National Information System for Science And Technology - DSIR

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1 II E. NATIONAL INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 1. INTRODUCTION Organization of skill development programmes The increasing role of science and Promotion of R & D in Information technology in the economic and social Science & Technology development of the country generated a pressing demand for faster technology 1.1 Subject Coverage transfer to the industries. In fact information centres serving the needs of The NISSAT programme had the different industries and R & D units, were mandate to cover the entire spectrum therefore required to be coordinated and of science and technology. However, organized into an integrated system to avoid during the process of programme a haphazard growth and duplication of implementation, special care was activities and to conform to national and taken not to dwell upon subjects international standards. In order to meet this already being handled by other requirement the National Information national programmes like the BTIS, System for Science & Technology ENVIS or an agency like the ICAR. (NISSAT) was launched in 1977. In tune NISSAT always solicited the views with the changing global scenario and in of other programmes/agencies, which pursuance of the national efforts in were responsible for a subject under liberalization and globalization of the the allocation of their business. economy, NISSAT reoriented its programme NISSAT also sought the expert activities continually in order to be useful to views of institutions/individuals a wider base of clientele in diverse subjects. working on a given subject or its Besides establishing the internal linkages allied areas when required. As a between the information industry, its proactive and progressive step, promoters and users, NISSAT also made NISSAT took the onus on itself to efforts to establish a bridge between strengthen the library movement in information resource developers and users in the country through the introduction India and other countries. of modern information technology, tools and techniques. The broad objectives of NISSAT were: 1.2 Main Functions Development of national information The main functions of NISSAT has services been: Promotion of existing information systems & services Strengthening of information Introduction of modern information services through Information Centres handling tools & techniques in Science and Technology, Value Promotion of international Added Patent Information Services, cooperation in information National Access Centres to Development of indigenous products International Database Services, & services CDROM Database facilities etc. 74 DSIR Annual Report 2002-2003

2 TPDU Development of an Indian S&T Web information centres on specific server (Vigyan) covering a variety of sectors like Leather Technology, Indian S&T information and Drugs and Pharmaceuticals, Food establishment of an Internet School. Technology, Machine Tools Development of sector specific Production and Engineering, Textiles Indian websites like Tea, Ocean & Allied Subjects, Chemicals and Data, Food & Technology, IPR Law, Allied Industries Advanced IPR on Biotechnology etc. Ceramics, Crystallography, Biblio- Promotion of information resource metrics, CD-ROM, Management sharing in Science and Technology Sciences, Marine and Aquatic through city-based library and Sciences, Publications on CD- information networks with emphasis ROMs, Tea Manufacturing & on web-based information content Marketing to provide bibliographic development. as well as factual and numeric Development of skills in entire information to meet the various gamut of library and information information needs of academicians, activities and promotion of scientists, technologists, entre- development of indigenous database preneurs, management executives & activities. decision makers. The information Implementation of National Plan of Centres were usually built around the action on Scientometrics/Biblio- existing information resources and metrics and conduct of a series of facilities. They maintain extensive R&D studies. collections of published and Distribution and technical backup unpublished documents in the from services on internationally developed of books, periodicals, R&D reports, software CDS/ISIS, MINISIS and technical reports, standards, patents IDAMS and development and and trade literature in their subject promotion of CDS/ISIS based co- areas. products like SANJAY. Coordination of international During the period of report NISSAT activities in collaboration with is not provided any financial support UNESCO and ASTINFO. to these centres. These services were Development of Information Market- largely maintained by the parent marketing of information, revenue institutions during the year. generation, Industry-User Interaction etc. and publication of the NISSAT Tea Plantation and manufacturing is Newsletter Information Today & one of the traditional industries of Tomorrow. India and an important livelihood for the people of North East and South. 2. ACTIVITIES Tea is one of the major export items of the country. To facilitate timely 2.1 Information development and information on latest techniques and services practices in Tea Production & manufacture to decision makers, tea 2.1.1 National Information Centres producers and scientists and to maintain linkages with various NISSAT established 14 national information centres including Tea DSIR Annual Report 2002-2003 75

3 TPDU Research Information Centre in the member institutions, Knowledge country and abroad, a network with library, J-gate custom content for Tea board as nodal agency and (a) consortium, Directory of translators, Tea Research Association (TRA), Directory of IPR agents in India, TOCKLAI, Jorhat, (b) UPASI Tea Directory of email addresses of Research Foundation, Valparai, Indian Scientists, Event Database, Coimbatore, (c) Institute of Database of venture capital Himalayan Bio-Resource institutions and angel investors, etc Technology (IHBRT), Palampur, The activities of Phase 1 has been Himachal Pradesh and (d) Darjeeling concluded logically during the period Tea Research Centre (DTRC), of report and Phase 2 has been Kurseong as regional centres has initiated. been established during the period of report. 2.1.3 Scouting for grass-root level innovations, compilation and 2.1.2 Virtual Information Centre dissemination of information in local languages across India Setting up of a virtual Information Centre at ICICI Knowledge Park, Our country presents a rich fabric of Hyderabad is a three year project innovative activities. While the awarded to ICICI Knowledge Park innovative activities of established (IKP) for providing a gateway to institutions are visible and receive existing information centres and fast attention, a vast reservoir of and reliable access to information innovations by our farmers, artisans and interaction among industry, and tribals have often remained academia and public research outside our consideration and institutions in the area of Science & appreciation. NISSAT initiated a Technology. The project is divided project for a Knowledge Network into two phases. Phase 1 covers year using local language electronic 1 and Phase 2 covers years 2 &3. database of Honey Bee networks Phase 1 of the project was basically green grassroots innovations. The delineating the need and usefulness project was evolved in the context of of VIC, evolving structure and emerging national thrust of S&T preparation of a detailed report on system to contribute towards the scope of the work to be done at building knowledge driven economy. the VIC. During Phase 1 VIC has The project focuses on collection, developed a virtual community and documentation & development of a knowledge network, by identifying multilingual database on grass root network partners, network users and innovations and development. The customers and establishing a project would collect, document and knowledge network. The centre has digitize innovations and examples of developed website (http://www.vic- outstanding traditional knowledge ikp.info) for disseminating mainly from rural areas, organize information. The site has information these in a multimedia database, on Network members resource translate the information in local database, Union catalogue of languages and establish a mechanism holdings of serials in IKP network 76 DSIR Annual Report 2002-2003

4 TPDU for dissemination and sharing of Hyderabad on the basis of information on innovations information compiled by the NSTMIS, DST 2.2 NACIDS: National Access Centres Database of Experts on Science to International Database Services & Technology in research and academic institutions, INFLIB- NISSAT established eleven NACIDS NET, Ahmedabad. facilities in Ahmedabad, Bangalore, R & D Statistics: Administrative Calcutta, Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Staff College of India, Mumbai, Pune, Thiruvananthapuram, Hyderabad on the basis of Guwahati and Bhopal for providing information compiled by the online facility to access international NSTMIS, DST database services. The NACIDS S & T News: Regional Research provides search services from Dialog Laboratory, Trivandrum and STN databases. The centres are Faculty members in Engineering gaining popularity in spite of the fact colleges: NAFEN, New Delhi that the users have to pay the full Library materials: SNDT cost of a search. All the centres are University, Mumbai now established and are absorbed by Policies relevant to S & T: the parent institutions. NISSAT Secretariat 2.3 Web-based Activities To sustain the server on a long term basis, an INTERNET School has 2.3.1 National server on factual Science been set up to generate the funds and Technology Information through conduct of specialized short term courses. For promotion and support of S & T activities on one hand and execution 2.3.2 National Websites on S & T subjects of activities on the other, a variety of factual information (which is It is essential to develop endogenous different from bibliographic capabilities for content development information) is required. The project which has high potential in India in is intended to collect and collate such view of large S & T population information from diverse sources, having domain expertise, IT and host these on a server christened expertise and English proficiency. VIGYAN (http://www.vigyan.org.in NISSAT has been aggressively or http://144.16.72.160) for national nurturing various possibilities. and international access. While the Besides in pursuance of the IISc has set up the server and recommendations of the Task Force manages the operations, several on Information Technology, several institutions are developing the National websites are being created contents such as: for national and international access. Few examples are given below: Extra-mural schemes of Government of India to support S Intellectual Property Rights & T activities: Administrative (http://www.iprlawindia.org) Staff College of India, DSIR Annual Report 2002-2003 77

5 TPDU Knowledge Management their journal publications in e-format (http://www.kmindia.org) and establish a mechanism to publish IPR in Biotechnology the current journals also in e-format. (http://www.biotechpatents.org After the activity stabilizes, INSA or http://www.vapis.org.in) would invite/adopt journals of Indian Ocean (http://www.inois. various professional bodies and org) institutions for publication in e- Intellectual resources in Eastern format. India (http://www.calibnet.org) Food Science & Technology 2.4 Database Development Activities (http://www.mylibnet.org) Indian Tea (http://www.indian In pursuance of its thrust on contents tea.org) in collaboration with development, NISSAT encourages five regional institutions indigenous database development TQM National Website activities. Besides library (http://www.indiantqm.com) catalogues, union catalogues and Indian Traditional Textile Design lists, the activity could be on subjects Website (http://www.indiantextile in which global databases do not design.com) exist, or on subjects in which Indian elements are not properly 2.3.3 Vidyanidhi A web-enabled full represented. NISSAT completed 11 text database of Ph D thesis database development projects such as Directory of manufacture of Young minds at their peak of various kinds of Ferrous and Non- creativity produce Ph D theses. Ferrous and Special Castings, Unfortunately these are least Biographical database of Indian accessible, least accessed and Scientists, Indian Sugar Industry, utilized. The world over an effort is Directory of Libraries and being made to capture and Information Centres in Gujarat, disseminate theses contents. NISSAT databases on Virus and Virology, supported the Indian effort Directory of S&T institutions in Vidyanidhi to experiment with India, Database on Silkworms, various types of theses materials and Database on Agrochemicals Industry, establish the procedure for treatment. Directory of Database on The materials will be web-enabled Engineering Faculty, SR for wider access. The technology will Ranganathans work and letters, be transferred to various Ph D Database on Folk wisdom, and awarding agencies for information Database on Indian Traditional handling and dissemination in a Textile Design distributed mode. 2.5 Information Resource Sharing 2.3.5 e-publishing of scholarly journals With a mandate to facilitate e-materials have the opportunity for provision of broad based information higher exposure and utilization. services in the country, NISSAT has Under the project, INSA to start taken initiatives for promoting with, would convert the back run of resource-sharing activities through 78 DSIR Annual Report 2002-2003

6 TPDU Library Networks in Calcutta, Delhi, information centres in India to Mumbai, Pune, Ahmedabad and improve their housekeeping and Mysore. These initiatives are aimed service functions through at ensuring better utilization of S&T automation. The package is totally information resources, minimization menu driven and can be used even by of functional load of information non-professionals. The package was centres and encouragement of released for marketing in September motivational factors to a large extend 1995, and till now it has an by better means of communication. installation base of 65 sites. During Network services centres provide the current year the development of Online and CD-ROM based search SANJAY under windows services. These networks maintains environment with LAN support has websites to disseminate the been completed. information. 2.7 Development of Skills in 2.6 I T Applications Information Science and Technology The demand for use of computers ranges from automation of routine Existing library and information management functions in libraries to science courses cannot keep pace information retrieval or analysis of with the rapid developments in the global databases. Since the inception, information field; there is a need to NISSAT had accorded high priority supplement these with continuing to all aspects of computer based education programme at various bibliographic information process- levels. In view of the situation, ing. As a part of the programme, NISSAT encourages and supports a NISSAT acquired proven software variety of manpower development packages like CDS/ISIS for programmes which cover topics such bibliographic information processing as CDS/ISIS, WINISIS, Internet and & retrieval and IDAMS for statistical Web Designing, TQM in Library data processing. NISSAT subse- Services, Patent Information for quently obtained the official rights R&D and Industry, ISO 9000 Quality for distribution of the two packages Management System, etc. in India from UNESCO. 2.7.1 Post Graduate course on As on date, there are about 1940 Information and Knowledge installations of CDS/ISIS and 100 Management installations of IDAMS in India. The implementation of CDS/ISIS is Information collection, collation, monitored regularly through consolidation, packaging etc is exchange of information, user's getting more and more difficult due group meetings (eight such meetings to proliferation of information have been held so far) and periodic sources and ever-developing tools surveys. and techniques for information handling. The users demands have SANJAY is a package developed by also matured. Besides, the NISSAT to help the libraries and institutions and corporates are in dire DSIR Annual Report 2002-2003 79

7 TPDU need to systematically capture, of research & development is a package and share in-house difficult exercise. Hitherto only information and experiences (Tacit mundane physical and financial knowledge) to subsist in this parameters were being used. The competitive world. Traditional scientometric studies of NISSAT university education is not geared up used publication pattern and citation to prepare the students in the new art pattern for national mapping in of IK Management. The management various subjects (as defined by the institutions today conduct only short- prime database on a specific subject). term courses to give the first In order to study the trends ten exposure. Realizing the need, a pilot studies on whole range of S & T market-driven Post-Graduate course through SCI scan, Chemistry and has been designed in collaboration Chemical Engineering, Physics, with National Centre for Science Biosciences, Mathematics, Information (NCSI), Indian Institute Geosciences, Agriculture, Medical of Science, Bangalore to evolve a Science, Indian Patent Literature, and model that can fill in the gap in Social Sciences were taken up. professional manpower demand and supply and can be replicated 2.8.2 Other Studies elsewhere. NISSAT also promotes and supports 2.7.2 Model (Software and procedure) for research and development and survey web-driven distance education studies. During the period of report system NISSAT completed a study on "Assessment of Information Needs The NISSAT in collaboration with of Small and Medium Enterprises in Indira Gandhi National Open MP and setting up of information University, New Delhi initiated a centres for fulfilling those needs". project to evolve a model that would The focus of the project is to include online lectures, chat promote the use of information discussions with experts, online technology for SMEs by increasing submission and evaluation of their awareness levels by bringing exercises etc. Initially, for the information providers and the experiment, training on WINISIS a clientele together. Two studies on text management software would be Food Informatics and Training tried. Afterwards, the IGNOU would Opportunities in Food Technology use it for its own courses and transfer Networking (FITOFTN) and Digital the technology to other institutions library of Natural History of conducting distance education Collections were taken up. courses. 2.9 Publications 2.8 R&D Studies/Surveys NISSAT has been bringing out its 2.8.1 Studies on Productivity of Indian NISSAT Newsletter -- a quarterly S&T newsletter since the beginning of the programme. Over the years, the Quantitative assessment of the output format has undergone several 80 DSIR Annual Report 2002-2003

8 TPDU revisions in keeping with the 3 CLOSURE OF SCHEME changing information scenario. Now, the contents include The scheme has not been included as information on new tools and a component of the Tenth Plan as the techniques, events concluded and Planning Commission under the Zero Based announcements, interesting Internet Budget Procedure has weeded it out. sites, new database products and Though, it has not been possible to provide services. With a change in the title, financial assistance to many of the projects Information Today & Tomorrow during 2002-03, most of them continued (ITT), the quarterly periodical is their activities and provided services. distributed free to 5000 individuals and institutions. DSIR Annual Report 2002-2003 81

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