating titles. Simon & Another frustrated writer, Jas The New York Times headline said Schuster s chief marketing officer, Ward, has set up a petition at Change it all: The Plot Twist: E-Book Sales Liz Perl, promoted the program by .org asking Amazon to change its Slip, and Print Is Far from Dead. noting that Business and plea- policy. At press time, the petition It turns out that the last five sure travelers spend a great deal of had garnered more than 16,000 sig- years of handwringing and the- time reading on the road and are an natures toward its goal of 25,000 (the end-is-coming angst within the ideal audience with whom to share initial goal of 15,000 signatures was publishing industry over e-books great new books. The program fol- achieved in August). Ward also tried and the future of print were for lows the companys earlier travel- to contact Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos n o t h i n g . R e c e n t s a l e s f i g u re s related giveaway of copies of David directly, but so far no one from the from the Association of American McCulloughs The Wright Brothers company has responded. The policy Publishers (AAP) found that e-book to readers passing through fty air- applies to Amazon.com as well as sales were down 10 percent in the ports. Amazon.co.uk and has been criti- first five months of 2015 and that Simon & Schuster joins Penguin cized by readers and authors in both e-book sales continue to represent Random House, which has a pro- countries. only about 20 percent of the market, gram with Amtrak, and Harper- a gure unchanged in years. Collins, which is collaborating with Pew Study on Library Use The article also quotes a number JetBlue. These programs are gener- A new study on public library use of independent booksellers whose ally popular, although some ques- from the Pew Research Center found businesses are thriving, including tion what these giveaways do for that overall use is down compared to Steve Bercu, co-owner of Texass authors royalties. 2012 and 2013, even as appreciation BookPeople, who expects 2015 to for libraries remains strong. As Pub- be the stores most successful year Amazon Book Review Policy lishers Weekly summarized, 46 per- since it opened in 1970. Amazon has begun blocking users cent of respondents reported a visit Just why e-book sales have from reviewing books written by to a physical library, or bookmobile, cooled is a matter of opinion. The ar- friends and familywith those re- down from 53 percent in 2012; and ticles author, Alexandra Alter, and lationships determined by the book- 22 percent reported using a library the several hundred readers who seller, based on social media activity. website in the past year, down from weighed in on the subject online If you follow an author on Twitter, 30 percent in 2013. Mobile access, offered a wide range of possible ex- for example, Amazon will consider meanwhile, is surging. planations: e-book prices have risen; the author to be your friend or fam- Respondents expressed an inter- e-reading devices have yet to be per- ily, and send you this message if you est in libraries providing services fected; print books are preferable for try to post a review of the authors beyond book lending, including an gifts; childrens books and picture book on its website: We removed expectation that libraries support books remain almost entirely on your Customer Reviews because local education; serve special constit- paper; e-books cannot be resold or you know the author personally. uents such as veterans, active-duty given away; readers may be shifting Due to the proprietary nature of military personnel and immigrants; to cheap or free self-published titles our business, we do not provide de- help local businesses, job seekers (the AAPs figures do not include tailed information on how we deter- and those upgrading their work self-published book sales). mine that accounts are related. skills. The findings showed an One reader summed up the Imy Santiago, an indie author expectation that libraries keep up mystery this way: So the Chicken and book blogger whose post on the with new technologies as well, with Littles were wrong. Its not this or issue helped spread the word about around 30 percent of [respondents] that. Its this AND that. Who cares, this practice, wrote in July, It is a 16 and older stating that libraries as long as people read? disservice to readers, and a back- should denitely move some print handed slap in the face of all authors books out of libraries to make room Publisher E-book Giveaways across the board. She and others for tech centers, reading rooms, Publishers are getting into the hos- have pointed out that authors build meeting rooms and cultural events. pitality business. Travelers who re- their careers around networking, The American Library Associ- serve stays of two or more nights both online and off, and that under ation responded to the surveys Authors Guild Bulletin 4 Fall 2015

5 results with a statement from the or- Christian group objecting to sexu- loose Amazons grip on the e-book ganizations president, Sari Feldman, ally explicit content, drug use and market. All five eventually settled who said that the survey shows the use of a slang term for female with the Department of Justice, sign- that public libraries are far from be- genitalia. ing agreements requiring them, for ing just nice to have, but serve as a New Zealands Film and Litera- a period of time, to use the whole- lifeline for their users, as the survey ture Board of Review applied an in- sale pricing model, under which shows more than 65 percent of those terim restriction and ordered the the publishers would sell books to surveyed felt that closing their local book pulled from libraries, schools retailers at list price, and retailers public library would have a major and bookstores, with nes imposed could set consumer prices as low impact on their community. on those who do not comply. (It is as they wanted. Each publisher was not illegal for individuals to own the free to return to agency pricing with Book Bans book, and readers in New Zealand Amazon after the expiration of its The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks, can still buy it from online book- consent agreement. It remains to be by Rebecca Skloot, is the critically stores outside of the country.) seen how the new pricing structures acclaimed and bestselling 2010 Dawe, a longtime teacher, said will affect publishers net profits, book about unauthorizedbut ulti- that he is dismayed in large part and, ultimately, authors e-royalties. mately medically groundbreaking because he knows the challenges research on a black womans cancer teachers face trying to find books Lost Blume Book cells following her death in 1951. that will interest boys. His fellow This summer a Brooklyn man posted The book resurfaced in the news at authors chimed in on Twitter with iers in his neighborhood with the the start of this school year when supportive comments, both seri- following plea for help finding an Skloot announced on her Facebook ous and humorous. Emily Perkins autographed 1970 edition of Judy page that a parent in Tennessee was pointed out that the ban will prob- Blumes classic novel, Are You There attempting to have the book banned ably make teenagers want to read God? Its Me, Margaret: from Knoxville high schools. The the book more, and Raybon Kan I accidentally gave this book parent, Skloot wrote, confused gy- tweeted, Wait til the NZ censorship away on Saturday July 25th in a box necology with pornography in her board nds out about 50 Shades of on the corner of Green & Franklin. objection to a passage describing Grey. Bookshops will be EMPTY. This book is extremely important Lackss self-examination in which to my wife. It was a keepsake from Big Five Return to Agency E-Book she discovered a tumor on her cer- her mother and is irreplaceable. On vix. Lacks was suffering from a sex- Pricing the inside cover is a note that reads ually transmitted disease contracted The Big Five publishers can once Christmas 1991. If you happened from her unfaithful husband; the more claim a degree of control over to pick up this book can you please objecting parent found the entire e-book prices. In June, Penguin get in touch with me. section problematic for teenaged Random House became the last Photos of the flier reached readers. of the five to sign a new distribu- Instagram and Twitter and, even- Skloot has received support tion deal with Amazon, and its be- tually, the author herself, who from many parties, including the come clear that PRHlike the other swooped in to help. Well see if vice principal of the school attended fouris selling e-books under a ver- we still have that cover anywhere, by the concerned mothers son. He sion of the agency sales model, she told The Daily News. It will praised the book as well as teachers which allows the publisher, not the never be the same. It will never say who include it in their curriculums, retailer, to set prices. For now, PRH Christmas 1991 or from Mom, but adding: The next book that the is pricing most hardcover new re- I can do my best. She may have to sophomores are reading? Fahrenheit leases a few dollars higher than the settle for a newer book, but I will 451 . . . Oh, sweet, sweet, irony. $9.99 Amazon often favors. sign it to her and write her a letter. A similar complaint spurred a This is just the latest develop- I love interacting with my readers, New Zealand book ban initiated not ment in an e-book pricing struggle and I really hope this story has a by a parent but by the country itself. that came to a head with the govern- happy ending. The Guardian reports that Into the ments 2012 price-xing suit against The man who posted the flier, River, a young adult novel by Ted Apple and the five biggest book Leonard Lasek, thanked Blume pro- Dawe, has become the rst book in publishers, U.S. v. Apple. The pub- fusely on Twitter, saying, Thank more than 20 years to be banned in lishers and Apple argued that their you from the bottom of my heart . . . New Zealand after an outcry from a cooperation was necessary to pry marriage saved!!! Authors Guild Bulletin 5 Fall 2015

6 publishing industry. When the big houses cut their From the President ad vertising budgets, in so doing they slashed the revenues to book review sections across the country. Should Writers Be Performers? Many of those book sections closed down, eliminating the reviews and the lively literary discourse that they By Roxana Robinson promoted. It was a strange way for the publishing in- dustry to treat its own most vital marketplace. Now publishing houses are pouring their resources R ecently I read an in- into seven-gure advances for a very small number of terview with a lively possible blockbusters. These books get the lions share Photo by David Ignaszewski publishing maven who of the advertising budget, the promotional energy and suggested that writers put on the attention. The majority of booksthe mid-listers, promotional performances in riskier books that get modest advancesget relatively order to support their writ- little promotion or attention. Its another mystifying re- ing habit, rather like the rock sponse to the suppliers on whom publishers depend. bands who now make all Why publish a book without supporting it? Why risk so their money on tours rather much money on a blockbuster that may fail colossally? than record sales. He suggested that actual books had Why publish a book without promoting it? Because the become like concert T-shirtscultural objects of minor fact is that promotion is not the writers job. value whose main value was fan validationproof Promotion is the opposite of writing. Its depleting. that you had been there. And this kind of creative promotion, is an act of des- He thought writers should think up new ways to peration. engage with their publicby making a deal with a You cant be a writer while you are onstage, an- local restaurant, for example, in which 10 people pay swering questions. The only place you can be a writer $150 each to have dinner with the writer. If the writer is alone with your mind, answering the questions that is shy, and doesnt want to have dinner with 10 strang- ers, he suggested other possibilities, like writing post- cards and sending them to people for a fee. This is a bit like telling writers to become skydiv- Writing is private. Thats the ers. Telling writers that they must engage with the world by standing up onstage in front of strangers, whole point. You do it alone. or by sitting down at the table with strangers, or by asking strangers on Kickstarter for an advance for the new book, is like asking them to become completely different people. come from yourself, the ones you can reconsider, shift Writing is private. Thats the whole point. You do and re-phrase, until you find yourself heading out it alone. Its you and the paper. You and the idea. You alone into the ranges you want to explore. Most writ- and the word. Standing up onstage and giving talks is ers are not performance artists. When were in public, a different thing. were not writing. When were writing, were not in Smiling and answering questions at a cocktail public. Which of these is a better use of our time? party is a different thing. Going to a local restaurant Moreover, if youre not well-known, none of these and asking them to nd 10 people who are willing to strategies of self-promotion is useful. No one will pay money to see an unknown writer. No one cares about pay $150 to watch you eat is a really different thing. your postcards. Whatever you can do, as a little-known Its hard enough for a new writer to ask a local book- author, is small compared to what your publisher, a store to stock her book. large organization with full-time professionals, could But, really, the main issue here is one of responsi- do. And if a publisher wants your work, why isnt he bility. Whose job is it to promote your book, yours or willing to support it? Why not write a commitment to your publishers? Which of you has qualied profes- promotion and publicity right into the contract? sionals who are skilled and experienced in doing just It might be better if the publishing houses let writ- this? Which of you is a complete amateur, with fun- ers do what theyre good at, which is writing, and damental professional reasons for not doing this job? if they did what theyre good at, which is editing Its mystifying that publishers should have shifted this and producing and promoting, the books they have responsibility onto writers, who are by denition ex- bought, believe in and support. perts in something else entirely. Thats called division of labor, and in the world of This is not the rst mystifying move made by the economics its quite highly thought of. Authors Guild Bulletin 6 Fall 2015

7 survey showed that author incomes are down, hybrid From the Home Ofce authorship is up, and authors are spending more time marketing than ever before. Rachel Deahl wrote a Dear Authors Guild Members, strong piece for Publishers Weekly featuring the survey results, which have already proven helpful in various First, Id like to extend a warm advocacy initiatives. welcome to all of our new The survey also showed us that the vast majority members, many of whom of you love the Bulletin and, somewhat surprising in joined at the behest of exist- the digital era (though not really), want to keep receiv- ing members, or through ing it in hard copy. We listened, and well continue to our outreach effort with the print and mail out the Bulletin. But, to save some print- American Literary Translators ing costs, we will send the Bulletin by e-mail instead of Association. Its essential that print to those who prefer to read it electronically. (We we continue to grow and its will be in touch by e-mail to nd out whether you are especially important that in that pool.) After a year of many transitions, we will we continue to reach out to get back to a regular publishing schedule next year, emerging, younger writers, but plan to publish only three times a year due to nec- when they are at a particularly vulnerable point in their essary budget cuts. careers and likely need our services the most. Each We have been particularly busy on the advocacy generation of authors faces its own distinct challenges, front. We continue our lobbying efforts in D.C. to but todays new writers could face a particularly hard road in trying to make ends meet through their writ- ing. Bearing that in mind, if you know a young writer who might stand to benet from the Guilds advocacy We continue to work on facilitating or services, please invite her or him to join us. We have much to look forward to. This fall were author events outside of New York. Let us hosting a new series of phone-in seminars and panel discussions, and well be attending a number of book know if you are willing to host or organize an festivals around the country in the coming year. We event in your town. It can be as simple just returned from the Novelists, Inc. conference in sunny Florida, and, looking forward, we plan to have a as a gathering in a bar or as formal as big presence at the Association of Writers and Writing Programs Conference in Los Angeles March 31 a panel discussion, interview or reading. April 2, 2016, so consider joining us there. In New York, under the stalwart leadership of Authors Guild council member Rachel Vail we are relaunching the childrens book author group. The groups monthly ensure that authors voices are heard loud and clear meetings, seminars, workshops and purely social during the ongoing copyright review in the House events around New York City will be listed on the Judiciary Committee. Authors Guild Events Page. Some of our advocacy efforts have drawn press at- We continue to work on facilitating author events tention to the work were doing on behalf of our mem- in cities outside of New York. Let us know if you are bers and the nations authors generally. Theres no willing to host or organize an event in your town. It doubt that some of the nations largest technology com- can be as simple as a gathering in a bar or as formal panies are proting healthily from delivering pirated as a panel discussion, interview or reading. We can content from their platforms. Our July letter to Con- also send staff members and other experts to a limited gress, asking for help combating online book piracy, number of locations to discuss legal and other issues was widely reported. What were asking is simply that (the limit is the bandwidth of our staff and travel bud- these rich corporations be held accountable. When an get). If that is of interest, contact us soon, before the Internet service provider receives notice that its host- calendar is lled in. ing infringing material, it should be required to take it We have now reviewed the results of our 2015 down and keep it down. Thats not asking too much. member survey, and in mid-September we pub- You also may have seen the Guild in the news for our lished a synopsis of our income study (The Wages leadership in an authors movement to persuade the of Writing) on our website. (See page 9.) Overall, the Department of Justice to investigate Amazon for anti- Authors Guild Bulletin 7 Fall 2015

8 trust violations in the book markets. Council Member Douglas Preston, in cooperation with the Guild, co- A New Option: Electronic authored a letter to the DOJ, warning that Amazons dominance of the book ecosystem threatens the free Delivery of the Bulletin ow of information and free expression in a manner Help us go green and cut down on costs, too. Well that is not healthy to our literary culture. Thanks to all soon be e-mailing members to ask if they want to of you who signed onto the letter, which was also en- receive the Bulletin electronically. If thats your dorsed by the American Booksellers Association and preference, you can let us know at www.authors the Association of Authors Representatives. guild.org Weve also been at work promoting a licensing so- lution to the mass digitization of copyrighted books. The U.S. Copyright Office, in the wake of its Report and we need to do it without detracting from our im- on Orphan Works and Mass Digitization, collected com- portant work. Needless to say, we cannot do it with- ments from the copyright community on the admin- out you. Youll see a bright green donate tab at the istration of a collective licensing pilot for the mass the top of our newly updated home page [authors digitization of literary works. Our comments, submit- guild.org] which will take you to the Authors Guild Foundation and Foundation Legal Defense Fund page. The Legal Defense Fund will be used to help nance the advocacy and litigation that we undertake for the It is important to remind ourselves that we benet of authors generally. While we realize many of you have little to spare right now, perhaps you have are the only organization in the U.S. out there friends and family who you think would like to con- tribute to the cause, and we hope nancially successful every day fighting for authors rights. authors will want to contribute as well. More importantly, we want your thoughts on our advocacy positions. As a membership organiza- tion, we exist to serve you and fight for your rights. ted on October 9, recommend a collective license for Understanding that inevitably there will be disagree- out-of-commerce books for research use, so that out- ment on a number of issues, we will actively seek of-print books, the mainstay of most libraries, might be your opinions on various issues this year through sur- accessible to students and researchers online and not veys or simple e-mail requests, and we welcome your wither away on library shelves unread. Authors who thoughts on our advocacy efforts and initiatives at any own the rights to their works would be paid a license time. Are there issues you feel we are not currently fo- fee and would be able to opt out of the license on a cusing on or could do more to address? Do you agree wholesale basis or for individual books. (See page 12.) or disagree with positions we have taken? What are Speaking of our advocacy, it is important to remind your biggest concerns in todays publishing world? ourselves that we are the only organization in the U.S. What aspects of your writing life do you need the most out there every day ghting for authors rights: we ac- help with? Let us know, with an e-mail to [email protected] tively lobby and litigate day in and day out to ensure guild.org or a message in the comments section of one that authors receive fair treatment and compensation of our blog posts. and that writing remains a viable profession. But it is As you no doubt already know, on October 16 expensive. We hope and trust that authors will join as we were about to go to print, we learned that the their fellow writers to support our advocacy endeav- United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit ors by joining, even if they do not need our services. held that Googles wholesale copying of millions of And members can support our advocacy by spreading copyright-protected works is a fair use (see page 11). the word through social media or blogs, or even good- We received the news with disappointment, but were old word of mouth. resolved to keep up the fight in the hope that the Although we raised our fees last year, we still Supreme Court will see t to remedy a decision that kept them relatively low, refusing to raise them to interferes with authors rights in their work and their align with cost of living increases. We want to make ability to prot from it. sure that membership is affordable for all authors. Onwards, But membership dues cover only one-third of our basic operating expenses, and so we find ourselves Mary Rasenberger facing the need to go into the fundraising business, Executive Director Authors Guild Bulletin 8 Fall 2015

9 course packs, excerpts and even full-text digitization, The Wages of Writing as well as library replacements, have dried up, thanks to the new free economy (where authors bear the costs while others freeride). The ubiquity of e-books T his spring, we conducted our rst major member means that online book piracy is a greater threat than survey since 2009.1 We used 2009 as the starting it was in 2009. Weve seen major consolidation within point in order to gauge how the digital transfor- the traditional publishing industry, which means less mation has affected writers livelihoods. In 2009, the e-book hadnt yet gained a foothold in the marketplace. A Codex Group survey that year showed that less than 5 percent of book buyers had purchased an e-book the The main finding from the survey previous month. By 2010, the industry understood that sweeping digital change was underway: increasingly is that respondents mean income is down sophisticated new devices had begun to ignite unprec- edented demand for and growth of digital media. The significantly . . . in all categories. potential scope and intensity of that growth were al- ready feared by many. After massive expansion, there were signs that, by 2015, the digital market had started to stabilize. In a recent analysis, Codex found that diversity among publishers, and with most major nearly 50 percent of readers had purchased an e-book publishers now owned by multinational corporations, in the last month, a tenfold increase from 2009. therea a tighter focus on the bottom line. These phe- The main nding from the survey is that respon- nomenaalong with Amazons strong-arming pub- dents mean income is down signicantly over this pe- lishers and authors on price and other terms on its way to becoming an industry behemoth, leaving thou- riod. This is the result of a conuence of factors. The sands of brick and mortar bookstores shuttered in its tech sector and free-content advocates have pushed wakehave combined to make the business of author- fair use to the breaking point. Royalties for uses like ship less protable than it was six years ago. 1 The 2015 survey was commissioned by the Authors Guild Authors income is down across all categories and conducted by the Codex Group, a leading publishing in- The writing-related income of full-time book authors dustry research rm. has dropped 30 percent since the 2009 survey, from AUTHORS INCOME IS DOWN ACROSS ALL CATEGORIES FULL-TIME AUTHORS $25,000 30% DECREASE PART-TIME AUTHORS $17,500 38% DECREASE $7,250 $4,500 2009 2015 2009 2015 Authors Guild Bulletin 9 Fall 2015

10 FULL-TIME AUTHORS WITH 15+ YEARS OF EXPERIENCE SAW THE GREATEST INCOME DECLINES $30,000 $28,750 $25,000 $23,000 47% DECREASE 67% $13,500 DECREASE $12,750 $12,500 $9,500 2009 2015 2009 2015 2009 2015 2009 2015 1015 1525 2540 40+ AUTHORS INCOME WITH EXPERIENCE $25,000 to $17,500. Part-time authors saw an even published, have proven adept at using new technolo- steeper decline, as their writing income over the same gies to connect with readers. period dropped 38 percent, from $7,250 to $4,500. Full-time authors with 15+ years of experience saw Most authors cant survive on writing alone the greatest income declines Only 39 percent of authors supported themselves ex- The survey shows that, for full-time authors, writing- clusively through writing-related work. The necessity related income generally increases with experience. of working supporting jobs cuts into the time authors But when the market contracts, these same authors would ideally spend on writing projects. have the biggest losses. In the new economy, it appears Authors increasingly take a hybrid approach to that experience isnt translating into rising income. publishing their books The pictures not pretty, but there are silver linings. The Of the authors surveyed, 33 percent have self- rise of hybrid authorship is an exciting development: published a book. This suggests that authors increas- authors now have more freedom in choosing a method ingly feel they have a choice of going with a traditional of publication and promotion that suits the needs of publishing house or taking the indie route on a per- the specic book theyre trying to market. And the op- project basis. And, we suspect, authors are starting to portunities for author-reader engagement are unsur- see self-publishing as an outlet for projects that have passed in the history of book publishingeven if this not found a home with traditional publishing houses. engagement competes with an authors writing time. Authors spend more time on marketing, less on writ- Nonetheless, when it comes to income, the results ing books are not good. Authors need to be cut in more equitably Authors time spent marketing and communicat- on the prots their publishers see. And copyright law ing with readers skyrocketed 59 percent since 2009. and policy need to be tailored to put authors concerns Traditional publishers promotional budgets have all at the forefront. With these survey results in hand, the but dried up, and many publishing contracts now Authors Guild has a clearer picture of the economic re- require authors to maintain a web and social media alities of authorship today, one that we can use to more presence. Many authors, both traditionally and self- effectively advocate for working authors. Authors Guild Bulletin 10 Fall 2015

11 Industry & Advocacy News will not give up our fight. Authors need to be pro- U.S. Appeals Court Ruling tected against the unauthorized, wholesale copying of their books for commercial purposes. Leaves Authors High and Dry In 2013, Judge Denny Chin, then sitting on the On Friday, October 16, the U.S. Second Circuit Court of bench of the U.S. District Court for the Second District Appeals released its long-awaited decision in Authors of New York, found that Googles copying of books Guild v. Google, nding that Googles copying is fair was fair use. The Authors Guild and others appealed use . . . and is therefore not infringing. Holding that that decision, arguing that Google effectively asked Googles digital copying was transformative and the Court to rewrite copyright law when it should offered the public no meaningful substitute for the copyrighted works, the court found that the project passed the test for fair use. Executive Director Mary Rasenberger responded We trust that the Supreme Court immediately, making clear the Guilds intention to pursue the case to the Supreme Court. An edited ver- will see fit to correct the Second Circuits sion of the release follows: reductive understanding of fair use, and NEW YORK, Oct. 16, 2015 The Authors Guild, Americas oldest and largest professional orga- to recognize Googles seizure of property nization for writers, questioned todays deci- as a serious threat to writers and sion by the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit in Authors Guild v. Google their livelihoods, one which will affect allowing Google to digitally scan authors pub- lished work without rst seeking permission. the depth, resilience and vitality The Authors Guild is disappointed that the of our intellectual culture. Court has failed to reverse the District Courts faulty interpretation of the fair use doctrine, Mary Rasenberger said Mary Rasenberger, Executive Director of the Authors Guild in New York. America owes its thriving literary culture to copyright protection, added Rasenberger. have obtained licenses from the rights holders before Its unfortunate that a Court as well-respected scanning their works. as the Second Circuit does not see the damag- Google Books does offer some benefits to re- ing effect that uses such as Googles can have searchers; many of our members use Google Books for on authors potential income. Most full-time au- research. But Google should pay authors for the use of thors live on the perilous edge of sustainability; their books, like any other service, said Rasenberger, as our recent income survey showed, even rela- who took over the top position at the Guild last year. tively small losses in income can make writing We are disheartened that the court was unable to for a living unsustainable. comprehend the grave impact that this decision, if The Authors Guild will pursue an audience with left standing, could have on copyright incentives the Supreme Court, Rasenberger said, adding, We and, ultimately, our literary heritage. We trust that the Supreme Court will see fit to correct the Second Circuits reductive understanding of fair use, and to Whats New? recognize Googles seizure of property as a serious threat to writers and their livelihoods, one which will For regular updates on the publishing industry, affect the depth, resilience and vitality of our intellec- copyright and other issues, check out Industry & tual culture. Advocacy News at www.authorsguild.org A link to the full ruling can be found at www .authorsguild.org. Authors Guild Bulletin 11 Fall 2015

12 as not to interfere with existing digital markets. And Extended Collective License importantly, authors and other rightsholders must be Would Offer Unprecedented able to opt out of the license on a wholesale basis or at the level of the individual book. Access to Millions of Books Research is increasingly moving online, and we owe it to our past and our future to make sure the Its never been done in this country, but extended col- best of our culture is available there. We think an ECL lective licensing, a staple of mass digitization projects solution to mass digitization is the best way to make in northern Europe, is a step closer to making its way that happen, because its a win for everyone who has a to the U.S. The licensing regime, also known by its stake in the outcome. The public would get online ac- acronym ECL, enables the use of large categories of cess to the entirety of immensely valuable works of sci- works without requiring the user to negotiate individ- ence and imaginationnot just the snippets offered by ually with every rightsholder. Such an arrangement Google. Authors would get access to a much-needed is especially useful in the mass digitization context, revenue stream in an era where fair pay is harder to where the cost of negotiating individual licenses for come by than ever. And libraries and other institutions the many works involved is often prohibitive. The U.S. would reap the benets of digitizing their collections Copyright Ofce, in the wake of its Report on Orphan and more effectively fulfilling their missions in the Works and Mass Digitization, has been collecting com- digital era. ments from the copyright community on the admin- At this point, many details remain to be ironed out, istration of an ECL pilot program covering literary but well be at the table to make sure that authors in- works, among other things. terests are accounted for. In the meantime, were en- In comments submitted by the Authors Guild, we couraged by the Copyright Offices affirmation that stipulate that digital copies of books already digitized despite the complexity of the issues surrounding cre- by Google and used in Google Book Search should be ation of an ECL regime in the United States, they are eligible for the pilot program. Also, we advocate that by no means insurmountable. the class of books at issue should be limited to out-of- You can read the Authors Guilds extended com- commerce books for research use. Its important that ments on the Guild website, in the Industry & Advo- the license be limited to out-of-commerce works so cacy News section. Authors Guild Bulletin 12 Fall 2015

13 A Publishing Contract Should Not Be Forever The Authors Guild Diamonds may be forever, but book contracts should not be. Theres no good reason why a book should Fair Contract be held hostage by a publisher for the lifetime of the copyright, the life of the author plus seventy years Initiative essentially forever. Yet thats precisely what happens today. An Update Authors victimized by this status quo know that its long past time for publishers to offer a fair deal. We believe three basic changes are urgently needed: I n the last issue of the Bulletin, we previewed our (1) time-limited contracts, (2) a clause that provides for latest advocacy project, the Authors Guild Fair reversion of unexploited rights, and (3) a specic new Contract Initiative. We hoped, among other things, unchallengeable denition to replace historic out of to start a conversation within the industry about anti- print clauses that are not remotely relevant in the quated and unfair clauses in the standard contracts electronic age. that publishers slip under the noses of unwitting writ- ersespecially the young and unagented among us. Authors, Keep Your Copyrights. You Earned Them. We are happy to say that we succeeded in start- Most trade publishers do not ask for an outright as- ing the conversation. The support we have received signment of all exclusive rights under copyright; from authors organizations around the globe has their contracts usually call for copyright to be in the been overwhelming. Publishing industry observers from all corners have been voicing opinions on the individual Fair Contract installments, which, as of press time, have dealt in depth with four individual The sentiment from writers, agents contract clauses. The pieces have stirred up disparate views and plenty of controversy and that is all part of and commentators alike [in response to the planto get people talking about these obsolete or draconian clauses. Overall, the sentiment from writers, the Fair Contract Initiative] has been, agents and commentators alike has been, Its about Its about time the Guild pointed this out. time the Guild pointed this out. Now lets see some change. That is exactly what we intend to dostart Now lets see some change. inciting change through dialogue with publishers and agents, with our members help. You can nd the full text of all our entries to date at authorsguild.org. If youve been hibernating, here are authors name. But its another story in the world of some key excerpts from the series: university presses. Most scholarly publishers routinely present their authors with the single most draconian, Half of Net Proceeds Is the Fair Royalty Rate for unfair clause we routinely encounter, taking all the ex- E-Books clusive rights to an authors work as if the press itself Traditionally, the author-publisher partnership was an authored the work: The Author assigns to Publisher equal one. Authors earned around 50 percent of their all right, title and interests, including all rights under books prots. But todays standard contracts give au- copyright, in and to the work . . . Bad idea. thors just 25 percent of the publishers net receipts (more or less what the publisher collects from a book Delete the Non-Compete sale) for e-book royalties . . . Authors must be free to publish the works they want That doesnt look like a partnership to us. to write. But publishers often insist on terms that can We maintain that a 50-50 split in e-book prots is make that impossible. In attempting to restrict authors fair because the traditional author-publisher relation- from competing against their own works, publishers ship is essentially a joint venture. The author writes craft broad, harsh non-compete clauses that can un- the book, and by any fair measure the authors efforts fairly impede authors from making a living. These represent most of the labor invested and most of the clauses have to go. resulting value. The publisher, like a venture capital- Dont get us wrong: we get the basic concept. An ist, invests in the authors work by paying an advance author shouldnt be able to take a book under contract so the author can make ends meet while the book gets with Publisher X, rework it a little, walk it across the nished. street, and sell essentially the same book to Publisher Authors Guild Bulletin 13 Fall 2015

14 Y. Thats what non-compete clauses were designed alty accounting, and as usual, those terms are mired to prevent, and when thats all they actually do, in the practices of a bygone age. For openers, most were fine with themalthough other provisions in publishers pay royalties twice a year on income that publishing agreements accomplish the same thing. they may have received as long as nine months before. Unfortunately, many standard publishing agreements In an era when financial records were kept by hand contain sweeping non-compete terms that can be used in ink, that might have made some sense; today, when to restrict what else an author publishes and when. computers account for money and it can be transferred Thats an unacceptable restriction on authors liveli- electronically to authors accounts, it makes none. We hoods in an era when many writers are struggling just understand that publishers themselves often have to to make ends meet. wait months for payment from wholesalers and retail- ers, but in a world where Amazon manages to pay its Option Clauses Shouldnt Hold Authors Hostage Kindle Direct authors monthly, theres no reason why A few authors are lucky enough to sign multi-book traditional publishers cant tighten up the turn-around deals worth six or seven gures. But many more writ- time and pay their authors more quickly. We believe ers, without really thinking about it, tie themselves to that fair book contracts should specify quarterly pay- ments of income received by the publisher no more than three months in the past. Publishing agreements are among Up next, well take on dwindling advance payments, reserves against returns, authors approval rights and the most one-sided documents most authors more. Stay tuned, and help us keep the conversation going. ever see. But they enable another set of documents that can be at least The Authors Guild Foundation as baffling and unjust: royalty statements. Legal Defense Fund Over the past ten years, the Authors Guild has fought on a number of fronts to protect authors unprotable multi-book deals in the form of one-sided rights on behalf of the entire creative community. options or next book clausesand they do it for free. Weve fought in the courtroom when necessary, Option clauses in publishing agreements vary, but but weve also stood up against Amazons indus- generally they give the publisher rst dibs on the au- try dominance and publishers unfair contracts in thors next book. Some options are relatively benign, the press, in the corridors of government, and in granting the publisher rights of rst look or rst ne- publishers boardrooms. The benefits of our ef- gotiation (i.e., the right to see the next book rst and forts extend to creators everywhere. negotiate for a limited period of time after reviewing In order to continue our advocacy efforts it). Others are never fair, in our view, such as clauses without sacricing member support and daily op- that grant the publisher a right of last refusal (i.e., even erations, we have established the Authors Guild if the publisher turns it down at rst, it can come back Foundation Legal Defense Fund, created through and match any other publishers offer) or the ability the Authors Guild Foundation to support the to wait until after the first book is published, or the Authors Guilds key advocacy initiatives. With second book completed, to make up its mind. Clauses the help of your tax-deductible contribution, we that do so unfairly impede an authors ability to write will continue the fight to ensure a competitive and publish. publishing industry for decades to come, and to ensure that strong copyright protection and cre- Publishers Payment and Accounting Practices Need ators rights continue to have an advocate in our to Keep Up with the Times legal system. Publishing agreements, as our Fair Contract Initiative If you prefer to give to other campaigns, your keeps demonstrating, are among the most one-sided donation to the Authors Guild Foundation will documents most authors ever see. But they enable an- support educational programs for authors and help other set of documents that can be at least as bafing protect the livelihood of writing. Donate at www and unjust: royalty statements. (See page 19.) .authorsguild.org/donate/. The publishing contract dictates the terms of roy- Authors Guild Bulletin 14 Fall 2015

15 Since there are several different Consumer Price CONTRACTS Q&A Indexes published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, it is important to specify which one will be used (e.g., By Mark L. Levine CPI-U, All Urban Consumers). Also, specify the base year to be used for the computationyour accountant Q. I find a lot of typos in the e-books that I read. Is there or lawyer will tell you the proper one to useand how anything I can add to my book contracts to prevent this from happening to my work? A. The problems tend to occur more frequently with older books than new ones. This is likely because the digital files for those books are often based on OCR E-book typos, out of print rules, (optical character recognition) scans of a printed book subsidiary e-book rights, and the rather than, as now, from the word processing files submitted by an author. Those scans require a lot of nefarious practice of quartering. cleanup and careful proofreading to eliminate the er- rors inherent in the procedure. Most publishers do a good job of correcting the digital text, but it behooves an author to get an advance digital copy to proofread often the adjustment should be made (perhaps every also. five or ten years). For more information about these If youre signing a new contract for an old book or clauses, see 1.usa.gov/1ihftJ9. amending an existing contract to grant e-book rights, specify that you must receive a digital copy of the 3. Add that the book will also be considered out e-book to proofread in sufcient time for your correc- of print if the total number of copies sold dur- tions, if any, to be made before it is published. If your ing the period is less than a specied number publisher plans to issue one of your existing books as (e.g., 250). an e-book and already has the rights, I suggest you 4. Consider having separate out-of-print provi- handle the matter informally and request a digital sions for the print and digital editions. This is copy from your editor to proofread. likely to be more important for the print edition Q. In my next contract, I plan to ask that my book be con- and would let you try to get another hardcover sidered out of print if royalty checks for any two consecutive or trade paperback publisher if your publish- six-month periods total less than $350. Is there anything ers edition is out of print and it hasnt licensed else I should ask for in this section? those rights. A. Consider these: 5. Require that the out-of-print provisions in any license for U.S. English-language book 1. Specify that the $350 must derive only from rights, especially if to a company afliated with royalties on sales of the publisher s English- the publisher, be at least as strict as those in language print edition in the United States (and your contract. Canada, if it has those rights) and from royalties on sales of the publishers English-language e- Q. I know that its been fairly standard to list, early in a book edition anywhere. Money from subsidiary contract, the rights an author is granting to a publisher and rights licenses should not be included. then conclude that list with the phrase and to license such 2. Include a cost-of-living escalation clause to rights to others or similar language. Is this appropriate in minimize the effect of inflation if your book the e-book era too? stays in print for a long time. Ination causes A. The seemingly benign and historically standard the price of almost everything, including books, right for a publisher to license such rights to oth- to go up. If the price of your book goes up, so ers should not apply to publication of an English- does the amount of the royalty you get on each language e-book edition for sale in the United States. copy sold. So while $350 could represent roy- Given the current state of technology, there is no valid alties on two hundred copies today, it could reason for the publisher with whom the author signed represent only one hundred copies should the the contract to not also publish that edition. books price double over time. The situation is not comparable to hardcover pub- Authors Guild Bulletin 15 Fall 2015

16 lishers licensing paperback rights to a mass market While language specically permitting this could publisher. The publishing and marketing of mass mar- appear anywhere in a contract, it is most likely to be ket paperbacks require separate skills and resources in the subsidiary rights or royalties section. Here is the (cover art, distribution channels and marketing). offending language from one contract, contained un- Treating the licensing of U.S. English-language e-book der a heading titled Other Royalties: editions for the general reading public as a subsidiary Publisher shall pay Author a royalty of 10 per- right and allowing the original publisher to license cent of Publishers net receipts from each copy those editions would halve an authors royalties from of the domestic print or electronic edition of those e-book sales without any compensating benet the Work sold by the Publisher for use outside to the author. the United States to an international subsidiary, Any exceptions that the author and publisher con- branch, afliate or division of the Publisher or sider appropriate (e.g., licenses for book club editions to a third party. and licenses to non-publishing companies that wish to use the e-book as a premium) can be described spe- This topic is discussed in more detail in my col- cically and included in the subsidiary rights section umn in the Spring 2011 issue of the Bulletin (see bit of the contract. Most likely that will be unnecessary, .ly/1K0rFIU). howeverat least for book club and premium edi- tionssince the subsidiary rights sections for such li- E-mail questions to [email protected] censes generally do not limit those provisions to print Questions are often edited for readability or to make them editions only. more broadly applicable. The answers in this column are general in nature only Q. What is quartering? and may not include exceptions to a general rule or take into account related facts that may result in a different answer. A. Quartering describes a nefarious practice of cer- You should consult a lawyer for information about a partic- tain (primarily textbook) publishers that results in ular situation. No question submitted, or answer provided, authors receiving less in royalties than they properly creates an attorney-client relationship with the columns anticipated when signing their contracts. It occurs author. when publishers who pay royalties based on net the amount a publisher receives from the books pur- chasersell large quantities of a book to an afliated Mark L. Levine, a New company at a price lower than it would have charged York lawyer, is the author of distributors, booksellers or customers. Negoti ating a Book Contract: The author s royalties are based on this lower A Guide for Authors, Agents price notwithstanding that the afliate then sells those and Lawyers. A third edi- books to distributors, booksellers and other customers tion of the book will be pub- at the higher prices the publisher would have charged lished in 2016. He is also an had it sold them directly to those customers itself. adjunct professor at Cardozo Presumably because of navet or poor advice, some Law School and Baruchs contracts signed by authors even specically authorize Zicklin School of Business and the founder of www this practice! .BookContracts.com. Authors Guild Bulletin 16 Fall 2015

17 A Fair Deal The Perspective of a Midlist Author By Jon Turk B ack in 1972, after my rst book sold reasonably well, my editor marched me up to the presidents office. In a fatherly, friendly, but austere voice, the white-haired man told me: There are two kinds of authors in this world. Those who make money for the company. And those who dont make money for the company. Its now 2015, 45 years since I handed in my rst typewritten manuscript. In that time, Ive published 28 books. Every manuscript has paid off its advance; every book has made money for the company. But Ive never made a lot of money for anyone, myself in- cluded. As they say in the lingo: Im a midlist author. So jump to 2012. I pass security in the venerable, There are two kinds of authors in this world. historic Flatiron Building in New York City and take Those who make money for the company. the elevator up to meet with my current editor at St. Martins Press. The mood here is more like being in the And those who dont make money principals ofce in fourth grade than in my fathers library. He is lecturing me about my shortcomings. for the company. But didnt The Ravens Gift make money for the company? I protest meekly. Yes. Didnt it get good reviews? made sure to pocket my change and got back in my Yes. battered pickup to nd a place to spread out my sleep- So, cant you trust me again? ing bag for the night. No. Were going to pass on this one. Over the next few months, I decided that to sur- I started off as a textbook writer. Its formula vive, I could no longer be a writer who told stories. work. If you play by the rules, have a good team I must become a storyteller who used writing as one behind you, and are a nano-smidgen more cre- tool in a quiver of tricks. I studied acting and stage ative than the competition, you can prosper. But presence, stopped reading in front of audiences and ultimately I wanted to be a trade book writer. So tried to emulate the ancient bards of Greece and the I penned Cold Oceans, got a contract with Harper- jugglers and court jesters of medieval kings. People Collins and took a 90 percent cut in pay. And made started paying me to give readings. And with the hon- money for the company. But not a lot of money. orariums, I got much bigger audiences. Then, I joined The low point in my trade book career was the day a modern dance troupe to create a dance performance I was driving across the country on a book tour, minus of The Ravens Gift and told the story through music, an expense account, sleeping in roadside ditches and visuals and ecstatic motion. eating peanut butter sandwiches. I veered off the free- Over the years, I performed as a storyteller way to travel north on blue highways, into the Upper at Lincoln Center and danced in Boston and San Peninsula of Michigan, to give a reading. I spent $50 Francisco. But despite the fact that I was standing in on gas, had an audience of eight and sold two books. front of audiences, selling books and slowly building No big deal. Id been there before. But when the ma- brand recognitionthat critical platform to pro- tronly bookstore owner charged me $0.99 for the bottle mote my new book, I still walked out of the seven- of water she handed me before the event, I felt that minute interview at St. Martins with a rejection of my I had hit rock bottom. I quietly handed her a dollar, newest proposal that stung. Authors Guild Bulletin 17 Fall 2015

18 Get real. Youve never made a lot of money for any- The Authors Guild Fair Contract Initiative, the one, have you, Jon? lead article in the Spring/Summer 2015 Bulletin, re- When my agent retired a few months ago, I faced minds us that, The traditional publishing enterprise a decision: Retire and abandon my new manuscript, was conceived as a joint venture, with authors and self-publish or plunge back into the system and nd publishers working as partners. . . . So why not toss a new agent. No, no and no. Instead I fired off an e- out all the complications, all the legal mumbo jumbo, mail to a friend of mine, Randal Macnair, who owns and create a true partnership? The contract Randal Oolichan Books, a small, but well-established and and I wrote was simple, short and radical. Instead of well-respected Canadian publishing company. An asking Oolichan for an advance, I would split the cost of production, printing, and so on, 50-50 with them. Expenses for promotion, subject to agreement to in- cur them for travel, etc., were also to be shared 50-50. The contract [we] wrote was simple, short Finally, we would split the income, from whatever source, also 50-50. Publishers, and authors, sell books and radical. Instead of asking Oolichan for an at many different prices and discounts, in my case from full retail on my website or at my performances, advance, I would split the cost of production, to less, less and even more less through a variety of printing, and so on, 50-50 with them. . . . distributors and retailers and in electronic formats. No need to ght over a zillion separate clauses; we share Finally, we would split the income, from everything, together, 50-50. To quote again from the Fair Contract Initiative whatever source, also 50-50. article: One agented contract weve seen includes at least 96 changes from the original. . . . Ninety-six changes? We have barely 96 sentences. I turned in my manuscript last week, Crocodiles and hour after hitting the Send button, after a quick Ice: A Journey into Deep Wild. No one knows how this urry of e-mails, we had agreed, in principle, to work together. But what kind of contract should we write? Continued on page 34 E. L. Doctorow, 19312015 Author E. L. Doctorow, a longtime supporter of the how he hoped his books would affect history, he an- Guild, died on Tuesday, July 21, in New York City. swered with characteristic insight. He was 84 years old. We know, any of us who work as writers, Doctorow had been a board member of the the history of our profession and the perver- Authors League Fund since 1980, and a member of sity of it. How good people write bad books the Authors Guild since 1975. His booksamong and bad people write good books. How them Worlds Fair, Ragtime, The Book of Daniel, and good books disappear and bad books dont Billy Bathgatecaptured the popular imagination disappear. And how for every champion of while winning critical acclaim. The author of twelve the very idea of what it is to be a writer, like novels, three books of short stories, and a play, Emerson, you have some genius working Doctorow was best known as a writer of historical in obscurity, like Melville, who after a brief ction. early success dies and only happens to be re- His many honors include the PEN/Saul discovered forty years after his death. So the Bellow Award for Achievement in American unpredictability of the value of any work is Fiction, the National Book Foundations Medal for the essential message that you get when you Distinguished Contribution to American Letters, think about these things. and the Library of Congress Prize for American Fiction. Doctorow is survived by his wife, Helen Seltzer; Doctorow approached the profession of writing a son; two daughters; and four grandchildren. The with wisdom, humor, and humility. When asked, in Authors Guild is honored by his many years of sup- an interview with the National Book Foundation, port and friendship. Authors Guild Bulletin 18 Fall 2015

19 i.e., the contractually agreed-upon time How to frame for the accumulation and payment of royalties. Deconstruct Reporting periods can range from a month to a year, but are typically six & Decipher months or a year. Publishers payment terms also vary, but three months after Royalty the end of the reporting period is typi- cal. Thus, an author who receives royal- Statements ties on an annual basis, with a royalty check issued three months after the end of the reporting period, will receive a By Juli Saitz royalty statement for sales from three to 15 months earlier. It is important to keep D eciphering a royalty statement to determine these time frames in mind when reviewing statements. whether your royalties Are being accurately re- Royalty statements contain a number of different ported can be frustrating for both rst time and areas. First, the Category of each sale should be noted. veteran authors. This should provide information about where a book Royalty calculations should be relatively straight- was sold. Category descriptions might also denote forward. That is, the contractually agreed-upon roy- certain types of sales, such as hardcover or trade pa- alty rate for the Work, multiplied by the earnings perback versions of the work. Ideally, there should be received by the publisher. However, add in escalation separate categories reported for any type of sale that clauses, varying rates for different sales categories or has a specic royalty rate attached to it. But categories channels, coauthorship, packaged products, e-books, on royalty statements can be confusing to authors. The custom editions, high discount sales, best-seller bo- named categories on a particular publishers royalty nuses, agreed-upon deductions, returns for reserves, reports reect that publishers internal reporting struc- specic denitions of earnings, etc., and the calcula- tures and systems, so these categories will differ by tion of royalties becomes much more complex. publisher. For example, one publisher may not distin- guish Canadian sales from export sales. Another will Deconstructing a royalty statement report Canadian sales as a separate and distinct cat- Royalty statements can range from one to hundreds egory. of pages per reporting period. Many publishers pro- The next area of focus is Net Units, which represent vide a summary in addition to the detailed figures. the total number of units sold less any copies returned The simplified example below illustrates a royalty during the reporting period. Some publishers will also statement for one ISBN during one reporting period report gross units and returned units. Net Units gen- JONES & SMITH PUBLISHING ROYALTY STATEMENT FOR: A.G. Stern Title: Negotiating Your First Book Contract ROYALTY PERIOD: 1/1/2015 - 6/30/2015 ISBN #: 123-456-ISBN-03 STATEMENT DATE: 9/30/15 Copyright Year: 2012 Royalty Earned Category Net Units Net Revenue Royalty Rate Total Royalty Author's Share Current Period Hardcover 989 $ 16,813 13% $ 2,186 75% $ 1,639 Trade Paperback 4,219 $ 16,876 7.5% $ 1,266 75% $ 949 Ebook 840 $ 8,400 7.5% $ 630 75% $ 473 Export 76 $ 228 10% $ 23 75% $ 17 Subrights n/a $ 420 50% $ 210 75% $ 158 Total 6,124 $ 42,737 $ 4,314 $ 3,236 Balance Forward: (400) Life to Date: 9,369 Deductions: (780) Amount Payable this Statement: $ 2,056 Authors Guild Bulletin 19 Fall 2015

20 erally represent royalty-bearing units that have been sons for a Balance Forward, reecting a remainder of sold, and to which a royalty should be applied. an advance that has not been fully earned, a recalcu- Royalty statements often contain a cumulative lation of royalties earned during a previous reporting or Life-to-Date amount for Net Units of a particular period or a balance due because a payment was not ISBN. This represents the total number of copies of a sent to the author in the previous period. To under- book sold since publication. Adding the Net Units on stand what the Balance Forward amount is comprised the current royalty statement to the Life to Date gure of, the previous reporting periods royalty statement contained on the immediately preceding royalty state- must be reviewed. ment should equal Life to Date units on the current Deductions reduce the amount payable on royalty royalty statement. statements. These deductions are contractually driven Net Revenue represents the dollars received for sales and may include charges for items like permissions of Net Units by the publisher. Most royalty agreements fees, indexing or research. Some publishers do not apply the royalty rate to Net Revenue; however, this is include descriptions of these charges on their royalty not always the case as there could be royalties due un- statements, which can make it difcult for authors to der the contract based upon gross revenue (sales dol- evaluate the appropriateness of particular deductions. lars before returns) or some amount per unit. Similar to unit reporting, some publishers will provide informa- Aside from the mechanics of royalty statements, tion related to gross sales dollars and related returns in the question for many authors remainsAre the roy- dollars. It is also important to know the price on which alty statements accurate? the royalties are based, as it can vary by the type of The difficulty in addressing this question is that book (textbooks, ction or nonction). Publishers may royalty statements do not include all of the informa- pay royalties based upon list price, invoice price or ac- tion needed to determine the accuracy of royalty tual net receipts collected by the publisher. payments. In order to test the veracity of royalty state- ments, authors need more detailed information than The Royalty Rate is the contractual rate agreed to by can possibly be contained on a royalty statement. the author and the publisher for various types of sales Specically: of books and other materials. When reviewing a roy- s)NVENTORYINFORMATIONRELATEDTOTHEPRINTING alty statement, it is important to check the underlying and ultimate sale or disposal of books; publishing agreement to ensure that these rates are correct. Errors can easily occur if the correct royalty s)NFORMATIONRELATEDTOTHESALEANDDISTRIBU- rates are not applied within the publishers accounting tion of e-books or other electronic content; systems. For example, a book may have an escalation s5NDERLYINGSALESANDRETURNRECORDS clause, but if there is a lack of a reliable mechanism s0UBLISHERSLISTOFALL)3".SASSOCIATEDWITH within the accounting system to trigger a higher rate an author and indication as to whether each is after a certain sales volume of books has been reached, royalty vs. non-royalty bearing, and the assigned royalty rate and resulting payments to s3UB RIGHTSAGREEMENTSANDRECORDSOFMONIES the author will be incorrect. received for these contracts. The Authors Share is the amount of royalty attribut- able to the author when a coauthorship agreement ex- Requests to publishers for a brief walk-through of their ists. This gure should be straightforward, but again, specic royalty statement format can provide authors should be checked, as coauthorship agreements often with the knowledge needed to better understand their change and mistakes can occur with respect to updates statements. If authors have specic questions related within the publishers system. to a royalty statement, they can and should seek addi- tional documentation from their publishers. The Royalty Earned in the Current Period can be computed as: Net Revenue multiplied by Royalty Rate Juli Saitz is a Senior Managing Director at Ankura multiplied by Authors Share. Consulting Group, where she leads the rms royalty Yet the Royalty earned in the Current Period may compliance practice and works with authors and cor- not match the amount of the royalty payment. To un- porate clients in asserting their rights to audit licensed derstand that, one must consider the Balance Forward copyrights, trademarks and patents. She is currently and Deductions. focused on the shift in the publishing industry to elec- The Balance Forward is the amount due or owed from tronic content delivery methods and adaptive learning the previous reporting period. There are myriad rea- platforms in education. Authors Guild Bulletin 20 Fall 2015

21 L E G A L WAT C H A Question of Viewing Privacy cesses his or her streaming account from a television screen or other Netix-ready device, and the contents Mollett v. Netix, Inc.: thus are visible to anyone present while the subscriber U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit is accessing his or her account. Netix maintained that it had not violated the law Meghan Mollett and Tracy Hellwig, two Netix sub- because it was simply displaying the information to scribers, brought suit against the subscription video service in Mollett v. Netix. They alleged that the com- panys display of its subscribers viewing histories and rental queues violated the Video Privacy Protection Act (VPPA), a federal law prohibiting video vendors Beware the share: If you dont want from disclosing information about their customers. (It violated a similar California statute as well.) As the your friends or family members to know Court of Appeals noted, the VPPA was enacted in 1988 what youve been watching on Netflix, in response to the Washington City Papers publication of Supreme Court nominee Robert Borks video rental keep your password and your history. Molletts and Hellwigs complaint was based on screening devices under lock and key. the fact that information about Netflix subscribers viewing habits can sometimes be seen by others. For Netix members who subscribe to its video streaming plan, Netix provides lists of suggested content orga- the users themselves, which is permissible under the nized by category, as well as the subscribers recent law and that, to the extent that any third parties had viewing history and streaming queue. When a stream- viewed the information, Netflix had not knowingly ing subscriber accesses his or her account via com- or willfully disclosed the information to those third puter, the automatically generated lists are displayed parties. The District Court agreed and dismissed the on the users account homepage. The very same lists plaintiffs claims. Mollett and Hellwig appealed, but are also automatically displayed when a subscriber ac- met with a similar fate in the appellate court. The Court of Appeals noted that the statutory lan- guage was broad, prohibiting a videotape service Legal Services Scorecard provider from knowingly disclosing personally From May 1 through October 1, 2015, the Authors identiable information about one of its customers to Guild Legal Services Department handled 430 le- any person and providing for liquidated damages gal inquiries. Included were: of $2,500 for any violation. The statute, however, does permit the disclosure of a consumers rental history to 69 book contract reviews the consumer herself, or to third parties when the con- 14 agency contract reviews sumer has provided written consent. 24 reversion of rights inquiries Any VPPA claim must allege 1) that the defendant 52 inquiries on copyright law, including is a videotape service provider, 2) that the service pro- infringement, registration, duration and vider disclosed personally identifiable information fair use concerning any customer to any person. 3) the disclosure was made knowingly, and 4) the disclo- 11 inquiries regarding securing permissions sure was not authorized by the VPPA. Here, because and privacy releases requirements 3 and 4 were not met, the court found 11 electronic rights inquiries that Netixs disclosure of the subscribers user infor- 249 other inquiries, including literary estates, mation to the subscriber herself was permissible under contract disputes, periodical and multi- the VPPA. The court held that this was plainly a dis- media contracts, movie and television op- closure to the consumer as permitted by the VPPA. tions, Internet piracy, liability insurance, Regardless of whether the subscriber chooses to access nding an agent and attorney referrals the account on a regular computer, entering a pass- word every time, or chooses to access the account via Authors Guild Bulletin 21 Fall 2015

22 an internet-ready device that does not require a pass- 13-month-old son, What do you think of the music? word each time, there is no statutory burden on Netix The toddler responds by bouncing up and down while to block that information from view, the court found, smiling at the camera. since in both cases, the subscriber is accessing his or In June 2007, Lenz received a takedown notifica- her own account. tion from YouTube, which informed her that the video Further, the court found that the fact that a sub- had been removed per a copyright complaint YouTube scriber has granted a third-party access to her account had received from Universal Music Corp., alleging un- (by sharing a password, for example) does not affect authorized use of the song under the DMCA and stat- the legality of Netflixs disclosures, because Netflix ing that Universal had a good faith belief that the merely transmits information automatically to what- video was not authorized by the copyright owner, ever device a subscriber has connected to the Netix its agent, or the law. The notice did not specically account. The lawfulness of a disclosure, in other words, mention fair use, nor was there any mention of fair should not depend on circumstances beyond Netixs use in the internal protocols that Universal circulated control. As such, the court held that Netix had no lia- among content monitors who sh out infringing me- bility to prohibit disclosures to the consumer merely dia from YouTube. Lenz led a counter-notication to because they can be viewed by third parties who had YouTube, which Universal challenged by arguing that been granted access to the account by the subscribers themselves. After all, its the subscriber, not Netflix, who has control over third-party access to the account and the information contained therein. Accordingly, the Court of Appeals afrmed the District Courts dis- In February 2007, Stephanie Lenz uploaded a missal of both the federal and California law claims. 29-second home video to YouTube. Michael Gross Staff Attorney It shows her two young children dancing in the kitchen to Lets Go Crazy. Baby Video Goes Beyond Viral Lenz v. Universal Music Corp. U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit it had authorized neither Lenz nor YouTube to use the content. Lenzs counter-notication nevertheless com- When copyright owners discover that their work has pelled YouTube to reinstate the video in mid-July. been infringed on the Internet, their first recourse is In July 2007, Lenz led a claim against Universal the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA), which Music for tortious interference and requested declara- lets authors and other rightsholders send takedown tory relief, which was rejected by the federal district notices to the service provider hosting the infringe- court. Lenz then led her claim for misrepresentation ment. Now a federal appeals court has complicated under 512(f) of the DMCA, alleging that Universal this process, requiring copyright owners to consider Music had misrepresented its good faith in the take- whether fair use is involved before sending a notice. down notice because it did not have a good faith belief On September 14, 2015, the U.S. Court of Appeals that Lenzs use of the Princes song was unauthor- for the Ninth Circuit issued its opinion in Lenz v. ized. Both parties moved for summary judgment in Universal Music Corp., a lawsuit involving a YouTube the matter. The district court denied both Lenzs and clip of a toddler dancing to Princes song Lets Go Universals motions, and certified the ruling for ap- Crazy. The court, in afrming a lower court decision, peal to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. held that the DMCA requires copyright holders to The Ninth Circuit, in its review, addressed two consider fair use before sending a takedown notica- main issues: 1) whether the DMCA requires copyright tion and that failure to do so raises a triable issue as holders to consider whether the potentially infring- to whether the copyright holder formed a subjective ing material [was] a fair use of the copyright . . . be- good faith belief that the use was not authorized by fore issuing a takedown notication, and 2) whether law. Universal had misrepresented its good faith in alleging In February 2007, Stephanie Lenz uploaded a that Lenzs video was unauthorized. On the rst issue, 29-second home video to YouTube. It shows her two the courtconsidering the legislative history of the young children dancing in the kitchen to Lets Go Crazy. Four seconds into the video, Lenz asks her Continued on page 38 Authors Guild Bulletin 22 Fall 2015

23 Bret Anthony Johnston: Passion for the work. Im un- Agent & Author convinced that where an agent works or which writers she represents makes a lick of difference. What makes Roundtable all the difference in the world is how deeply the agent identifies with the writer and the work. The agent Agents and Authors on has to be passionate about the work she represents. I would take passion over fancy letterhead or a rock star Finding the Right Agent client list every time. Karen Karbo: A good agent understands your work, By Barbara DeMarco-Barrett your strengths and weaknesses as a writer and human being, and is willing to go to the mat for you. Also, A uthors Guild member Barbara DeMarco- he or she returns your phone calls within a reasonable Barrett, a California-based writer, writing length of time. Basically, the rules of any functional re- teacher and host of a weekly radio program, lationship apply. Writers on Writing, rounded up three successful au- thors and two literary agents to Aline Ohanesian: Im a debut nov- trade advice on one of the biggest elist whos still in the honeymoon challenges in an author s career: phase with my agent. As in any nding the right agent. relationship, there needs to be a lot Literary agent Betsy Amster, of trust. What I want in an agent is a former editor at Pantheon and someone who believes in my writ- Vintage, is based in Portland, ing. I put everything I had into my Oregon. Jane Dystel is president first novel. It took me six years to of Dystel & Goderich Literary write it, and after a year of research- Management in New York City. ing and querying agents, I had a Novelist Bret Anthony Johnston is few offers of representation. I knew the author of Remember Me Like This, right away that Eleanor [Jackson] and is director of creative writing at was the most enthusiastic about Harvard University. Karen Karbo, my work. She understood right based in Portland, Oregon, is the away why I had written Orhans author of fourteen award-winning Inheritance, and I believe that was novels, memoirs and works of non- what helped her sell it at auction. It ction. Southern California author also helps to have someone who is Aline Ohanesians debut novel, professional, responsive and will- Orhans Inheritance, was a Barnes & ing to go to bat for you when the A good agent is bonkers about Noble Discover Great New Writers time comes. Also, she would never Selection for Summer 2015. your work [and] helps you give me advice about what to write next, and for that Im very grateful. Barbara DeMarco-Barrett: What shape it by holding you to your DeMarco-Barrett: Whats the best makes a good agent? own highest standards. way for a first-timer to get an Betsy Amster: A good agent is bon- agent? kers about your work, helps you Agent Betsy Amster Amster: I recommend that writ- shape it by holding you to your ers research agents on publishers own highest standards, knows marketplace.com, my favorite web- which editors are likeliest to love it, site. The most common mistake I too, and keeps you posted on the responses she gets. see aspiring writers make is approaching agents in cat- Ideally, youll feel he or she is your co-conspirator. The egories they dont represent. Thats true for probably whole process needs to be transparent. If youre lucky, half the queries I get. In fact, I sometimes get the dis- it might even be fun. tinct sense that the only reason Im being approached Jane Dystel: A good agent is honest, hardworking, to- is that my last name begins with A. Publishers tally accessible to you, well thought of by editors and Marketplace allows you to sort agents by the catego- publishers and exible. Above all else, he or she cares ries they represent, which makes it possible for you to deeply about his or her clients and their work. target your efforts. Authors Guild Bulletin 23 Fall 2015

24 Dystel: Go online, of course. There have a few credits from literary jour- is a wealth of resources on the nals. I was a finalist for the PEN/ Internet about agents and their Bellwether Prize as well as a nal- lists. Look at books like yours in the ist for the Glimmer Train Best New bookstore and note who the agent Writers Award, and I made sure to is. Speak to your writer friends. put that in my nal paragraph. Check out the AAR [Association of Authors Representatives] for DeMarco-Barrett: Ive noticed a agents names. new category in agent listings: book club fiction. I imagine it Johnston: There are plenty of ways, came about because of the influx but the one that has always made of book groups, but how is book the most sense to me is to read club fiction defined and how do the acknowledgments pages in you feel about it? the books of writers you love. The writer should always thank the Amster: Book club fiction is fic- agent, and if youve identied with tion that exerts a strong pull on the the book, then theres a reason for emotionsthe kind of book you it. Maybe the reason is the same as might be tempted to start reading why the agent identied with it. all over again when youre done. (I What makes all the difference felt that way about Emily St. John Karbo: Scour the acknowledgments Mandels Station Eleven.) Its the in works of contemporary fiction in the world is how deeply the kind of book you want to press or nonction that speak to you for not only on your friends, but on the name of the agent. If the book is agent identifies with the writer random strangers. Remember that similar to yours, even better. Write and the work. . . . I would word of mouth is a powerful driver him/her a succinct e-mail in which of sales. you mention your great affection take passion over a fancy for the book and allow as how per- Dystel: I would imagine this refers haps your book is in the same vein. letterhead or a rock star to buzz books and commercial This accomplishes several things. client list every time. womens fiction, which is a cate- First, the agent gets the sense youre gory I love. I think of titles like Gone not spamming eight hundred agen- Bret Anthony Johnston, author Girl and Still Alice as examples. But cies. Second, it shows that youre you also have to include bestsellers savvy enough to understand that like Fifty Shades of Grey, which hit a publishing is often a matter of taste, major nerve for female readers. and also you understand that shar- Johnston: I have no idea. I do love book clubs, though, ing similar tastes is important. Third, it sets you apart so I hope I write book club ction. from the other nine hundred writers whove zipped off an e-mail that hour. Karbo: Its the distressed denim of the book world. The genesis of book clubs wasand still should bea Ohanesian: This question is so important. My rst bit group of readers making a discovery. Thats whats of advice is: take your time. The query is your very exciting about being in a book group. We should be first impression. Standard or stock letters that you reading the lesser novels of Graham Greene and the send to a gaggle of agents are never a good idea. Look latest genre mash-up by someone strange and difcult, at and read books that are similar to yours, and nd not some articially constructed narrative with built- out whos representing them. I wrote ten query let- in Moments and Lessons that can be easily processed ters when I started looking for an agent. Each one was after three glasses of chardonnay. crafted specifically for the agent being queried. My rst sentence would allude to other books that agent Ohanesian: From what I understand, book club fic- had represented. It told them that I was familiar with tion is a book that is literary but still accessible, some- their work and that Id done my homework. I was que- thing that can be read in under a month and still lend rying them specically, not just any old agent. And it itself to a lively discussion. I think of books like The worked. I got three solid offers from those ten queries. Kite Runner or The Lovely Bones as book club books. Its also important to state the genre and word count They often have supplementary material in the back of and to keep the query under a page long. It helps to the book. My editor and I had a lot of fun coming up Authors Guild Bulletin 24 Fall 2015

25 with discussion questions for Orhans Inheritance. I was agent is approaching. I wouldnt take no for an answer a member of a book club for a little while, and those here. Ive been a West Coast agent as long as Ive been were some of the most sophisticated readers Ive had an agent, and Ive never found it to be a disadvantage the pleasure to interact with. for me or my clients. DeMarco-Barrett: What are the wrong things writers Dystel: You should, of course, be aware of the agents look for in an agent? personality, and you must feel comfortable commu- nicating with your agent on everything having to do Amster: I nd that aspiring writers dont always do with your career. Communication is key in all aspects enough research into the agents taste and track record of our business, in fact. You should be able to ask and instead jump at the rst agent who wants to rep- any questions you have, even if they seem ignorant resent them. or dumb. Our job is to educate our clients in order to Dystel: Sometimes writers want agents who are with empower them to make good decisions. Proximity to big-name agencies, where the agent is way too busy New York is not important given the current technol- to really pay attention to someone new. This is usu- ogy. If possible, you should make sure that the agent ally a big mistake. Sometimes writers want a new best deals with as many publishing houses as possible and friend. Though the agent-author relationship is long- is well respected throughout the industry. term and should be a solid one, being best friends isnt Johnston: You want an agent who feels like a fel- necessarily a good thing. It should be a caring but pro- low traveler on your chosen path. You dont want an fessional relationship. agent who leads the way, and you dont want one who Johnston: Fame. blindly follows. You want an agent who listens to your ideas, who chal- Karbo: Where is my Lena lenges and respects you, who val- Dunhamsized advance, please? ues the kind of writing you want DeMarco-Barrett: These days to do regardless of its commercial there is so much information to be appeal. You want to feel comfort- found on the Internet regarding able disagreeing with the agent, agents. What are important ques- and you want to respect her intelli- tions to ask an agent, and what gence and reading experience to the should you especially be cogni- degree that she can criticize your zant ofpersonality, chemistry, manuscript. proximity to New York, houses the Karbo: I have several lovely friends agent has sold to? who are excellent agents and who Amster: Its important to get a dont live in New York. I would sense of the agents strategy for send students and friends to them your book. You might ask, How in a heartbeat. That said, my own do you tend to work? Do you like agents have made deals on my be- to submit material to every edi- half because they ran into an editor tor you think is right for a project at the Bryant Park Grill on a snowy at once, or do you submit it to an Tuesday. My way of saying, Im A-list, a B-list, a C-list, and so on? old-school. Agenting is still, for I prefer the latter approach because Take your time. The query is the most part, in New York, and it it allows authors to take editorial your very first impression. . . . helps if your agent is there. feedback into account if the book DeMarco-Barrett: Youve all been doesnt sell in the rst round. I wrote ten query letters when involved in the publishing indus- Proceeding in rounds, usually try long enough to see and expe- from large houses to smaller ones, I started looking . . . Each one rience changes. What is the one also requires a certain amount of was crafted specifically for main change youve seen thats for persistence, which is a useful qual- the better? For the worse? ity in an agent. You should also ask the agent being queried. if the agent will show you rejection Amster: For the better: Its actu- letters. Its interesting to see how Aline Ohanesian, author ally easier these days to develop a editors respond to your work. And platform if you put your mind to it pays to know which editors an it. Social media is very democratic. Authors Guild Bulletin 25 Fall 2015

26 For the worst: I dont tend to dwell on whats gotten Amster: We have to coach our clients more and more worse. I remember an article by Thomas Whiteside on the importance of self-promotion and the uses of in The New Yorker from 1980 called The Blockbuster social media. Complex that bemoaned the huge emphasis on the Dystel: We are advising in areas we didnt previously. blockbuster bestseller now that most publishers Many of us advise on digital publishing; we advise on are owned by conglomerates (Im quoting from the marketing and publicity as publishers have continued abstract I found online). What a modern complaint! to cut back in those areas. Many of us take on editorial Yet the article was written thirty-ve years ago. What I roles that in the past were handled by publishers. focus on is the fact that its still possible to launch new writers, and its still possible for me to ply my trade as Johnston: Agents are doing far more editing than a so-called boutique agent. they ever have. So often the agent is working with the writer the way editors did previously. Dystel: The changes for the better are that publish- ers are more exible in how they publishthey have Karbo: Once upon a time the editor was the chief adapted to digital publishing well champion and nurturer of writers (think Maxwell and continue to publish in print Perkins and Hemingway). Now the effectively, too. The worst thing is agent has assumed that role. This that the industry continues to con- evolution has been in the works tract, with fewer companies, fewer for some time. Maintaining a long- editors, fewer places for agents and term relationship with an editor is authors to go. a luxury afforded mega bestselling authors, since the sales department Johnston: One of the best things is has had its boot on the neck of edi- that it really no longer matters that torial for some time. Agents, on the the agent works in NYC. With the other hand, are generally in it for Internet, there are great agents all the long haul. Or at least mine is. over the place. One of the worst things is how so many imprints have folded or been consumed by Questions for the Agents larger houses. Karbo: Better: rise of the small DeMarco-Barrett: If you reject the press. I live in Portland, where we rst fty pages or the entire manu- have a number of excellent small script, are you interested in seeing presses: Tin House, Hawthorne the work again, if the author has Books, Future Tense Books, Forest performed a major revision, or are Ave nue Press. I know Im forget- you only interested if youve wel- Communication is key in all comed the author to resubmit? ting some. And lo, in these modern times the Big Five trade publishers aspects of our business, in fact. Amster: Im only interested if Ive would just as soon publish parent- invited the author to resubmit. It ing advice from Real Housewives You should be able to ask tends to be difcult to revisit mate- than an inventive, literary novel rial. any questions you have, even if from an unknown writer. The re- sult: small press editors are in a they seem ignorant or dumb. Dystel: I am surely not interested position to acquire often great and in seeing the material again if the inventive work that in another time Our job is to educate our reason I rejected it is that the ma- might have been snapped up by a terial just doesnt work. But if its clients in order to empower something that just missed the larger house. Worse: Evolution of authors them to make good decisions. mark and could be improved with from introverts willing to do some editing, then of course, Id take a self-promotion to shameless huck- Jane Dystel, president look again once it has been revised. sters. of Dystel & Goderich DeMarco-Barrett: When youre DeMarco-Barrett: These days, with Literary Management queried or receive the first fifty so many changes in publishing, pages and its not right for you, how are agents roles changing? will you pass it on to another Authors Guild Bulletin 26 Fall 2015

27 agent in your agency or is the au- words. Nor do they necessarily care thor free to query that agent? if you can live off your advance for the time its going to take you to Dystel: The author should only write your book. They make their query one agent in our agency, and own calculations about how much if that agent feels it isnt right for your book is worth. The more au- them but is for someone else, they thors understand that publishing is will always pass it on. If an author a business, albeit a very quirky one, submits to more than one agent the better off theyre going to be. here and we find out about it, we automatically pass. Dystel: A good client is respectful, totally honest and, of course, good DeMarco-Barrett: Are there par- at his/her craft. Very rarely these ticular fiction genres that are es- days do I put up with poor behav- pecially of interest right now? ior or disloyalty, and I never put up Nonfiction genres? What about with dishonesty. memoir? DeMarco-Barrett: What about au- Dystel: Currently, I am looking at thors who come to you who are and interested in thrillers and com- switching agents? mercial womens fiction, but any well-written, well-plotted fiction Once upon a time the editor Dystel: Switching agents is a seri- works for me. I am also always in- was the chief champion ous matter, and I always try to nd terested in narrative nonction on out why an author has done this. I science, military, business, politics, and nurturer of writers want to be as sure as I can that I can history, current events, etc. satisfy whatever needs their previ- (think Maxwell Perkins and ous agent didnt. That said, Im al- DeMarco-Barrett: Why does some- Hemingway). Now the agent ways willing to consider someone one become an agent? Love of lit- whos left his or her agent, as long erature? Money? has assumed that role. as its a clean break. If you mean Amster: Its a great privilege to how do I feel if an author leaves work with writers and to help them Karen Karbo, author an agent, it should always be done shape their material and get it into with respect (most of the time the readers hands. Im often asked if agent has worked very hard for the Im a writer myself, and my answer author). Sometimes the agent will is no, Im a readera very, very attentive reader who be hurt or angry, but as long as the author leaves in a loves to share her enthusiasm for good books. businesslike manner, the burned bridge can be re- built at a future time. Dystel: One certainly doesnt become an agent to get rich. At least I didnt. It is a love of new ideas and books, and it is the serendipity of the agenting experi- Questions for the authors ence. DeMarco-Barrett: When is it time for a change, and DeMarco-Barrett: What makes a good client? Is it how do you go about it? Have you switched agents? mainly the work? And if the work is good enough, what will you put up with? Have you ever red a cli- Johnston: Ive had three agents. I fired one, one de- ent? cided to leave the industry and Im now with my third. I think you handle the change with respect and profes- Amster: The quality of the work is the prime attrac- sionalism. It can feel very personal, and in many ways tion. Demonstrating a willingness to revise the work it is, but ultimately this is a professional relationship, is also important, since the bar is very high. I particu- so you do everything you can to check your emotions larly like clients who are curious about how publishers and ego at the door. think. With some few exceptions, publishers are not go- Karbo: I started answering this question in a way that ing to be terribly sympathetic to the idea of publishing didnt make me sound like a complete idiot, but have your 200,000-word novel in two volumes just because abandoned that in favor of the plain truth. Ive been you cant figure out how to get it down to 100,000 represented by InkWell Management for twenty-plus Authors Guild Bulletin 27 Fall 2015

28 years. My relationship with Kim Witherspoon and So I left InkWell, without voicing my concerns, or David Forrer has lasted longer than my marriage. We even letting them know I was unhappy. I ran off in were children together, and now we are middle-aged. the night, leaving a Post-It on the fridge (i.e., FedExed Then, like any twenty-plus-year marriage, I started them a letter) and found a new agent at an equally rep- feeling restless. I started worrying that maybe they utable agency. She was a nice woman who didnt seem were looking at me and my work like a housewife to get me at all, didnt have much of a sense of humor in stained yoga pants and greasy hair, that I would (a must) and, weirdly, said Yes! Absolutely! to ques- send in a manuscript and they would roll their eyes tions in which I was soliciting her opinions. Also, kiss and think, not yet another, weird, impossible-to-sell of death, when I was on the phone with her, I could Karbo thing. hear the mad clicking of her keyboard keys. When I published my rst novel (to some acclaim, I Like the sad boozy adulterer who goes crawling should note) twenty-ve years ago, I naively imagined back, I called InkWell and asked if I could come back, that every book would garner a higher advance and and with great generosity and class, they said, abso- even more acclaim. I didnt grasp that a career in the lutely, they would love to have me. And now we are arts was different than, say, work- back together as if nothing had hap- ing for a bank, where you keep pened. scoring promotions and raises until The point to this rather long your gold watch retirement. anecdote is that there are so many I also thought that once I was variables to any writing career. Not published I could pretty much enough credit is given to the mam- write whatever interested me, both moth role of luck, timing and the novels and nonfiction, imagining zeitgeist. Failing to have the career that my readers would just follow of J. K. Rowling is not necessarily a along with whatever harebrained reason to nd a new agent. thing I cooked up. DeMarco-Barrett: Any more advice The idea of a platform was for writers looking for an agent? complete anathema to me. By the time I felt my dissatisfaction with Dystel: Take your time, be thor- InkWell, Id published more novels ough in your search (and research), and several different types of non- be tenacious and know that if you ction and frankly, it was amazing make the wrong decision, you can they were able to place this stuff always change. with good publishers and editors Johnston: Focus on your writing at all. But they did. They had my What makes a good client? first, last, always. Dont be impa- back. They liked my work, handled tient with the process of writing all my deals with complete profes- Have you ever fired a client? or the process of nding an agent. sionalism, and we liked each other. Both take time, discipline and faith, Still, I did not have the career of Barbara DeMarco-Barrett and much of it is out of your con- my dreams. I worked hard, wrote trol. What you can control is the well, worked harder, wrote better, quality of the work. Plenty of writ- worked even harder, wrote even ers submit work that isnt ready for better, made my deadlines, coop- submission, just because they get impatient. Submit erated with my publicists, learned how to give good only your best and most polished work, and trust that speeches, went on book tours arranged sometimes by the right agent will eventually and inevitably nd her the publishing house and sometimes by the very good way to you. outside publicist I hired. I built a good website, lost years of my life on social media, bleached my teeth. Karbo: Develop the patience of Job. I did everything I thought I was supposed to do, and still there were no insane bidding wars for my books Barbara DeMarco-Barrett is a fiction writer, the au- or front-page reviews in The New York Times Book thor of Pen on Fire: The Busy Womans Guide to Igniting Review (I did get a full-page review on page 10, once) the Writer Within, and the host of Writers on Writing and cozy chats with Terry Gross. on KUCI-FM. She lives in Corona del Mar, CA, and I thought, it must be my agent. teaches writing at Gotham Writers Workshop. Authors Guild Bulletin 28 Fall 2015

29 have to say, one volume of book- a child took a book from a shelf and Along Publishers Row ness. Moreover shu, but not book, started to read. Continued from page 2 can mean writing, letter, or cal- Meghan Cox Gurdon, who ligraphy. On the other hand you writes about childrens books for can book a room in English; you The Wall Street Journal, said: Like MUSICAL NOTE: Greg Iles is the cant shu one in Chinese. dinosaurs and volcanoes, great blue author of 14 novels. The latest is The whales tend to occupy an outsize Bone Tree. Iles, 53, lives in Missis- UNIVERSAL: Nigerian writer place in the imaginations of young sippi, the setting for many of his Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie is childrenappropriately enough, novels. He plays guitar in a tour- the author of Purple, Half of a Yellow given their vastness. These mag- ing musical group of literary greats Sun and Americanah. She won a nicent aquatic creatures can be the called The Rock Bottom Remainders MacArthur grant in 2008. same length as a truck, a digger, a (Over 350M books sold. Forty New In an interview in The Wall Street boat, a car, a bicycle, a motorcycle, York Times #1 Bestsellers. One lousy Journal, she said that Americans a van and a tractorall lined up, as band.) should know that African writers Jenni Desmond explains. An illus- In an interview with Jay Mac- dont just write about Africas prob- tration shows them all. Donald for BookPage, Iles said the lems. When I was seven years old, a gi- band was a big plus in his life. You As a writer, she said, she suffers gantic whale on a trailer was hauled cant help but absorb from the peo- from bouts of depression, the crazy to west Texas. It cost a nickel to walk ple you are around. To have Scott writer illness that she thinks is around a platform that ran around Turow and Steve [King] in the common in her eld. I wish I could the stuffed creature. The terrible band, guys who I had read along write every day, she said. When it odor has been the stuff of dreams the way before I started writing and goes well, I ignore things like family ever since. was so profoundly inuenced by, to and hygiene, but other days, when be able to sit on the bus or in the ho- its not going well, I read the books I WHAT COUNTS: The late novelist tel and just talk to those guys is just love to remind myself of how beau- Norman Mailer said: In writing, as unbelievable. tiful and essential and nurturing in so many pursuits, its not the most words can be, and I hope that do- gifted but the most determined who TRANSLATING: Perry Link is a ing that will bring my own words succeed. John Berryman thought translator of Chinese who holds a back. talent was no more than twenty chair in comparative literature and percent of a poets makeup. This is foreign languages at the University ON THE OTHER HAND: William probably true for any type of writer. of California at Riverside and teaches Faulkner said, A writer is congeni- Those we hear about are more Chinese. In an essay in The New York tally unable to tell the truth and that blessed with luck and persistence Review of Books, he wrote about is why we call what he writes fic- than ability and skill. teaching Chinese-language courses tion. to American students which I have WHITEWASH: Tanya Landman is O N I L L U S T R AT I N G : T h e l a t e done about thirty times. the author of Buffalo Soldier, a YA Maurice Sendak said: To be an Perhaps the most anguish- novel that won the Carnegie Medal. illustrator is to be a participant. ing question I get is Professor She wrote in The Guardian: As a Someone who has something Link, what is the Chinese word for child I watched a lot of westerns . . . equally important to offer as the _______? I am always tempted to The Virginian, The High Chaparral, writer of the bookoccasionally say the question makes no sense. Alias Smith and Jones. Any time we something more importantbut it Anyone who knows two languages went to the cinema, the B-movie al- is certainly never the writers echo. moderately well knows that it is rare ways seemed to be a western. . . . for words to match up perfectly, and NO CASH: Theres no money The more research I did, the for languages as far apart as Chinese in poetry, poet-novelist Robert more I found out that history had and English, in which even gram- Graves said, but there is no poetry been whitewashed by Hollywood. matical categories are conceived in money either. Landman offers tips on her web- differently, strict equivalence is not site: Like any story, you take a possible. Book is not shu, because BIG THINGS: Jenni Desmond is character, you give them a problem shu, like all Chinese nouns is con- author and illustrator of a childrens and either they overcome it (happy ceived as an abstraction, more like picture book, The Blue Whale. The ending) or it overcomes them (a bookness, and to say a book you rst sentence is: Once upon a time, tragic one). Authors Guild Bulletin 29 Fall 2015

30 SMALL TALK: Leslie Jamison is Ghosh, who lives in Brooklyn, the author of The Empathy Exams. In Authors Guild Members did research in Singapore, Hong an essay about genre labels in The Kong and Guangzhou. He said, New York Times Book Review, she con- IN MEMORIAM The strange thing about China is cluded, It seems to me that genre that its very easy to get around but Laurie Schneider Adams labels are just a way of making small nobody tells you that. Few people talk at the picnic, which only mat- Karl Alexander spoke English, but they were willing teredin the endas prelude to the Paul F. Boller, Jr. to help him nd his way. We get so more complicated years of conver- Virginia Bortin used to thinking of New York as this sation that followed. Fergus Reid Buckley enormous built environment, but Arnaud de Borchgrave when you arrive in Guangzhou, its MEMOIRS: Noelle Howey is the Carl Djerassi about twenty New Yorks. author of Dress Codes: Of Three E. L. Doctorow GirlhoodsMy Mothers, My Fathers, GIVE HER AN OPERA: Ursula K. Ruth Duskin Feldman Le Guin is the author of an updated and Mine (2002). Her father liked to Susan Hauser Steering the Craft: A 21st-Century wear womens clothes. She wrote an essay, Theyve John Hoerr Guide to Sailing the Sea of Story. Said Too Much, for The New York Thomas Parke Hughes She was asked by The New York Times Book Review about memoirs Warren Jamison Times Book Review which sorts of written by the young. Hers was Eugene Kennedy books she avoided reading. She said, written when she was 29. She said, John Leggett At the moment, I tend to avoid I am still stubbornly proud of Ib J. Melchior fiction about dysfunctional urban my memoir. Im still glad I wrote Barbara Park middle-class people written in the it when I didand my fellow Lila Perl present tense. This makes it hard to younger memoirists concur. Heres nd a new novel, sometimes. Joseph E. Persico why: Whatever early memoirs lack Asked which of her novels she Louise A. Poresky in perspective, they make up in ur- would like to see adapted for TV or Norman David Rosenberg film, she said, May I have an op- gency, the sense that here is a story Oliver Sacks era by Philip Glass instead, please? that must be told. Jack J. Scaparro Whichever book he likes. EXPOS: Eric Schlosser is the au- thor of Fast Food Nation: The Dark CURIE ABANDONED: Paula Side of the All-American Meal, an ex- McLain is the author of Circling the pos of the fast-food industry. More and rescued by New York Review Sun, a new and bestselling novel. than 2 million copies have been sold. Books. Chekhov was just 22 years Its about Beryl Markham, who ew It was adapted into a YA book, Chew old when the stories were submit- across the Atlantic in 1936. McLain on This, and made into a movie. ted to the censors, who discerned a was quoted in The Cleveland Plain Now he is working on a book subversive intent and promptly for- Dealer as saying that she had aban- that investigates Americas prison bade publication. doned a novel about Marie Curie. system. The title will be The Great The New York Times said Review I admired her so much, but noth- Imprisonment. Its scheduled for Books has made a specialty of rescu- ing ever came alive. Apparently, publication in 2018. ing and reviving all kinds of ignored McLains editor felt the same way. The New York Times said, Mr. or forgotten works in English or in She kept saying, Oh, my God, the Schlosser aims to land a . . . blow translation, fiction and nonfiction, science is so boring, McLain said. against Americans prison system, by writers renowned and obscure. which he argues has expanded and NEW CONTENT: In an article about PLENTY OF HELP: Amitav Ghosh, the increasingly complex subject mat- become more prot-driven since the 59, has just published Flood of Fire, ter appearing in young adult books, introduction of mandatory mini- the third and last volume in a series. PW quoted Sarah Davies, founder mum sentencing. Ten years in the making, The Wall of the Greenhouse Literary Agency: LATE ARRIVAL: Anton Chekhov Street Journal said, the trilogy de- What we want in a book is to expe- was the author of an unpublished scribes the clash of cultures that oc- rience something strong, something until nowcollection of short curred . . . when China tried to stop weve not experienced beforeto be stories entitled The Prank. It was the British from bringing in opium gripped and compelled to turn those written more than 130 years ago from India. pages under covers. Authors Guild Bulletin 30 Fall 2015

31 NICE WORK: Jonathan Galassi is JUST REMEMBER: Maile Meloy, regular critic these days, addressed the publisher of Farrar, Straus and 43, is the author of the middle-grade the question Is Everyone Qualied Giroux and the author of a novel, novel The After-Room. Meloy took to be a Critic? in the paper s Muse, about the book business. up the question: Is it necessary to Bookends column. In deciding He told PW, I love what I do. At have children to write for children? which critics are worth attending the heart of publishing are still the Theodor GeiselDr. Seuss to, literary critics especially, we can editor and the author, the editor fall- didnt even like kids. You have at least insist on readabilityon ing in love with the authors work, em, Ill amuse em, hes supposed clearness of expression, some styl- and doing the best he or she can to to have said. Maurice Sendak had ishness, and even a sense of humor. dress it up as beautifully as possible none. Neither did Tove Jansson, Criticism may be a minor art, but and get it to its readers. Thats still Tomie dePaola, Ezra Jack Keats or its an art all the same, and critical what publishing is, and I have no in- Margaret Wise Brown. The great writing ought to be pleasing in itself tention of stopping. childrens books editor Ursula and not just piggyback on whatever Nordstrom said, I am a former work its discussing. LETTERS: Suzanne Marrs and child, and I havent forgotten a Tom Nolan have edited Meanwhile THE EAR: Joan Acocella is the thing. Its not a requirement to have There Are Lettersthose exchanged author of Twenty-Eight Artists and children in order to write for them. by the authors, Eudora Welty and Two Saints. In a piece about Elmore You just need to have been one, and Kenneth Millar. Welty lived in Leonard in The New York Review of remember what its like. Mississippi and Millar, a Canadian Books, she wrote that Leonard had master of the detective novel who SECRETS AND STRANGERS: a taste for the grotesque, for an al- wrote as Ross Macdonald, lived Margo Jefferson is a former critic most magical ugliness. She also on the West Coast. For many years at large for The New York Times, win- stated: Many people would say they conducted a slow-fire, long- ner of the Pulitzer Prize for criticism that Leonards greatest gift was his distance tte--tte. in 1995 and a professor of writing ear, meaning, broadly, the ability to The collection ends with a quote at Columbia University. Her lat- write English that, while it sounds from a letter Millar wrote to Welty est book is Negroland, a memoir of extremely natural, is also beautiful in 1970: Love and friendship are growing up in a family of color and and musical. When critics speak of surely the best things in life and privilege in Chicago, where her fa- a writers ear, this often carries a po- may, it seems to me now, exist be- ther was the head of pediatrics at the litical implication, of the democratic yond life, as we want them to, like countrys oldest black hospital, chil- sort. They are talking about writers light from a star so immeasurably dren were warned not to tell your (Mark Twain, Willa Cather) whose distant that it cant be dated and secrets to strangers, and the motto world, by virtue of being humble, questions of past and future are ir- was Achievement. Invulnerability. would seem to exclude beauty and relevant. Comportment. music, so that when the writer man- Jefferson has not entirely for- ages to find in it those riches, the LIFE IN LETTERS: Lucia Berlin was saken reticence. I think its too easy world in questionand, by exten- 68 when she died in 2004. A collec- to recount your unhappy memories sion, the whole worldcomes to tion of her short stories, A Manual when you write about yourself, she seem blessed. for Cleaning Women, was published wrote. You bask in your own inno- The Library of Congress has in August. John Williams of The cence. You revere your grief. just released two collections of New York Times said that, by her And yet, Times reviewer Dwight Leonards work, Four Novels of the early 30s, she had been divorced Garner noted, she gets a lot said 1970s and Four Novels of the 1980s. three times and had four sons. She about her life, the insults she has worked as a house cleaner, a substi- weathered, her insecurities, even tute teacher and a hospital clerk. She her suicidal impulses. Theres sinew Theres More got much of her roving, rowdy life and grace in the way she plays with onto the page in vivid stories that memory, dodging here and burning For a weekly dose of publish- garnered the respect of a modest there, like a photographer in a dark- ing industry news, gossip and audience and now could be on the room. sound bites, check out the verge of making her posthumously Along Publishers Row blog famous. ABOUT CRITICS: Charles on the Authors Guild site every The stories are described as McGrath, a former editor of The Tuesday. transparently autobiographical. New York Times Book Review and a Authors Guild Bulletin 31 Fall 2015

32 illustrator of childrens books, she The Authors Legacy Society also translated and illustrated folk and fairy tales. Her works include The Authors Legacy Society was created to allow the Authors Guilds Cinderella, or the Little Glass Slipper most loyal supporters to make a commitment to the Guild or its (1955), Once a Mouse (1961) and Foundation that lasts beyond their lifetimes. By including the Guild or Shadow (1983), each of which earned its Foundation in your estate plans, you can help ensure that its essen- her a Caldecott Medal. Stone Soup tial work will continue in the years to come. Members of the Society (1947) and five other books were will receive a memento of appreciation and will be listed annually in Caldecott Honor winners. the Authors Guild Bulletin, unless they choose to remain anonymous. For further details, including the tax benets of making a donation, Vincent T. Bugliosi, 80, died June 6 visit authorsguildfoundation.org or call 212 594 7931. in Los Angeles. He was the author, with Curt Gentry, of Helter Skelter: The True Story of the Manson Murders JUST A WRITER: Ron Rash is the was written in Latin before being (1974). The book sold more than author of a new book, Above the translated into the tongue of his seven million copies, making it the Waterfall, published in September. canine-mad compatriots. top-selling true-crime book of all He has written six novels, six short time. He also wrote Till Death Us story collections and four poetry Do Part with Ken Hurwitz (1978), compilations. Born in Chester, SC, DEATHS Outrage: The Five Reasons Why O. J. he has lived in a succession of small Laurie Schneider Adams, 73, died Simpson Got Away with Murder (1996) Carolina towns, North or South, June 19 in Manhattan. An art histo- and Reclaiming History: The Assassi- ever since. rian and teacher, she was the author nation of President John F. Kennedy Ive had some people who of more than 24 books, including (2007). pretty much have implied that I The Methodologies of Art (1996) and Gabrielle Burton, 76, died Septem- must be some hillbilly who got hit A History of Western Art (2000). She ber 3 in Venice, CA. She was the by lightning and somehow learned was also editor-in-chief of the jour- author of Heartbreak Hotel (1986), to tell these stories, he told The Wall nal Source: Notes in the History of Art. Searching for Tamsen Donner (2009) Street Journal, referring to stereo- Hugh Ambrose, 48, died May 23 in and Impatient with Desire (2010). She types of Southern writers as savants Helena, MT. He was the researcher completed a book, Dont Sit Down who come up with books simply by for historian Stephen E. Ambrose, Yet, about aging shortly before she sitting on their front porches and his father, and author of The Pacic, died. spinning. which he completed after his fa- His subject is Appalachia. Owen Chadwick, 99, died July thers death. Mountain people around the world 17 in Cambridge, England. An have told me thisyou feel two Julian Bond, 75, died August 15 in Anglican clergyman, he was the things. One, a sense of being pro- Fort Walton Beach, FL. A founding author of a series of histories that tected. Youre also being reminded member of the Student Nonviolent began with John Cassian: A Study in of how small and insignicant you Coordinating Committee, cofounder Primitive Monasticism (1950). Other are. with Morris Dees of the Southern books include the two-volume The Poverty Law Center and later chair- Reformation (1964), The Christian AUCTION: A 1,500-volume collec- man of the NAACP, he was the au- Church in the Cold War (1993) and tion of books put together by Robert thor of a collection of essays, A Time three volumes in the 16-volume S. Pirie, a lawyer and investment to Speak, A Time to Act (1972). series The Oxford History of the banker who died in January, is ex- Christian Church. Svetlana Boym, 49, died August 5 in pected to bring more than $15 million Boston. She was the author of Death at auction. It includes early editions Alan Cheuse, 75, died July 31 in in Quotation Marks: Cultural Myths of Shakespeare and Christopher San Jose, CA. The noted criticwho of the Modern Poet (1991), Common Marlowe, the first English book wrote two-minute book reviews Places: Mythologies of Everyday Life in about dogs and Charles Is personal for NPRs All Things Considered for Russia (1994), The Future of Nostalgia King James Bible. more than 30 years, as well as hun- (2001) and Another Freedom: The Reporter Jennifer Schuessler dreds of reviews at longer length Alternative History of an Idea (2010). wrote in The New York Times: And for printwas the author of dozens the dog book? Of Englishe Dogges Marcia Brown, 96, died April 28 in of books, including The Bohemians (1576), by the physician John Caius, Laguna Hills, CA. A prize-winning (1982), The Grandmothers Club (1986) Authors Guild Bulletin 32 Fall 2015

33 Fall Out of Heaven (1987), and The and the Vietnam War. The fourth That He Married (1978) and Gods Ear Light Possessed (1990). volume, which Dr. Gibbons left as (1989). Robert Conquest, 98, died August 3 a 747-page typed manuscript, ends Paul Lioy, 68, died July 8 at Newark in Stanford, CA. He was the author at June 1971. The Senate committee Liberty International Airport. His of Power and Policy in the U.S.S.R. has not yet taken up the matter of home was in Cranford, NJ. An en- (1960), The Great Terror: Stalins Purge completing the work. vironmental scientist, he was the of the Thirties (1968), The Harvest of Helen Harrison, 68, died July 4 in author of Dust: The Inside Story of Its Sorrow: Soviet Collectivization and the Berkeley, CA. She was coauthor Role in the September 11th Aftermath Terror-Famine (1986) and The Dragons with Ann Kositsky of The Premature (2010). of Expectation: Reality and Delusion in Baby Book: A Parents Guide to Coping C y n t h i a M a c d o n a l d, 8 7 , d i e d the Course of History (2005). and Caring in the First Years (1983). It August 3 in Logan, UT. The poet Patricia Crone, 70, died July 11 in has gone through a dozen printings. was author of Amputations (1972), Princeton, NJ. The Princeton profes- John P. Hoerr, 84, died June 21 in (W)holes (1980), I Cant Remember sor was the coauthor, with Michael Middle boro, MA. A Guild mem- (1997) and many other collections of Cook, of Hagarism: The Making of ber, he was the author of And the poetry. the Islamic World (1977), and the Wolf Finally Came: The Decline of the Hilary Masters, 87, died June 14 author of Gods Rule: Government American Steel Industry (1988) and a in Pittsburgh. He was the author and Islam: Six Centuries of Medieval novel, Monongahela Dusk (2009). of Last Stands: Notes from Memory Islamic Political Thought (2004) and Chenjerai Hove, 59, died July 12 (1982). His novels began with The The Nativist Prophets of Early Islamic in Stavanger, Norway. The Zim- Common Pasture (1967) and include Iran (2012). babwean poet and novelist, who An American Marriage (1969). Jean Darling, 93, died September 5 wrote in both English and Shona, Ann McGovern, 85, died August 7 in Rdermark, Germany. The child was the author of Bones (1988), in Manhattan. She was the author movie star, who joined the Our Gang which has been translated into a of more than 50 titles that sold mil- comedy lms at the age of four, was dozen languages. His first book of lions of copies. She was a re-teller of the author of a novel, Marinda, and poetry was Up in Arms (1982). Stone Soup (1986) and the author of two autobiographies. Howard W. Jones Jr., 104, died July Zoo, Where Are You? (1964), Too Much John Derr, 97, died June 6 in Pine- 31 in Norfolk, VA. The physician Noise (1967) and Little Wolf (1969). hurst, NC. His books about golf in- was the author of War and Love: Don Oberdorfer, 84, died July 23 clude My Place at the Table: Stories of A Surgeons Memoir of Battlefield in Washington, DC. The Washington Golf and Life (2010). Medicine with Letters to and from Post journalist was the author of Home (2004), Personhood Revisited: Wayne W. Dyer, 75, died August 30 The Turn: From the Cold War to a New Reproductive Technology, Bioethics, in Maui, HI. He was the author of Era; The United States and the Soviet Religion and the Law (2013) and In more than two dozen self-help and Union, 19831990 (1991). Vitro Fertilization Comes to America: how-to-live books that sold millions Joshua Ozersky, 47, died May 4 in Memoir of a Medical Breakthrough of copies. His top-selling title was Chicago, where he was attending (2014). Your Erroneous Zones (1976). an awards event. His home was in Rosanne Klass, 86, died July 23 in Peter Gay, 91, died May 12 in Man- Portland, OR. His first food book Manhattan. She was the author of hattan. The historian was the author was Meat Me in Manhattan (2003). Land of the High Flags (1964), reissued of more than 25 books, including Vol- Other books include Archie Bunkers in 2007 with the subtitle: Afghanistan taires Politics (1959); the two-volume America (2003), The Hamburger: A When the Going Was Good. The Enlightenment: An Interpretation, History (2008) and Colonel Sanders the rst volume of whichThe Rise Tanith Lee, 67, died May 24 in East and the American Dream (2012). of Modern Paganism (1966)won the Sussex, England. She was the author Marguerite Patten, 99, died June National Book Award; The Bourgeois of Birthgrave (1975), which spawned 4 in Richmond, Surrey. The pro- Experience: Victoria to Freud (ve vol- a trilogy; a flood of fantasy and lific food writer was the author of umes, 19841988); and Freud: A Life horror books followed, including Recipes by Harrods (1947), Cookery for Our Time (1988). Deaths Master (1980). in Colour: A Picture Encyclopedia for William Conrad Gibbons, 88, died Rhoda Lerman, 79, died August 30 Every Occasion (1960), which sold 2 July 4 in Monroe, VA. He wrote four in Port Crane, NY. She was the au- million copies, and more than 170 volumes on the history of Congress thor of Call Me Ishtar (1973), The Girl additional works on food and cook- Authors Guild Bulletin 33 Fall 2015

34 ing. Her food books sold 17 million of The Hunters (1956), A Sport and a Theodore Weesner, 79, died June copies in all. Pastime (1967), Light Years (1975) and 25 in Portsmouth, NH. He was the Liz Perle, 59, died August 20 in San All That Is (2013). author of The Car Thief (1972), A Ger- man Affair (1977), The True Detective Francisco. The cofounder of the Carl Schorske, 100, died September (1987) and Novemberfest (1987). nonprofit Common Sense Media 13 in East Windsor, NJ. A cultural was the author of When Work Doesnt historian and professor emeritus John A. Williams, 89, died July 3 Work Anymore: Women, Work, and at Princeton, he was the author of in Paramus, NJ. He was the author Identity (1997) and an autobiogra- German Social Democracy, 19051917 of Night Song (1961), The Man Who phy, Money, a Memoir: Women, Emo- (1955), Fin-de-Sicle Vienna: Politics Cried I Am (1967) and The King God tions, and Cash (2006). and Culture (1979) and Thinking with Didnt Save: Reflections on the Life History: Explorations in the Passage to and Death of Martin Luther King, Jr. Frances Kroll Ring, 99, died June Modernism (1998). (1970). 18 in Los Angeles. The secretary to F. Scott Fitzgerald was the author of Charles Winick, 92, died July 4 in William Jay Smith, 97, died August Against the Current: As I Remember F. Manhattan. He was the author of 18 in Pittsfield, MA. He was a for- Scott Fitzgerald (1985). 20 books, including Dictionary of mer U.S. poet laureate and the au- Anthro pology (1956) and The New Amelia Boynton Robinson, 104, thor of The Tin Can, and Other Poems People: Desexualization in American died August 26 in Montgomery, AL. (1966), The World Below the Window: Life (1968), and he was coauthor The matriarch of the voting rights Poems, 19371997 (1998) and The of The Television Experience: What movement was the author of a Cherokee Lottery (2000). Children See (1979). memoir, Bridge Across Jordan (1991). James Tate, 71, died July 8 in Robert S. Wistrich, 70, died May 19 Ann Rule, 83, died July 26 in Springeld, MA. The prolic award- in Rome. He was the author of 29 Burien, WA. She was the author of winning poet was the author of books, including The Jews of Vienna The Stranger Beside Me (1980), a best- The Lost Pilot (1976) and The Ghost in the Age of Franz Joseph (1989) and selling book about serial killer Ted Soldiers (2008). Antisemitism: The Longest Hatred Bundy, which launched her career Ben Wattenberg, 81, died June 28 in (1992). as a prolific author of true-crime Washington, DC. He was coauthor Franz Wright, 62, died May 14 narratives. Her 40 or more titles in- with Richard M. Scammon of This in Waltham, MA. His Walking to clude The Want-Ad Killer (1983), And U.S.A. (1965) and the bestselling The Marthas Vineyard (2004) won the Never Let Her Go (2000) and Every Real Majority (1970). Wattenbergs Pulitzer for poetry. His other collec- Breath You Take (2001). other books include The Birth Dearth tions include Tapping the White Cane James Salter, 90, died June 19 in (1987) and The First Universal Nation of Solitude (1976), The Earth Without Sag Harbor, NY. He was the author (1991). You (1980) and The Beforelife (2001). A Fair Deal and play the game with a sense of humor, friendship Continued from page 18 and a deep-seated commitment to fairness? Jon Turk received his PhD in chemistry in 1971, wrote project will play out. Maybe the book isnt any good af- the first environmental science textbook in North ter all? Maybe the contract has a zillion holes in it that America and continued writing textbooks for 40 years. Randal and I have not imagined? Lawyer friends tell During those decades, he also engaged in extreme me not to trust friendships. Maybe Ive become a hope- outdoor expeditions. His most recent trade book, The less Pollyanna in my old age? Whatever happens, be- Ravens Gift (St. Martins Press), chronicles physical ing a midlist author is not a get-rich-quick scheme, and and spiritual passages in northeastern Siberia. His cur- never will be. But as long as we accept the fundamental rent project, Crocodiles and Ice: A Journey into Deep Wild, economics, am I being too romantic to suggest that we will be released by Oolichan Books in 2016. www.jon somehow nd a way to abandon the established order turk.net Authors Guild Bulletin 34 Fall 2015

35 BOOKS BY MEMBERS Clint Adams: Evangeline: The Seer of Wall St.; David A. Illus.): Hot Diggity Dogs; Laurie Jean Cannady: Crave: Adler (and Jeffrey Ebbeler, Illus.): Hanukkah Cookies with Sojourn of a Hungry Soul; Alyssa Satin Capucilli (and Sprinkles; Joseph Alexiou: Gowanus: Brooklyns Curious Lorna Hussey, Illus.): Not This Bear: A First Day of School Canal; Tom Alphin: The LEGO Architect; Lisa Alther (and Story; Alyssa Satin Capucilli (and Sarah Massini, Illus.): Franoise Gilot): About Women: Conversations Between Tulip and Rex Write a Story; Eric Carle: The Nonsense a Writer and a Painter; Mia Alvar: In the Country; Gigi Show; Talia Carner: Hotel Moscow; Betty Boyd Caroli: Amateau (and Abigail Marble, Illus.): Two for Joy; Stephen Lady Bird and Lyndon: The Hidden Story of a Marriage That Amidon: The Real Justine; Rudolfo Anaya: Poems from the Made a President; Dewey Cassell (and Aaron Sultan): The Rio Grande; Rudolfo Anaya (and Amy Cordova, Illus.): Incredible Herb Trimpe; Diane Chamberlain: Pretending The Farolitos of Christmas with Season of Renewal and A to Dance; Jerome Charyn: Bitter Bronx; Susan Cheever: Childs Christmas in New Mexico, 1944; George Ancona: Drinking in America: Our Secret History; Julie Chibbaro Can We Help?: Kids Volunteering to Help Their Communities; (and J. M. Superville Sovak, Illus.): Into the Dangerous Roger Angell: This Old Man; Emily McCully Arnold: Pete World; D. K. Christi: Ghost Orchid; Jan Cleere: Never Dont Makes a Mistake; Carol Ascher: A Call from Spooner Street; Pay Attention: The Life of Rodeo Photographer Louise L. Serpa; Linda Ashman (and Kim Smith, Illus.): Over the River and Tom Clynes: The Boy Who Played with Fusion: Extreme Through the Wood: A Holiday Adventure; Jeannine Atkins: Science, Extreme Parenting, and How to Make a Star; Thomas Little Woman in Blue: A Novel of May Alcott; Avi (and Brian Cobb: Darkness the Color of Snow; Mark Conte: The Easter Floca, Illus.): Old Wolf; Judy Ayyildiz: Intervals, Appalachia Lamb; Elisha Cooper: 8: An Animal Alphabet; Katie Coyle: to Istanbul; Vivian Apple Needs a Miracle; Susan Crandall: The Flying Circus; Doreen Cronin (and Renata Liwska, Illus.): Boom Barbara Baig: Spellbinding Sentences: A Writers Guide to Snot Twitty This Way That Way; Priscilla Cummings: Achieving Excellence and Captivating Readers; Molly Bang: Cheating for the Chicken Man; James Curtis: William When Sophies Feelings Are Really, Really Hurt; John Barth: Cameron Menzies: The Shape of Films to Come; Collected Stories; Ann Beattie: The State Were In: Maine Stories; Lisze Bechtold: Buster the Very Shy Dog Finds Edwidge Danticat: Untwined; Edwidge Danticat (and a Kitten; Elizabeth Benedict (Ed.): Me, My Hair, and I: Leslie Staub, Illus.): Mamas Nightingale: A Story of Twenty-seven Women Untangle an Obsession; Kathleen Immigration and Separation; James West Davidson: A Benson (and Benny Andrews, Illus.): Draw What You Little History of the United States; Nancy Raines Day (and See: The Life and Art of Benny Andrews; Marianne Berkes Kurt Cyrus, Illus.): What in the World?: Numbers in Nature; (and Cathy Morrison, Illus.): Tortoise and Hares Amazing Michael de Guzman: Cosmos DeSoto and the Search for Race; Michael Bess: Our Grandchildren Redesigned: Life in Gomez Moxley; Melissa de la Cruz: Triple Moon; Nelson the Bioengineered Society of the Near Future; Stewart Bird: DeMille: Radiant Angel; Anna Dewdney: Llama Llama Murder at the Yeshiva; Baron R. Birtcher: Hard Latitudes; Gram and Grandpa; Kris Dinnison: You and Me and Him; David Black: Fast Shufe; Andrew Blauner (Ed.): The Good Joe Domanick: Blue: The LAPD and the Battle to Redeem Book: Writers Reect on Favorite Bible Passages; Win Blevins American Policing; Sara Donati: The Gilded Hour; Patrick (and Meredith Blevins): The Darkness Rolling; Judy A. Durantou: Essais philosophiques; Kathy Duval (and Blume: In the Unlikely Event; Karen Blumenthal: Tommy: Gerry Turley, Illus.): A Bears Year; The Gun That Changed America; Louise Borden (and Genevieve Godbout, Illus.): Kindergarten Luck; Frankie Ray Edinger: Love and Ice: The Tragic Obsessions of Dr. Bow: The Musubi Murder; Eileen Brady: Unleashed; Kiely Elisha Kent Kane, Arctic Explorer; Dave Eggers (and Tucker Brendan (and Jason Reynolds): All American Boys; Larry Nichols, Illus.): The Bridge Will Not Be Gray; Ed Emberley, Dane Brimner: The Rain Wizard: The Amazing, Mysterious, Illus. (and Rebecca Emberley): Spare Parts; Jeremy Evans: True Life of Charles Mallory Hateld; John Brockman (Ed.): The Battle for Paradise Surng: Tuna, and One Towns Quest What to Think About Machines That Think: Todays Leading to Save a Wave; Thinkers on the Age of Machine Intelligence; Carl Brookins: Elizabeth Fackler-Sinkovitz: Grand River Highway: The Case of the Yellow Diamond; Terry Brooks: The Darkling One Womans Journey to Autonomy; Zoe Ferraris: Hunt Child; Joseph Bruchac (and Bill Farnsworth, Illus.): The for the Pyxis; Ruchama King Feuerman (Polona Kosec Hunters Promise; Nancy L. Bunge: The Midwestern Novel: and Marcela Calderon, Illus.): The Mountain Jews and the Literary Populism from Huckleberry Finn to the Present; Mirror; C. A. Fiore: Supplement to Shakespeare; Douglas Meg Cabot: Royal Wedding; Stephanie Calmenson (and Florian: Pig is Big on Books; Elizabeth Foxwell: In Their Abby Carter, Illus.): Ollies Class Trip: A Yes-and-No Book; Own Words: American Women in WWI; Betsy Franco Stephanie Calmenson, Joanna Cole (and Heather Ross, (and Michael Wertz, Illus.): A Spectacular Selection of Sea Authors Guild Bulletin 35 Fall 2015

36 Critters: Concrete Poems; Jonathan Franzen: Purity; Laura John Katzenbach: The Dead Student; Sarah L. Kaufman: Furman (Ed.): The O. Henry Prize Stories 2015; The Art of Grace: On Moving Well Through Life; Jesse Rita Gabis: A Guest at the Shooters Banquet: My Kellerman (and Jonathan Kellerman): The Golem of Paris; Grandfathers SS Past, My Jewish Family, A Search for the Brian Kellow: Can I Go Now?: The Life of Sue Mengers, Truth; Jonathan Galassi: Muse; Nicole Galland: Stepdog; Hollywoods First Superagent; Jacqueline Kelly: The Curious Jack Gantos: The Trouble in Me; Tess Gerritsen: Playing World of Calpurnia Tate; Ronald Kidd: Night on Fire; Eric with Fire; Amitav Ghosh: Flood of Fire; Sandra M. A. Kimmel (and Erik Brooks, Illus.): The Runaway Tortilla; Gilbert (and Peter J. Porter, Eds.): Eating Words: A Norton Stephen King: The Bazaar of Bad Dreams; Finders Keepers; Anthology of Food Writing; Timothy Glass: Sleepytown Bennett Z. Kobb: The Guru-Free Guide to Nada Yoga: Sound Beagles Cartoons (200th Edition); Lisa Glatt: The Nakeds; Current Meditation for the Rest of Us; Elizabeth Koehler- Paul Goldberger: Building Art: The Life and Work of Frank Pentacoff: The Missing Kennedy: Rosemary Kennedy and the Gehry; Ronald Goldfarb (Ed.): After Snowden: Privacy, Secret Bonds of Four Women; Betsy Harvey Kraft (and Ste- Secrecy, and Security in the Information Age; Connie ven Salerno, Illus.): The Fantastic Ferris Wheel: The Story of Goldsmith: Dietary Supplements: Harmless, Helpful, or Inventor George Ferris; Kathleen V. Kudlinski (and Debbie Hurtful?; Patricia Goldstone: Art, Conspiracy, and the Tilley, Illus.): Boy, Were We Wrong About the Human Body!; Shadow Worlds of Mark Lombardi; Fred Goodman: Allen Kathleen V. Kudlinski (and Sebastia Serra, Illus.): Boy, Klein: The Man Who Bailed Out the Beatles, Made the Stones, Were We Wrong About the Weather!; James Kwan: Dear Yeti; and Transformed Rock & Roll; Shawn Goodman (and Wes Robert Lacey: Model Woman: Eileen Ford and the Business Moore): This Way Home; Jesse Goolsby: Id Walk with My of Beauty; Mary Helen Lagasse: Navel of the Moon; Jon Friends if I Could Find Them; Lisa Gornick: Louisa Meets LaPoma: Developing Minds: An American Ghost Story; Bear; Roberta Brandes Gratz: Were Still Here Ya Bastards: Sonya Lea: Wondering Who You Are: A Memoir; Jorja Leap: How the People of New Orleans Rebuilt Their City; Jane Project Fatherhood: A Story of Courage and Healing in One Green: Summer Secrets; James Grippando: Cash Landing; of Americas Toughest Communities; Ursula K. Le Guin: Lauren Groff: Fates and Furies; Peter Guralnick: Sam Steering the Craft: A Twenty-First-Century Guide to Sailing Phillips: The Man Who Invented Rock n Roll; the Sea of Story; Paul Levine: Bum Rap; Marc Liebman: Michaela Haas: Bouncing Forward: Transforming Bad Breaks Cherubs 2; Mardi Jo Link: The Drummond Girls: A Story into Breakthroughs; Garth Risk Hallberg: City on Fire; of Fierce Friendship Beyond Time and Chance; Cynthea Liu William Hallstead: Pursuit of the Weapon from Hell; Dan (and Kristyna Litten, Illus.): Bike On, Bear!; Mike Lupica: Hampton: The Hunter Killers: The Extraordinary Story of the Fast Break; First Wild Weasels, the Band of Maverick Aviators Who Flew Lou Macaluso: Deja Vu, Italian Style; John Macfarlane: the Most Dangerous Missions of the Vietnam War; Alexander H. Harcourt: Humankind: How Biology and Geography Shape Stormstruck!; David Madden: The Tangled Web of the Human Diversity; Amy Hill Hearth: Miss Dreamsville Civil War and Reconstruction: Readings and Writings from and the Lost Heiress of Collier County: A Novel; Richard a Novelists Perspective; Gregory Maguire: After Alice; Hell: Massive Pissed Love: Nonfiction 20012014; Bill Annette Mahon: Slay Bells; Thomas Mallon: Finale: A Henderson (Ed.): The Pushcart Prize XL: Best of the Small Novel of the Reagan Years; Fran Manushkin (and Lauren Presses; Barbara Herkert (and Gabi Swiatkowska, Illus.): Tobia, Illus.): Happy in Our Skin; Fran Manushkin (and Mary Cassatt: Extraordinary Impressionist Painter; Barbara Tammie Lyon, Illus.): Katie Woo, Super Scout; Katie Woo Tries Something New; David Maraniss: Once in a Great City; Herkert (and Vanessa Brantley-Newton, Illus.): Sewing Margaret Maron: Long Upon the Land; Valerie Martin: Sea Stories: Harriet Powers Journey from Slave to Artist; Steve Lovers; Susan Carol McCarthy: A Place We Knew Well; Hodel: Most Evil II: Presenting the Follow-Up Investigation Matthew McElligott: Mad Scientist Academy: The Dinosaur and Decryption of the 1970 Zodiac Cipher in Which the San Disaster; Christian McEwen: Sparks from the Anvil: The Francisco Serial Killer Reveals His True Identity; Alice Smith College Poetry Interviews; Gerald W. McFarland: Hoffman: The Marriage of Opposites; Joan Holub (and The Last of Our Kind; Sophie McManus: The Unfortunates; Scott Magoon, Illus.): The Knights Before Christmas; Anne Bill McWilliams: On Hallowed Ground: The Last Battle for Hosansky: Role Play; A. E. Hotchner: Hemingway in Pork Chop Hill; Doug Merlino: Beast: Blood, Struggle, and Love: His Own Story; Victoria Houston: Dead Rapunzel; Dreams at the Heart of Mixed Martial Arts; Steve Metzger Elizabeth Howard (and Diane Wege, Illus.): A Day with (and Alison Edgson, Illus.): Waiting for Santa; David Bonesh Joe; Dorothy Howell: Swag Bags and Swindlers; Milgrim: Wild Feelings; G. Wayne Miller: Car Crazy: The Ellen Jackson (and Brendan Wenzel, Illus.): Beastly Babies; Battle for Supremacy Between Ford and Olds and the Dawn of Marthe Jocelyn: A Big Dose of Lucky; Stephen T. Johnson: the Automobile Age; Claudia Mills (and Katie Kath, Illus.): Alphabet School; Erica Jong: Fear of Dying; The Trouble with Ants; Judith Moffett: Tarzan in Kentucky; Authors Guild Bulletin 36 Fall 2015

37 Mark Monmonier (Ed.): The History of Cartography, Spy; Erica Silverman (and Jess Golden, Illus.): Lets Have Volume 6: Cartography in the Twentieth Century; Jodi Moore a Parade; Anita Silvey: Untamed: The Wild Life of Jane (and Howard McWilliam, Illus.): When a Dragon Moves In Goodall; Alexandra Siy (and Dennis Kunkel, Photog.): Again; Jeannie Morris: Behind the Smile: A Story of Carol Spidermania: Friends on the Web; Patricia Skalka: Death Moseley Brauns Historic Senate Campaign; Barry Moser: at Gills Rock; Karin Slaughter: Pretty Girls; Jane Smiley: We Were Brothers; Golden Age; Roland Smith: The Edge; SaraKay Smullens: Burnout and Self-Care in Social Work: A Guidebook for Donna Jo Napoli: Dark Shimmer; Phyllis Reynolds Students and Those in Mental Health and Related Professions; Naylor: A Shiloh Christmas; Lesla Newman (and Ag R. L. Sommer: Courtship: A Novel of Life, Love, and the Jatkowska, Illus.): My Name Is Aviva; Lesla Newman Law; Maris Soule: Eat Crow and Die; Nile Southern (and (and Amy June Bates, Illus.): Ketzel, the Cat Who Composed; Brooke Allen, Eds.): Yours in Haste and Adoration: Selected Sara Nickerson: The Secrets of Blueberries, Brothers, Moose Letters of Terry Southern; Eileen Spinelli (and Archie & Me; Carla Norton: What Doesnt Kill Her; Barbara Preston, Illus.): Thankful; John D. Spooner: No One Ever Novack: J. W. Valentine; Told Us That: Money and Life Lessons for Young Adults; Jodi ODonnell: Campus Beautiful: The Shaping of the Gloria Steinem: My Life on the Road; David O. Stewart: Aesthetic Identity of Iowa State University; Julia Older (Ed.): The Wilson Deception; Patricia Lawford Stewart and Ted Boris Vian Invents Boris Vian; Schwarz: The Peter Lawford Story (reissue); T. J. Stiles: Powell Padgett: Cries for Help, Various Stories; Sara Custers Trials: A Life on the Frontier of a New America; R. Paretsky: Brush Back; Shona Patel: Flame Tree Road; L. Stine: The Little Shop of Monsters; The Lost Girl; Slappys Dorothy Hinshaw Patent (and William Muoz, Photog.): Tales of Horror; Brooke C. Stoddard: Steel: From Mine to Call of the Osprey; Denise Lewis Patrick: Finding Mill, the Metal That Made America; Ginger Strand: The Someplace; Karen A. Patterson: Recipes from Ohios Must Brothers Vonnegut: Science and Fiction in the House of Magic; Places to Eat; Charles Pellegrino: To Hell and Back: The Last Todd Strasser: The Beast of Cretacea; Cheryl Strayed: Brave Train from Hiroshima; Margaret Peot: Crow Made a Friend; Enough; Jane Sutton (and Peter Welling, Illus.): Whats Up Katie Pierson: 89 Walls; Eileen Pollack: The Only Woman with This Chicken?; in the Room: Why Science Is Still a Boys Club; Gail Pool: Patrick Taylor: An Irish Doctor in Love and at Sea; Laurie Lost Among the Baining: Adventure, Marriage, and Other Ann Thompson (and Paul Schmid, Illus.): My Dog Is the Fieldwork; Douglas Preston (and Lincoln Child): Crimson Best; Nancy Tillman: Youre Here for a Reason; Shelley Shore; Tougas: Finders Keepers; John Whittier Treat: The Rise and Mary Quattlebaum (and Chad Wallace, Illus.): Mighty Fall of the Yellow House; Lily Tuck: The Double Life of Liliane; Mole and Super Soil; Sheila Turnage: The Odds of Getting Even; Doreen Rappaport (and London Ladd, Illus.): Fredericks Kim van Alkemade: Orphan #8; Margaret Verble: Mauds Journey: The Life of Frederick Douglass; John C. Robinson: Line; Cynthia Voigt: The Book of Kings; Breakthrough; Phyllis Root (and Helen Craig, Illus.): Kate Walbert: The Sunken Cathedral; Claire Vaye Watkins: Snowy Sunday; Andria Warmflash Rosenbaum (and Gold Fame Citrus; Betty Webb: The Pufn of Death; Arlene Christopher Lyles, Illus.): Meg Goldberg on Parade; Weintraub: Heal: The Vital Role of Dogs in the Search for Elizabeth J. Rosenthal: Birdwatcher: The Life of Roger Cancer Cures; Monica Wellington: My Leaf Book; Linda Tory Peterson; Susan Goldman Rubin: Hot Pink: The Life K. Wertheimer: Faith Ed: Teaching About Religion in an and Fashions of Elsa Schiaparelli; Susan Goldman Rubin: Age of Intolerance; Marcie Wessels (and Tim Bowers, Sondheim: The Man Who Changed Musical Theater; Hank Illus.): Pirates Lullaby: Mutiny at Bedtime; Julie Weston: Phillippi Ryan: What You See; Moonshadows; Joanne Stewart Wetzel: Playing Juliet; Ellen Louis Sachar: Fuzzy Mud; John Sandford (and Ctein): Emerson White: Webster: Tale of an Outlaw; Meredith Saturn Run; Lucy Sanna: The Cherry Harvest; Sandy Sue Willis: Melis Way; Sister Mary Winifred: The Dogs Eisenberg Sasso (and Peninnah Schram): Jewish Stories of Sanctuary House; Alan A. Winter: Island Bluffs; Stuart of Love and Marriage: Folktales, Legends, and Letters; Pat Woods: Naked Greed; Foreign Affairs; Laurie A. Woollett: Schories: Pie for Chuck; Jon Scieszka (Ed.): Terrifying Big Top Burning: The True Story of an Arsonist, a Missing Tales; Andrew M. Seddon: Ring of Time; Amy Seek: God Girl, and the Greatest Show On Earth; Alice Wootson: and Jetfire: Confessions of a Birth Mother; Fatima Shaik: Border Danger; What Went Missing and What Got Found; James Shapiro: Thomas Young: The Hunters; The Year of Lear: Shakespeare in 1606; Dyan Sheldon: The Truth About My Success; Polly Shulman: The Poe Estate; Alex Zucker (Transl., and Heda Margolius Kovaly): Jeffrey Siger: Devil of Delphi; Daniel Silva: The English Innocence; or, Murder on Steep Street Authors Guild Bulletin 37 Fall 2015

38 MEMBERS MAKE NEWS The 2015 National Book Awards long list was an- palm oases and their role as barometers of the effects nounced in September. Lauren Groffs Fates and Furies of falling groundwater levels in communities around was nominated in the category of fiction. Susanna the American West. Moores Paradise of the Pacic and Michael Paternitis Betty Medsger received the 2014 Investigative Love and Other Ways of Dying: Essays were nominated Reporters & Editors (IRE) award for best book for The in the nonction category. Jane Hirshelds The Beauty Burglary: The Discovery of J. Edgar Hoovers Secret FBI. was nominated for poetry. Finalists will be announced The IRE Awards recognize the best in investigative re- on October 14, and winners will be announced at the porting by print, broadcast and online media. National Book Awards Ceremony and Benet Dinner on November 18. Barbara Novacks J.W. Valentine was a nalist for the 2015 Pushcart Press Editors Book Award. Edward Ball received a 20152016 Cullman Center Fellowship from the New York Public Library (NYPL). Emily Raboteau received a Spring 2015 Promise The fellowships are given to poets and writers whose Award from the Sustainable Arts Foundation. The or- work will benet directly from access to the NYPLs ganizations awards are granted to poets and ction research collections at the Stephen A. Schwarzman and nonction writers who have children. Building. The Dreidel That Wouldnt Spin: A Toyshop Tale of M. P. Barkers Mending Horses was named a 2015 Hanukkah written by Martha Seif Simpson and il- Must-Read book in the Middle Reader/YA cat- lustrated by Durga Yael Bernhard won the 2015 IBPA egory by the Massachusetts Center for the Book. The Benjamin Franklin Awards silver medal in the Interior Massachusetts Book Awards recognize significant Design: 3 or more Color category (Childrens/YA). works of fiction, nonfiction, poetry and childrens and young adult literature published by residents of Massachusetts or covering Massachusetts subjects. Award winners are chosen from the Must-Read se- lections. Legal Watch Susan Bernofskys translation of The End of Days by Continued from page 22 Jenny Erpenbeck won the 2015 Independent Foreign Fiction Prize. The award is given to a novel or story collection translated into English and published in the fair use statuteemphasized that fair use is not just UK. excused by the law, it is wholly authorized by the law and not, as Universal argued, an afrmative defense Nancy Bunge received the 2015 MidAmerica Award that excuses otherwise infringing conduct. Tying the for her distinguished contributions to the study of fair use statute to the 512(c) provisions of the DMCA, Midwestern literature. The award is presented by the the court noted that because the fair use statute both Society for the Study of Midwestern Literature. empowers and formally approves the use of copy- Charles Degelmans A Bowl Full of Nails was the re- righted material if the use constitutes fair use, fair use cipient of the bronze medal from the 2015 Independent is authorized by law within the meaning 512(c) Publishers Book Awards (IPPYs) in the category of and, consequently, a copyright holder must determine Best Regional FictionWest Mountain. whether the work in question is legally sanctioned fair use before issuing takedown notications. Deborah Eisenberg has won the 2015 PEN/Malamud Next, the court considered whether Universal Award for Excellence in the Short Story. The award had a good faith belief that Lenzs video was not fair will be presented by the PEN/Faulkner Foundation on use of the song before it issued the takedown notice. December 4. Citing 512(f) of the DMCA, the court noted that, for Jon LaPomas Developing Minds: An American Ghost misrepresentation claims such as Lenzs to be viable, Story was the winner of the category of Visionary & the copyright holder must have actual knowledge that Metaphysical Fiction in the 2015 Stargazer Literary the targeted content falls under the category of autho- Prizes. Rebecca Lawton won the 2015 Waterston Desert rized fair use. Thus, Universal would be liable only if Writing Prize for her nonction work-in-progress, The it misrepresented that it had good faith that the video Oasis This Time, which will focus on California fan infringed on its rights. Lenz, however, failed to prove Authors Guild Bulletin 38 Fall 2015

39 THE AUTHORS GUILD, INC. Ofcers President: ROXANA ROBINSON Vice Presidents: JUDY BLUME, RICHARD RUSSO, JAMES SHAPIRO Treasurer: PETER PETRE Secretary: PAT CUMMINGS Council SHERMAN ALEXIE ANNETTE GORDON-REED CATHLEEN SCHINE AMY BLOOM NICHOLAS LEMANN HAMPTON SIDES ALEXANDER CHEE CJ LYONS T. J. STILES MATT DE LA PEA JOHN R. MacARTHUR MONIQUE TRUONG JENNIFER EGAN STEPHEN MANES PEG TYRE LOUISE ERDRICH DANIEL OKRENT RACHEL VAIL PETER GETHERS DOUGLAS PRESTON NICHOLAS WEINSTOCK JAMES GLEICK MICHELLE RICHMOND MEG WOLITZER Ex Ofcio and Honorary Council Members 2/'%2!.'%,,s2/9",/5.4*2sBARBARA TAYLOR BRADFORDs2/"%24!#!2/sSUSAN CHEEVER !..%%$7!2$3s%2)#!*/.'s2/"%24+-!33)%s6)#4/23.!6!3+9s3)$.%9/&&)4 -!290/0%/3"/2.%s,%449#/44).0/'2%").sJEAN STROUSEs.)#+4!9,/2sSCOTT TUROW Advisor to the Council FREDERIC MARTINI MARY RASENBERGER, Executive Director JAN CONSTANTINE, General Counsel MARTHA FAY, Bulletin Editor The Authors Guild, the oldest and largest association of published authors in the United States, works to protect and promote the professional interests of its members. The Guilds forerunner, The Authors League of America, was founded in 1912. 4HE!UTHORS'UILDs%ASTND3TREET


41 .EW9ORK

42 .9 sFAX sE MAILSTAFF AUTHORSGUILDORGsWWWAUTHORSGUILDORG that Universal had actual knowledge that her video and 2) the defendant took deliberate actions to avoid was fair use and that Universal had knowingly mis- learning of that fact. The court, however, held that represented its good faith about the video being un- Lenz was correctly barred by the district court from authorized (not fair use) in the takedown notice, moving forward under this theory, having failed in because she had previously argued that Universal her original complaint to provide the threshold of re- failed to entirely consider fair use. In coming to this quired evidence from which a juror could infer that conclusion, the court held that the actual knowledge Universal was aware of a high probability that the standard applied individually to the copyright hold- video constituted fair use. er s determination of fair use, which is required by Nonetheless, the decision is a partial victory for 512(c), as well as claims for misrepresentations of Stephanie Lenz, who can now proceed to trial under good faith provided by 512(f) of the DMCA. the actual knowledge theory on her misrepresentation Further elaborating on the knowledge require- claim. For copyright holders, however, the decision ment of 512(f) misrepresentation claims, the court further complicates the takedown processalready emphasized thatas an alternative to actual knowl- riddled with difculty and ineffectivenessby requir- edgethe statute allows a plaintiff to bring forward ing non-lawyers to conduct legal analysis before send- the claim under a willful blindness theory if she can ing takedown notices. establish that 1) the defendant subjectively believed Umair Kazi that there was a high probability of a facts existence; Legal Intern Authors Guild Bulletin 39 Fall 2015

43 The Authors Guild, Inc. PRST STD 31 East 32nd Street, 7th Floor US POSTAGE New York, NY 10016 PAID YORK, PA PERMIT #2 Membership Application Mr./Ms. __________________________________________ Pseudonym(s) _____________________________________ Address __________________________________________ City ____________________ State ____ Zip ____________ Phone ( ) __________________ Fax ( ) ____________________ E-mail ___________________________________ Agent name __________________________ Agency ______________________ Agent phone ( ) _______________ How did you become interested in joining the Guild? (check one) Invitation Writing journal _____________________ Referred by _________________________________________ Other _______________________________________________ What is your primary reason for joining? Support and advocacy efforts Legal services Health insurance Site-builder and other Web services Other ___________________________________________________________________ Qualifying writers include book authors and freelance journalists. Book authors published by an established American publisher and self-published writers who earned at least $5,000 in writing income as a book author or freelance writer in the 18 months prior to applying for membership are eligible. Writers earning at least $500 in writing income in the 18 months prior to applying for membership may qualify for acceptance as Associate members of the Authors Guild. Freelance journalists must have published three works, ction or nonction, in a periodical of general circulation within the last 18 months. Book(s) Title Publisher Year Field/Genre __________________________________________ ___________________________ _________ _____________________ __________________________________________ ___________________________ _________ _____________________ Freelance articles Title Publisher Mo./Year Subject __________________________________________ ___________________________ _________ _____________________ __________________________________________ ___________________________ _________ _____________________ __________________________________________ ___________________________ _________ _____________________ Please enclose a check for your rst years dues in the amount of $125 payable to The Authors Guild Mail to: or charge your Visa or MasterCard. The Authors Guild Account No. __________ __________ __________ ___________ 31 East 32nd Street, 7th Fl. Signature _______________________________________ Expiration Date _____/_____ Amount: $125 New York, NY 10016 Bulletin, Fall 2015

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