# Fluid mechanics and hydraulic machines - Chhotubhai Gopalbhai

• Apr 22, 2015
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1 Uka Tarsadia University C. G. Patel Institute of Technology Diploma Semester - III 020020304: Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines EFFECTIVE FROM July-2015 Syllabus version: 1.01

2 Uka Tarsadia University Version 1.01 SEMESTER-III Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines (020020304) Credits: 4: Theory Contact Hours Per week: 4: Theory Objective of the Course: To provide a comprehensive knowledge of overall fluid kinematics, fluid dynamics, laminar & turbulent flow etc. Student Learning Outcomes/Objectives: At the closing stage of the course, the student will be able to understand the fundamental concept fluid mechanics and hydraulic system. Which is important for to study of Fundamentals of mechanical engineering & fluid statics. Instructional Methods and Pedagogy: Faculty members shall explain in a class room using black board and multimedia projector through PowerPoint presentation. Outline of the Course: Minimum No. of No. Unit Approx. Weight age % Contact Hours 1 Fluid and fluid properties 9 15 2 Fluid statics 9 15 3 Fluid kinematics 12 20 Fluid dynamics and flow 4 12 20 measurement Flow through pipes & Hydro 5 9 15 pneumatic elements and devices 6 Hydraulic pumps & prime movers 9 15 Total 60 100

3 Uka Tarsadia University Version 1.01 Subject Hours Diploma 020020304 Sem III 4hrs/week Fluid Mechanics And Hydraulic Machines (Theory) 4 Credits Sr. No. Topic Hours Unit I 1 Fluid and fluid properties 9 Concept and classification of fluid, Properties of fluid, Newtons law viscosity, Simple numerical examples. Unit II 2 Fluid statics 9 Laws of fluid statics, Types, working and applications of pressure measuring devices (Manometers and mechanical gauges) with simple numerical examples, Selection criteria for pressure measuring devices Unit III 3 Fluid kinematics 12 a. Concept of control volume. b. Fluid flow i. Continuity and energy equation. ii.Momentum equations (without derivation) and its application in impact of jet.(The detail applications should be dealt in Unit VII.) iii. Types of fluid flow. iv. Flow patterns for ideal, laminar, turbulent and Compressible fluid flow of one dimension. c. Simple numerical problems on all of above. Unit IV 4 Fluid dynamics and flow measurement 12 Fluid energy-types and interrelations, Euler's equation, Concept and definition, Understanding various terms in Eulers equation (No derivation), Bernoulli's equation, Concept and definition, Limitations and assumptions, Derivation from Eulers equation, Applications, Flow measurement. i. Parameters and units of measurements related to following devices. ii. Devices- classifications, principle, working, applications without

4 Uka Tarsadia University Version 1.01 derivation. (Pitot tube, Venturi meter, Flow nozzle, Rota meter, Orifice, Notch). Selection criteria for flow measuring device, Simple numerical examples on all of above. UNIT V 5 Flow through pipes & Hydro pneumatic elements and devices 9 Introduction to pipe and pipe flow, Reynoldss experiment, friction factor, Darcys equation, Moodys chart, Water hammer effect, Selection criteria for pipes and pipe sizes, Types, sketch, working, specifications, symbols and applications of hydraulic and pneumatic elements like: Cylinder, Valve, Manifolds, etc., Hydraulic devices- Hydraulic press, Hydraulic accumulator, Hydraulic lift, Hydraulic ram, Hydraulic crane, Hydraulic coupling, Hydraulic intensifier. UNIT VI 6 Hydraulic pumps & prime movers 9 Concept and classification of pumps, Detailed study (construction, working and applications) of Centrifugal pump, Reciprocating pump, Submersible pump, Rotary positive displacement type pumps like Gear pump and Van pump, Vacuum pump, Performance (efficiency, discharge, head, specific speed and power consumption) of centrifugal pump and reciprocating pump with simple numerical example, Characteristic curves of centrifugal pump and reciprocating pump, Need for priming of centrifugal pump, Selection of pumps, Hydraulic prime movers (Turbine). Classification, construction, working principle and applications of Pelton wheel, Francis turbine, Kaplan turbine, Selection criteria of prime movers

5 Uka Tarsadia University Version 1.01 Practical 020020304 Fluid Mechanics And Hydraulic Machines Credits: 1 Contact Hours Per week: 2 Objective of the Course: To provide a comprehensive knowledge of overall fluid kinematics, fluid dynamics, laminar & turbulent flow Student Learning Outcomes / objectives: To have the student will be able to understand the fundamental concept fluid mechanics and hydraulic system. Instructional Method and Pedagogy: Experiments are to be performed in laboratory. Sr.No. 020020304 2 hrs/week Fluid Mechanics And Hydraulic Machines (Practical) 1 Credits 1 Flow through Orifice meter 04 2 Flow through Venturi meter 04 3 Flow through Nozzle meter 04 4 Flow through Centrifugal head meter 04 5 Frictional losses in pipe flow 04 6 Metacentric height 04 7 Dimensional Analysis 04 8 Potential & Stream Function 02

6 Uka Tarsadia University Version 1.01 Reference books: 1. Fluid mechanics& hydraulic Machines. 2. Fluid mechanics& hydraulic Machines. (in S.I. units) R.S.Khurmi S.chand & Co.Ltd. 3. Hydraulic & Hydraulic machines R.C. Patel & A.D. Pandya Acharya Book Depot 4. Fundamental of fuild mechanics Dr. D.S. Kumar Ketson Pub. house 5. Hydraulic Machines & Fluidics Dr. Jagdishlal book co. Metropolitan 6. Industrial Pneumatic control Z.J. Lansky Marcel Dekker, Inc 7. Fluid mechanics& hydraulic machines S.C. Gupta PERSON Education.