Presentation Agricultural and Industrial Tire Conference 3, 4 Dec 15

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1 Lifebeginsatforty(thousandkilometers!) InnovativeAgriculturalandIndustrialTireDevelopment 3rd 4th December2015 ChrisTwigg

2 >> TheBlack BearTeam, whoweare,whatwedoandwhere wereheading >> Environmental benefitsofusing BlackBearcarbon black >> Deepdiveintoour technicalvalueproposition 1

3 PASSIONATEPEOPLETHAT CHOOSEFORBIGIMPACT Infactwelovecarbonblacksomuch,youbetter hopeyoudont sitnexttoone ofusatadinner party 2

4 Whatwedo.. Wechoosetochangethegamebycreating abetterproductinasustainableway Fromdepleting ourworld toaCircularEconomy 3

5 Weaskedourselves.. Doeslifeactuallyendorbeginatforty (thousandkilometers?) AtBlackBearweharvest, re-design/upcycle and re-fashion thehighquality furnacecarbonblackshidden awayinend-of-lifetires 4

6 Whereweareand wherewereheading.. Ongoing 2013 2015 2014 2015 Q22016 2011-2013 R&DSuccesses International 2010 R&Dsuccessesin Financial/Investment/ DGCgoesLive! Roll-out JVSuccesses SpecialtyMarkets BlackBearFounded rubberMarkets Company 2011:Chris PieterterKuile, Product FirstBlack Bear Target10 20 founded: Twiggjoinsas MartijnLopes developmentin line goeslive: additional Black JanJonkman partner Cardozo(CEO), specialty market Nederweert, Bearlines till 2011 2013: andJoost segments: Netherlands 2020 RonaldVerberne Raimondjoinas R&Dactivities - Coatings producing4.500 leading to partners tons/ycarbon - Inks provenprocess Jointventure black andrubber withKargro - Polymers products DutchGreen Carbon(DGC) established DGC ontrack progresswith firstplant 5

7 BlackBeardeveloped breakthrough technology toproducegreen, highqualitycarbonblacks BlackBearisableto Oil upcyclecarbon black,oilandgas fromwastetires = Gas Carbon Black athighqualityfor manyapplications Coatings Inks Plastics & Rubbers Tires 6

8 Demandincarbonblackmarketisdiversified andBlackBearwillcompeteinallsegments GlobalCarbon Blackmarket Specialties 1,2 Mton Coatings,Inks, Polymers,etc TechnicalRubbers Targeting 3,6Mton demandingdynamic applications Tires Improved 6,9Mton performance ~12Mton Source:TheFreedonia Group,Inc. 7

9 Giventhevastquantitiesofwastetires globally,hundredsofregionallinescanbe built WesternEuropeanfeedstockmarket 100%=2.850ktons* Toupcyclealltiresin Europewould 150 requirealmost200 200lines productionlines 1.100 BlackBearsfirst ktons 2.850 plantrequires~0,5% ofWestern 1.100 Europeanfeedstock 500 Toupcyclealltires globallywould All Land Incine- Granulate Re-use requirearound750 tires fill ration production productionlines *Afterremovalofsteel Source:EuropeanTireandRubberManufacturersAssociation,estimates 8

10 >> TheBlack BearTeam, whoweare,whatwedoandwhere wereheading >> Environmental benefitsofusing BlackBearcarbon black >> Deepdiveintoour technicalvalueproposition 9

11 CO2 SAVINGS WORTH 1 MILLION TREES 10

12 Currently,productionofcarbonblackcauses severeenvironmentaldamages One ton of carbon black requires around 2.000 to 2.500 liters of crude oil* Worldwide, approximately 12 mln tons of carbon black is produced each year, causing emissions of 35 - 40 mln ton CO Approximately 60% of carbon black is used in tires Worldwide about 1 - 1,5 bln waste tires are dumped, landfilled or burned, with them ~4,5 mln tons of carbon black is wasted into the environment *Currentlyunderinvestigationaswelearnthatmuchhigheramountsofcrudeoilorgasareoftenrequiredtoproducemanyspecialtypigmentgrades 11

13 Re-usingwastetiresprovidestremendous positiveenvironmentalimpact Save2.000to2.500litersofcrude oil* pertoncarbonblack Save5tonsCO pertoncarbonblack Producegreen energy Reduceairpollutionbyaround80% (e.g.dust,CO,SO,NO,VOCs) WithoneBBC productionline weput>15ktonwastetiresto valuable useandsave moreCOthan1million treesconsume *Currentlyunderinvestigationaswelearnthatmuchhigheramountsofcrudeoilorgasareoftenrequiredtoproducemanyspecialtypigmentgrades 12

14 Recycling tiresintocarbonblackstrongly reducesCOemissionsandprovidesnetenergy Aplantof11ktons COemission* feedstockrecovers4,5 COton kton carbonblackand (pertoncarbonblack) 5 saves21,6ktons CO 3,2 Energyproduction: 2,5 5ktons highcalorificoil& 6MWgreenelectricity Reduction 4,8tons TheCO2 benefitscanbe 0 capitalizedinvariousways: furnace SaleofCO2 credits blackBAT** BBC Saleofgreen energy; -1,6 steam,gasorelectricity -2,5 *Source:LifeCycleAssessmentbypartnersforinnovation2014 **BAT:BestAvailableTechnology 13

15 Inaddition,BlackBearscarbonblackhas hugeotherpositiveenvironmentalimpacts ComparisonofEnvironmentalImpact Index* CompetingFurnaceCarbonBlack 100 BBC:TotalImpact -33 BBC:Particulate matter 2 formation BBC:FossilDepletion -29 BBC:HumanToxicity 15 *Source:LifeCycleAssessmentbypartnersforinnovation2014 14

16 DetailedLifeCycleAssessment (comparisonvs.virgincarbonblackfurnaceprocess) Impact Category Unit/ton Conventional Carbon BlackBear Carbon Black BlackProcess Process Totalimpact Pt 416 -137 Climatechange kgCO2eq 3180 -1650 Humantoxicity kg1,4-DBeq 351 54 Ionising radiation kBq U235eq 356 -102 Terrestrialacidification kgSO2eq 24 0.3 Photochemicaloxidantfunction kgNMVOC 18 0.6 Source: Particulatematterformation kgPM10eq 6.8 0.1 Independent Agriculturallandoccupation m2a 26 5 LifeCycle Urbanlandoccupation m2a 5.2 1.3 Naturallandtransformation m2 1.8 -0.6 Assessment by Terrestrial ecotoxicity kg1,4-DBeq 0.120 0.009 Partnersfor Freshwaterecotoxicity kg1,4-DBeq 9.8 1.7 Innovation Marineecotoxicity kg1,4-DBeq 12.0 1 Waterdepletion m3 955 -567 Metaldepletion kgFeeq 87 47 Fossildepletion kgoileq 2093 -610 Freshwatereutrophication kgPeq 0.240 0.119 Marineeutrophication kgNeq 0.579 0.000 Ozonedepletion kgCFC-11eq 0.434 0.180 15

17 >> TheBlack BearTeam, whoweare,whatwedoandwhere wereheading >> Environmental benefitsofusing BlackBearcarbon black >> Deepdiveintoour technicalvalueproposition 16

18 Keyfundamentalpropertiesofthecarbonblacks testedandcompared Property Test Unit BBCT30 BBCT30S N330 N660 N347 Method BET ASTM m/g 86 77 78 35 85 D6556 STSA ASTM m/g 69 62 75 34 83 D6556 OAN ASTM cm/100g 96 88 102 90 124 D2414 Totalinorganiccontent DIN % 12- 16 30 - 35

19 NotunexpectedlythenewBBCgradesbehavesimilar toASTMN300typesinrubbercompounds 18

20 BBCT30impartshighermechanicalreinforcementthanN330with lowermodulusandastep-improvementindynamicperformance >> Forallvalues:high=good TestedinASTMD3192 (carbonblackevaluation in naturalrubber) TandeltabyDMTA temperature sweep, frequency1Hz,strain2% 19

21 BBCT30Sprovidescomparable/improvedmechanicalperformance thanN660ataslightlylowermodulusandenhancesdynamic performancewithamarkedimprovementinflexfatigue >> Forallvalues:high=good TestedinASTMD3192 (carbonblackevaluation in naturalrubber) TandeltabyDMTA temperature sweep, frequency1Hz,strain2% Crosslinkdensity(MH-ML) adjustedtocompensatethe effectofsilica The25%silica contentin BBCT30Sisreceptive to silane-coupling. Forexample, theadditionof1.5%silane (Si69)willincrease tensile modulusM300byaround 30%inSBRrecipes 20

22 ComparedwithN347an80:20blendofN330:BBCT30imparts betterabrasionandtearresistancewithamarkedimprovementin dynamicperformance >> Forallvalues:high=good TestedinASTMD3192 (carbonblackevaluation in naturalrubber) TandeltabyDMTA temperature sweep, frequency1Hz,strain2% 21

23 Inconclusion,weseeklaunchingpartnerswithinthe AgriculturalTireSectorwithaflareforInnovation,andadesire toimprovetheirtireperformanceinthegreenestway possible! Webelieve: 1. Ourupcycled carbon blacks can improve tireperformance inthe areas ofdurability andreduced rolling resistance 2. Wewilldrastically improveyour carbon footprint!! 22

24 .and we are firm believers that life begins at .000 km! 23

25 >> BlackBear Carbon wasco-funded bytheEco-Innovation Initiative oftheEuropean Union >>Weexpress ourthankstoTrelleborg WheelSystems(Rome) who participated intheEco-Innovation projectbyevaluating andprovingthe valueofBlackBear products inagricultural tires 24

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